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Jesus’ Fulfillment of Old Testament Prophecy


NT Reference

Prophetic Passage(s) Cited/Fulfilled

The virgin birth

Matt 1:22–23

Isa 7:14 (LXX)

The Messiah originating from Bethlehem

Matt 2:5–6

Combination of Mic 5:2 and 2 Sam 5:2

The holy family escapes to Egypt

Matt 2:15

Hos 11:1

The massacre of the infants

Matt 2:17–18

Jer 31:15

The holy family settles in Nazareth

Matt 2:23

No clear OT referent; possibly alluding to Isa 11:1, or to the OT concept of a Nazirite (e.g., Judg 13:5, 7; 16:17; 1 Sam 2)

John the Baptist as precursor to Jesus

Matt 3:3; Mark 1:2–3; Luke 3:4–6

Combines elements of Mal 3:1; Isa 40:3; and Exod 23:20

Jesus settles in Capernaum, in the territory of Zebulun and Naphtali

Matt 4:14–16

Isa 9:1–2

Jesus claims to fulfill the Law and the Prophets

Matt 5:17

No specific OT referent

Jesus’ ministry of healing and exorcism

Matt 8:17

Isa 53:4

Jesus appeals to Isaianic prophecy as proof that he is the “one who is to come into the world”

Matt 11:4–6; compare John 6:14

Likely based on Isa 29:18–19; 35:5–6; 61:1–2

John the Baptist prepares the way for Jesus

Matt 11:10; Luke 7:27

Based on Mal 3:1

The secrecy of Jesus’ ministry

Matt 12:17–21

Isa 42:1–4

Jesus offers the sign of Jonah

Matt 12:39–40; 16:4; Luke 11:29–30

Jesus here refers to the story of Jonah more broadly rather than to a specific prophetic quote

The reason for Jesus’ parabolic teaching

Matt 13:14–15; Mark 4:12; Luke 8:10

Isa 6:9–10

More prophetic support for Jesus’ parabolic teaching

Matt 13:35

Ps 78:2

Jesus sitting on a donkey’s colt

Matt 21:4–5; John 12:15

Zech 9:9; compare Isa 62:11

“Blessed is he (or, the king) who comes in the name of the Lord”

Mark 11:9; Luke 19:38; John 12:13

Psa 118:26

The suffering death of the Son of Man at the hands of Gentiles, and the resurrection

Luke 18:31–33

the prophets”

The betrayal of the Son of Man

Matt 26:24; Mark 14:21

No clear OT references

The desertion by the disciples

Matt 26:31; Mark 14:27

Based on Zech 13:7; compare Isa 53:6

Jesus’ violent arrest

Matt 26:56

“the scriptures of the prophets”

The chief priests use Judas’ abandoned blood money to purchase a field

Matt 27:9–10

Matthew attributes the quote to Jeremiah (possibly thinking of both Jer 18:1–3 and 32:6–15), though the text is a paraphrase of Zech 11:13

The mistreatment of the Son of Man

Mark 9:12

No clear OT references Perhaps based partly on Ps 22:7

The rejection of Jesus

Mark 12:10–11; Acts 4:11; Eph 2:20; 1 Pet 2:7

Ps 118:22–23

Jesus presents himself as the fulfillment of Isaiah’s prophecies

Luke 4:18–21

Combines elements of Isa 61:1–2; 58:6

Jesus counted as one of the criminals

Luke 22:37

Based on Isa 53:12

The resurrected Jesus interprets scripture with reference to Himself

Luke 24:26–27

No clear OT reference

“everything that is written about me … must be fulfilled”

Luke 24:44

“the law of Moses and the prophet and psalms”

Jesus, the one about whom Moses and the prophets wrote

John 1:45

No explicit OT reference

The cleansing of the temple

John 2:17

Ps 69:9

Moses wrote about Jesus

John 5:39, 40, 46, 47

No explicit OT reference

Jesus is the prophet like Moses

John 6:14; Acts 3:22–23

Deut 18:15–20

The Messiah is descended from David, and from Bethlehem

John 7:42

Ps 89:4; Mic 5:2

Authorities deny that scripture predicts a prophet from Galilee

John 7:52

No explicit OT reference

The rejection of Jesus

John 12:38–40

Quotes from Isa 6:10; 53:1

Hatred of Jesus

John 15:25

Likely based on Pss 35:19; 69:4; 109:3

Roman soldiers divide Jesus’ clothes and cast lots for his tunic

John 19:24

Psa 22:18

The Messiah must rise from the dead

John 20:9

No explicit OT reference

Christ’s death took place according to God’s plan

Acts 2:23

Here “plan” may allude to prophetic fulfillment, i.e., that God’s plan concerning Christ is discernible in the OT

Christ’s resurrection was spoken of by David

Acts 2:25–28

Ps 16:8–11

The Messiah’s resurrection

Acts 2:31; 13:32–33; 26:22–23

Pss 2:7; 16:10

God, through the prophets, foretold the suffering of the Messiah

Acts 3:18

Referring back to the proof-texts in Acts 2:23–31

Gentile authorities stand against the Messiah

Acts 4:25–26

Ps 2:1–2

Philip teaches the Ethiopian eunuch that Isaianic prophecy refers to Jesus

Acts 8:32–35

Isa 53:7–8

The prophets testify to Jesus and forgiveness of sins through his name

Acts 10:43

“the prophets”

Jesus the savior from the seed of David

Acts 13:22–23

No specific OT reference

The death of the Messiah

Acts 13:29; Acts 26:22–23; 1 Pet 1:10–11

“the prophets and Moses” in Acts 26:22

The Messiah’s resurrection and protection from corruption

Acts 13:34–35

Isa 55:3 (LXX); Ps 16:10

The gospel promised beforehand in the scriptures

Rom 1:2

“through his prophets”

The righteousness of God through faith in Christ is attested by the Law and the Prophets

Rom 3:21–22

“the law and the prophets”

The Deliverer from Zion

Rom 11:26–27

Isa 59:20–21

“Christ did not please himself”

Rom 15:3

Ps 68:10

Christ became a servant of the Jews so that Gentiles would come to glorify God

Rom 15:8–12; Acts 26:22–23

Ps 18:49; Deut 32:43 (LXX); Ps 117:1; Isa 11:10 (LXX)

“Christ died for our sins in accordance with the scriptures”

1 Cor 15:3–4

No specific OT reference

Christ became a “life-giving spirit” as a natural development from the fleshly Adam

1 Cor 15:45

Gen 2:7

Christ became a curse

Gal 3:13

See Gen 12:3; Deut 27:15–26; 28:15–68

God’s Son was temporarily made “a little lower than the angels”

Heb 2:7

Ps 8:4–6

The Messiah’s death and resurrection

1 Pet 1:10–11

“the prophets”


About Faithlife Study Bible

Faithlife Study Bible (FSB) is your guide to the ancient world of the Old and New Testaments, with study notes and articles that draw from a wide range of academic research. FSB helps you learn how to think about interpretation methods and issues so that you can gain a deeper understanding of the text.


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