Additional Sin Offering Regulations
5:1 “ ‘When a person sins1 in that he hears a public curse against one who fails to testify2 and he is a witness (he either saw or knew what had happened3) and he does not make it known,4 then he will bear his punishment for iniquity.5 5:2 Or when there is6 a person who touches anything ceremonially7 unclean, whether the carcass of an unclean wild animal, or the carcass of an unclean domesticated animal, or the carcass of an unclean creeping thing, even if he did not realize it,8 but he himself has become unclean and is guilty;9 5:3 or when he touches human uncleanness with regard to anything by which he can become unclean,10 even if he did not realize it, but he himself has later come to know it and is guilty; 5:4 or when a person swears an oath, speaking thoughtlessly11 with his lips, whether to do evil or to do good, with regard to anything which the individual might speak thoughtlessly in an oath, even if he did not realize it, but he himself has later come to know it and is guilty with regard to one of these oaths12—5:5 when an individual becomes guilty with regard to one of these things13 he must confess how he has sinned,14 5:6 and he must bring his penalty for guilt15 to the Lord for his sin that he has committed, a female from the flock, whether a female sheep or a female goat, for a sin offering. So the priest will make atonement16 on his behalf for17 his sin.
5:7 “ ‘If he cannot afford an animal from the flock,18 he must bring his penalty for guilt for his sin that he has committed,19 two turtledoves or two young pigeons,20 to the Lord, one for a sin offering and one for a burnt offering. 5:8 He must bring them to the priest and present first the one that is for a sin offering. The priest21 must pinch22 its head at the nape of its neck, but must not sever the head from the body.23 5:9 Then he must sprinkle24 some of the blood of the sin offering on the wall of the altar, and the remainder of the blood25 must be squeezed out at the base of the altar—it is a sin offering. 5:10 The second bird26 he must make a burnt offering according to the standard regulation.27 So the priest will make atonement28 on behalf of this person for29 his sin which he has committed, and he will be forgiven.30
5:11 “ ‘If he cannot afford31 two turtledoves or two young pigeons,32 he must bring as his offering for his sin which he has committed33 a tenth of an ephah34 of choice wheat flour35 for a sin offering. He must not place olive oil on it and he must not put frankincense on it, because it is a sin offering. 5:12 He must bring it to the priest and the priest must scoop out from it a handful as its memorial portion36 and offer it up in smoke on the altar on top of the other gifts of the Lord—it is a sin offering. 5:13 So the priest will make atonement37 on his behalf for his sin which he has committed by doing one of these things,38 and he will be forgiven.39 The remainder of the offering40 will belong to the priest like the grain offering.’ ”41
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