The Johannine Letters: A Commentary on 1, 2, and 3 John is unavailable, but you can change that!

A scholarly treatment of the major literary, exegetical, and theological issues connected with the Johannine epistles, presented in a detailed and sustained fashion. Despite the relative brevity of the Johannine epistles, this commentary’s print version consisted of over 350 pages. The electronic version leaves nothing behind and is more easily searchable than ever!

Introduction 1. Patristic Witnesses The light of historical tradition falls relatively early on at least part of the Johannine writings. The letter of Polycarp of Smyrna (died 156) to the Philippians (7.1) already has an indirect citation: “For ‘whosoever does not confess that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is antichrist’; and whosoever does not confess the testimony of the cross ‘is of the devil’ (ἐκ τοῦ διαβόλου); and whosoever perverts the sayings of the Lord to suit [that one’s] own lusts
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