The Johannine Letters: A Commentary on 1, 2, and 3 John is unavailable, but you can change that!

A scholarly treatment of the major literary, exegetical, and theological issues connected with the Johannine epistles, presented in a detailed and sustained fashion. Despite the relative brevity of the Johannine epistles, this commentary’s print version consisted of over 350 pages. The electronic version leaves nothing behind and is more easily searchable than ever!

present time they possess a knowledge that they are actualizing in accord with the new situation. This is established by the indicative γινώσκετε (“you know”). Believers have at all times an ability to distinguish spirits and to recognize what rightly presents itself as the Spirit of God.15 The connection to what has gone before has been deliberately created by the author. The congregation, as a community of those who have been born of God, have the Spirit of God, and the Spirit in turn has the function
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