1 Saul was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty two years over Israel.
2 Now Saul chose for himself 3,000 men of Israel, of which 2,000 were with Saul in aMichmash and in the hill country of Bethel, while 1,000 were with Jonathan at bGibeah of Benjamin. But he sent away the rest of the people, each to his tent.
3 Jonathan smote athe garrison of the Philistines that was in bGeba, and the Philistines heard of it. Then Saul cblew the trumpet throughout the land, saying, “Let the Hebrews hear.”
4 All Israel heard 1the news that Saul had smitten the garrison of the Philistines, and also that Israel ahad become odious to the Philistines. The people were then summoned 2to Saul at Gilgal.
5 Now the Philistines assembled to fight with Israel, 30,000 chariots and 6,000 horsemen, and apeople like the sand which is on the seashore in abundance; and they came up and camped in Michmash, east of bBeth-aven.
6 When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait (for the people were hard-pressed), then athe people hid themselves in caves, in thickets, in cliffs, in cellars, and in pits.
7 Also some of the Hebrews crossed the Jordan into the land of aGad and Gilead. But as for Saul, he was still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling.
8 Now ahe waited seven days, according to the appointed time set by Samuel, but Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattering from him.
9 So Saul said, “Bring to me the burnt offering and the peace offerings.” And ahe offered the burnt offering.
10 As soon as he finished offering the burnt offering, behold, Samuel came; and aSaul went out to meet him and to 1greet him.
11 But Samuel said, “What have you done?” And Saul said, “Because I saw that the people were scattering from me, and that you did not come within the appointed days, and that athe Philistines were assembling at Michmash,
12 therefore I said, ‘Now the Philistines will come down against me at Gilgal, and I have not asked the favor of the Lord.’ So I forced myself and offered the burnt offering.”
13 Samuel said to Saul, “aYou have acted foolishly; byou have not kept the commandment of the Lord your God, which He commanded you, for now the Lord would have established your kingdom 1over Israel cforever.
14 “But anow your kingdom shall not endure. bThe Lord has sought out for Himself a man after His own heart, and the Lord has appointed him as ruler over His people, because you have not kept what the Lord commanded you.”
15 Then Samuel arose and went up from Gilgal to aGibeah of Benjamin. And Saul 1numbered the people who were present with him, babout six hundred men.
16 Now Saul and his son Jonathan and the people who were present with them were staying in aGeba of Benjamin while the Philistines camped at Michmash.
17 And athe 1raiders came from the camp of the Philistines in three 2companies: one 3company turned 4toward bOphrah, to the land of Shual,
18 and another 1company turned 2toward aBeth-horon, and another 1company turned 2toward the border which overlooks the valley of bZeboim toward the wilderness.
19 Now ano blacksmith could be found in all the land of Israel, for the Philistines said, “Otherwise the Hebrews will make 1bswords or spears.”
20 So all Israel went down to the Philistines, each to sharpen his plowshare, his mattock, his axe, and his hoe.
21 The charge was 1two-thirds of a shekel for the plowshares, the mattocks, the forks, and the axes, and to fix the hoes.
22 So it came about on the day of battle that aneither sword nor spear was found in the hands of any of the people who were with Saul and Jonathan, but they were found with Saul and his son Jonathan.
23 And athe garrison of the Philistines went out to bthe pass of Michmash.
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