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Not Because of Israel’s Righteousness

9 Hear, Israel: You are now about to cross the Jordanh to go in and dispossess nations greater and stronger than you,i with large citiesj that have walls up to the sky.k The people are strong and tall—Anakites! You know about them and have heard it said: “Who can stand up against the Anakites?”l But be assured today that the Lord your God is the one who goes across ahead of youm like a devouring fire.n He will destroy them; he will subdue them before you. And you will drive them out and annihilate them quickly,o as the Lord has promised you.

After the Lord your God has driven them out before you, do not say to yourself,p “The Lord has brought me here to take possession of this land because of my righteousness.” No, it is on account of the wickednessq of these nationsr that the Lord is going to drive them out before you. It is not because of your righteousness or your integritys that you are going in to take possession of their land; but on account of the wickednesst of these nations,u the Lord your God will drive them outv before you, to accomplish what he sworew to your fathers, to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.x Understand, then, that it is not because of your righteousness that the Lord your God is giving you this good land to possess, for you are a stiff-necked people.y

The Golden Calf

Remember this and never forget how you aroused the angerz of the Lord your God in the wilderness. From the day you left Egypt until you arrived here, you have been rebelliousa against the Lord.b At Horeb you aroused the Lord’s wrathc so that he was angry enough to destroy you.d When I went up on the mountain to receive the tablets of stone, the tablets of the covenante that the Lord had made with you, I stayed on the mountain forty daysf and forty nights; I ate no bread and drank no water.g 10 The Lord gave me two stone tablets inscribed by the finger of God.h On them were all the commandments the Lord proclaimed to you on the mountain out of the fire, on the day of the assembly.i

11 At the end of the forty days and forty nights,j the Lord gave me the two stone tablets,k the tablets of the covenant. 12 Then the Lord told me, “Go down from here at once, because your people whom you brought out of Egypt have become corrupt.l They have turned away quicklym from what I commanded them and have made an idol for themselves.”

13 And the Lord said to me, “I have seen this peoplen, and they are a stiff-necked people indeed! 14 Let me alone,o so that I may destroy them and blot outp their name from under heaven.q And I will make you into a nation stronger and more numerous than they.”

15 So I turned and went down from the mountain while it was ablaze with fire. And the two tablets of the covenant were in my hands.r 16 When I looked, I saw that you had sinned against the Lord your God; you had made for yourselves an idol cast in the shape of a calf.s You had turned aside quickly from the way that the Lord had commanded you. 17 So I took the two tablets and threw them out of my hands, breaking them to pieces before your eyes.

18 Then once again I fellt prostrate before the Lord for forty days and forty nights; I ate no bread and drank no water,u because of all the sin you had committed,v doing what was evil in the Lord’s sight and so arousing his anger. 19 I feared the anger and wrath of the Lord, for he was angry enough with you to destroy you.w But again the Lord listened to me.x 20 And the Lord was angry enough with Aaron to destroy him, but at that time I prayed for Aaron too. 21 Also I took that sinful thing of yours, the calf you had made, and burned it in the fire. Then I crushed it and ground it to powder as fine as dusty and threw the dust into a stream that flowed down the mountain.z

22 You also made the Lord angrya at Taberah,b at Massahc and at Kibroth Hattaavah.d

23 And when the Lord sent you out from Kadesh Barnea,e he said, “Go up and take possessionf of the land I have given you.” But you rebelledg against the command of the Lord your God. You did not trusth him or obey him. 24 You have been rebellious against the Lord ever since I have known you.i

25 I lay prostrate before the Lord those forty days and forty nightsj because the Lord had said he would destroy you.k 26 I prayed to the Lord and said, “Sovereign Lord, do not destroy your people,l your own inheritancem that you redeemedn by your great power and brought out of Egypt with a mighty hand.o 27 Remember your servants Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Overlook the stubbornnessp of this people, their wickedness and their sin. 28 Otherwise, the countryq from which you brought us will say, ‘Because the Lord was not able to take them into the land he had promised them, and because he hated them,r he brought them out to put them to death in the wilderness.’s 29 But they are your people,t your inheritanceu that you brought out by your great power and your outstretched arm.v


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