1 Samuel 30:1–31:13

David Destroys the Amalekites

30 David and his men reached Ziklagu on the third day. Now the Amalekitesv had raided the Negev and Ziklag. They had attacked Ziklag and burnedw it, and had taken captive the women and everyone else in it, both young and old. They killed none of them, but carried them off as they went on their way.

When David and his men reached Ziklag, they found it destroyed by fire and their wives and sons and daughters taken captive.x So David and his men wepty aloud until they had no strength left to weep. David’s two wivesz had been captured—Ahinoam of Jezreel and Abigail, the widow of Nabal of Carmel. David was greatly distressed because the men were talking of stoninga him; each one was bitterb in spirit because of his sons and daughters. But David found strengthc in the Lord his God.

Then David said to Abiathard the priest, the son of Ahimelek, “Bring me the ephod.e” Abiathar brought it to him, and David inquiredf of the Lord, “Shall I pursue this raiding party? Will I overtake them?”

“Pursue them,” he answered. “You will certainly overtake them and succeedg in the rescue.h

David and the six hundred meni with him came to the Besor Valley, where some stayed behind. 10 Two hundred of them were too exhaustedj to cross the valley, but David and the other four hundred continued the pursuit.

11 They found an Egyptian in a field and brought him to David. They gave him water to drink and food to eat—12 part of a cake of pressed figs and two cakes of raisins. He ate and was revived,k for he had not eaten any food or drunk any water for three days and three nights.

13 David asked him, “Who do you belong to? Where do you come from?”

He said, “I am an Egyptian, the slave of an Amalekite.l My master abandoned me when I became ill three days ago. 14 We raided the Negev of the Kerethites,m some territory belonging to Judah and the Negev of Caleb.n And we burnedo Ziklag.”

15 David asked him, “Can you lead me down to this raiding party?”

He answered, “Swear to me before God that you will not kill me or hand me over to my master,p and I will take you down to them.”

16 He led David down, and there they were, scattered over the countryside, eating, drinking and revelingq because of the great amount of plunderr they had taken from the land of the Philistines and from Judah. 17 David foughts them from dusk until the evening of the next day, and none of them got away, except four hundred young men who rode off on camels and fled.t 18 David recoveredu everything the Amalekites had taken, including his two wives. 19 Nothing was missing: young or old, boy or girl, plunder or anything else they had taken. David brought everything back. 20 He took all the flocks and herds, and his men drove them ahead of the other livestock, saying, “This is David’s plunder.”

21 Then David came to the two hundred men who had been too exhaustedv to follow him and who were left behind at the Besor Valley. They came out to meet David and the men with him. As David and his men approached, he asked them how they were. 22 But all the evil men and troublemakers among David’s followers said, “Because they did not go out with us, we will not share with them the plunder we recovered. However, each man may take his wife and children and go.”

23 David replied, “No, my brothers, you must not do that with what the Lord has given us. He has protected us and delivered into our hands the raiding party that came against us. 24 Who will listen to what you say? The share of the man who stayed with the supplies is to be the same as that of him who went down to the battle. All will share alike.w25 David made this a statute and ordinance for Israel from that day to this.

26 When David reached Ziklag, he sent some of the plunder to the elders of Judah, who were his friends, saying, “Here is a giftx for you from the plunder of the Lord’s enemies.”

27 David sent it to those who were in Bethel,y Ramothz Negev and Jattir;a 28 to those in Aroer,b Siphmoth,c Eshtemoad 29 and Rakal; to those in the towns of the Jerahmeelitese and the Kenites;f 30 to those in Hormah,g Bor Ashan,h Athak 31 and Hebron;i and to those in all the other places where he and his men had roamed.

Saul Takes His Life

31:1–13pp—2Sa 1:4–12; 1Ch 10:1–12

31 Now the Philistines fought against Israel; the Israelites fled before them, and many fell dead on Mount Gilboa.j The Philistines were in hot pursuit of Saul and his sons,k and they killed his sons Jonathan,l Abinadab and Malki-Shua.m The fighting grew fierce around Saul, and when the archers overtook him, they woundedn him critically.

Saul said to his armor-bearer, “Draw your sword and run me through,o or these uncircumcisedp fellows will come and run me through and abuse me.”

But his armor-bearer was terrified and would not do it; so Saul took his own sword and fell on it. When the armor-bearer saw that Saul was dead, he too fell on his sword and died with him. So Saul and his three sons and his armor-bearer and all his men diedq together that same day.

When the Israelites along the valley and those across the Jordan saw that the Israelite army had fled and that Saul and his sons had died, they abandoned their towns and fled. And the Philistines came and occupied them.

The next day, when the Philistinesr came to strip the dead, they found Saul and his three sons fallen on Mount Gilboa. They cut off his head and stripped off his armor, and they sent messengers throughout the land of the Philistines to proclaim the newss in the temple of their idols and among their people.t 10 They put his armor in the temple of the Ashtorethsu and fastened his body to the wall of Beth Shan.v

11 When the people of Jabesh Gileadw heard what the Philistines had done to Saul, 12 all their valiant menx marched through the night to Beth Shan. They took down the bodies of Saul and his sons from the wall of Beth Shan and went to Jabesh, where they burnedy them. 13 Then they took their bonesz and buried them under a tamariska tree at Jabesh, and they fastedb seven days.c

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