Word Biblical Commentary, Volume 35B: Luke 9:21–18:34 is unavailable, but you can change that!

Explore the rich narrative of Luke’s gospel with leading New Testament scholar John Nolland. Examining the historical context, literary structure, and relationship to other gospels, Nolland provides a detailed reading of Luke that emphasizes the historicity of the book and its theological meaning.

ἐκδίκησον could be a call for vengeance, but an appeal for protective or restorative justice is permitted by the language and is much more in keeping with the widow image. ἀντίδικος is in its original use applied mainly to the initiator of a legal suit, but can also be used of the defendant. Without the court imagery, the word can mean “opponent” in a quite general sense (see Schrenk, TDNT 1:373–75), though that is not likely in the present judicial context. In our parable the widow is clearly
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