1 Kings 10:1–11:43

The Queen of Sheba Visits Solomon

10:1–13pp—2Ch 9:1–12

10 When the queen of Shebao heard about the famep of Solomon and his relationship to the Lord, she came to test Solomon with hard questions.q Arriving at Jerusalem with a very great caravanr—with camels carrying spices, large quantities of gold, and precious stones—she came to Solomon and talked with him about all that she had on her mind. Solomon answered all her questions; nothing was too hard for the king to explain to her. When the queen of Sheba saw all the wisdom of Solomon and the palace he had built, the food on his table,s the seating of his officials, the attending servants in their robes, his cupbearers, and the burnt offerings he made ata the temple of the Lord, she was overwhelmed.

She said to the king, “The report I heard in my own country about your achievements and your wisdom is true. But I did not believet these things until I came and saw with my own eyes. Indeed, not even half was told me; in wisdom and wealthu you have far exceeded the report I heard. How happy your people must be! How happy your officials, who continually stand before you and hearv your wisdom! Praisew be to the Lord your God, who has delighted in you and placed you on the throne of Israel. Because of the Lord’s eternal lovex for Israel, he has made you king to maintain justicey and righteousness.”

10 And she gave the king 120 talentsb of gold,z large quantities of spices, and precious stones. Never again were so many spices brought in as those the queen of Sheba gave to King Solomon.

11 (Hiram’s ships brought gold from Ophir;a and from there they brought great cargoes of almugwoodc and precious stones. 12 The king used the almugwood to make supportsd for the temple of the Lord and for the royal palace, and to make harps and lyres for the musicians. So much almugwood has never been imported or seen since that day.)

13 King Solomon gave the queen of Sheba all she desired and asked for, besides what he had given her out of his royal bounty. Then she left and returned with her retinue to her own country.

Solomon’s Splendor

10:14–29pp—2Ch 1:14–17; 9:13–28

14 The weight of the goldb that Solomon received yearly was 666 talents,e 15 not including the revenues from merchants and traders and from all the Arabian kings and the governors of the territories.

16 King Solomon made two hundred large shieldsc of hammered gold; six hundred shekelsf of gold went into each shield. 17 He also made three hundred small shields of hammered gold, with three minasg of gold in each shield. The king put them in the Palace of the Forest of Lebanon.d

18 Then the king made a great throne covered with ivory and overlaid with fine gold. 19 The throne had six steps, and its back had a rounded top. On both sides of the seat were armrests, with a lion standing beside each of them. 20 Twelve lions stood on the six steps, one at either end of each step. Nothing like it had ever been made for any other kingdom. 21 All King Solomon’s goblets were gold, and all the household articles in the Palace of the Forest of Lebanon were pure gold.e Nothing was made of silver, because silver was considered of little value in Solomon’s days. 22 The king had a fleet of trading shipsh f at sea along with the shipsg of Hiram. Once every three years it returned, carrying gold, silver and ivory, and apes and baboons.

23 King Solomon was greater in richesh and wisdomi than all the other kings of the earth. 24 The whole world sought audience with Solomon to hear the wisdomj God had put in his heart. 25 Year after year, everyone who came brought a giftk—articles of silver and gold, robes, weapons and spices, and horses and mules.

26 Solomon accumulated chariots and horses;l he had fourteen hundred chariots and twelve thousand horses,i which he kept in the chariot cities and also with him in Jerusalem. 27 The king made silver as commonm in Jerusalem as stones,n and cedar as plentiful as sycamore-figo trees in the foothills. 28 Solomon’s horses were imported from Egypt and from Kuej—the royal merchants purchased them from Kue at the current price. 29 They imported a chariot from Egypt for six hundred shekels of silver, and a horse for a hundred and fifty.k They also exported them to all the kings of the Hittitesp and of the Arameans.

Solomon’s Wives

11 King Solomon, however, loved many foreign womenq besides Pharaoh’s daughter—Moabites, Ammonites,r Edomites, Sidonians and Hittites. They were from nations about which the Lord had told the Israelites, “You must not intermarrys with them, because they will surely turn your hearts after their gods.” Nevertheless, Solomon held fast to them in love. He had seven hundred wives of royal birth and three hundred concubines,t and his wives led him astray.u As Solomon grew old, his wives turned his heart after other gods,v and his heart was not fully devotedw to the Lord his God, as the heart of David his father had been. He followed Ashtorethx the goddess of the Sidonians, and Moleky the detestable god of the Ammonites. So Solomon did evilz in the eyes of the Lord; he did not follow the Lord completely, as David his father had done.

On a hill easta of Jerusalem, Solomon built a high place for Chemoshb the detestable god of Moab, and for Molekc the detestable god of the Ammonites. He did the same for all his foreign wives, who burned incense and offered sacrifices to their gods.

The Lord became angry with Solomon because his heart had turned away from the Lord, the God of Israel, who had appearedd to him twice. 10 Although he had forbidden Solomon to follow other gods,e Solomon did not keep the Lord’s command.f 11 So the Lord said to Solomon, “Since this is your attitude and you have not kept my covenant and my decrees,g which I commanded you, I will most certainly tearh the kingdom away from you and give it to one of your subordinates. 12 Nevertheless, for the sake of Davidi your father, I will not do it during your lifetime. I will tear it out of the hand of your son. 13 Yet I will not tear the whole kingdom from him, but will give him one tribej for the sakek of David my servant and for the sake of Jerusalem, which I have chosen.”l

Solomon’s Adversaries

14 Then the Lord raised up against Solomon an adversary,m Hadad the Edomite, from the royal line of Edom. 15 Earlier when David was fighting with Edom, Joab the commander of the army, who had gone up to bury the dead, had struck down all the men in Edom.n 16 Joab and all the Israelites stayed there for six months, until they had destroyed all the men in Edom. 17 But Hadad, still only a boy, fled to Egypt with some Edomite officials who had served his father. 18 They set out from Midian and went to Paran.o Then taking people from Paran with them, they went to Egypt, to Pharaoh king of Egypt, who gave Hadad a house and land and provided him with food.

19 Pharaoh was so pleased with Hadad that he gave him a sister of his own wife, Queen Tahpenes, in marriage. 20 The sister of Tahpenes bore him a son named Genubath, whom Tahpenes brought up in the royal palace. There Genubath lived with Pharaoh’s own children.

21 While he was in Egypt, Hadad heard that David rested with his ancestors and that Joab the commander of the army was also dead. Then Hadad said to Pharaoh, “Let me go, that I may return to my own country.”

22 “What have you lacked here that you want to go back to your own country?” Pharaoh asked.

“Nothing,” Hadad replied, “but do let me go!”

23 And God raised up against Solomon another adversary,p Rezon son of Eliada, who had fled from his master, Hadadezerq king of Zobah. 24 When David destroyed Zobah’s army, Rezon gathered a band of men around him and became their leader; they went to Damascus,r where they settled and took control. 25 Rezon was Israel’s adversary as long as Solomon lived, adding to the trouble caused by Hadad. So Rezon ruled in Arams and was hostile toward Israel.

Jeroboam Rebels Against Solomon

26 Also, Jeroboam son of Nebat rebelledt against the king. He was one of Solomon’s officials, an Ephraimite from Zeredah, and his mother was a widow named Zeruah.

27 Here is the account of how he rebelled against the king: Solomon had built the terracesa u and had filled in the gap in the wall of the city of David his father. 28 Now Jeroboam was a man of standing,v and when Solomon saw how wellw the young man did his work, he put him in charge of the whole labor force of the tribes of Joseph.

29 About that time Jeroboam was going out of Jerusalem, and Ahijahx the prophet of Shiloh met him on the way, wearing a new cloak. The two of them were alone out in the country, 30 and Ahijah took hold of the new cloak he was wearing and torey it into twelve pieces. 31 Then he said to Jeroboam, “Take ten pieces for yourself, for this is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says: ‘See, I am going to tearz the kingdom out of Solomon’s hand and give you ten tribes. 32 But for the sakea of my servant David and the city of Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, he will have one tribe. 33 I will do this because they haveb forsaken me and worshipedb Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians, Chemosh the god of the Moabites, and Molek the god of the Ammonites, and have not walkedc in obedience to me, nor done what is right in my eyes, nor kept my decreesd and laws as David, Solomon’s father, did.

34 “ ‘But I will not take the whole kingdom out of Solomon’s hand; I have made him ruler all the days of his life for the sake of David my servant, whom I chose and who obeyed my commands and decrees. 35 I will take the kingdom from his son’s hands and give you ten tribes. 36 I will give one tribee to his son so that David my servant may always have a lampf before me in Jerusalem, the city where I chose to put my Name. 37 However, as for you, I will take you, and you will ruleg over all that your heart desires;h you will be king over Israel. 38 If you do whatever I command you and walk in obedience to me …

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