Leviticus 21:1–24:23

Regulations concerning Priests

1 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Speak to the priests, the sons of Aaron, and say to them:

aNo one shall defile himself for a dead person among his people,

2 aexcept for his relatives who are nearest to him, his mother and his father and his son and his daughter and his brother,

3 also for his virgin sister, who is near to him 1because she has had no husband; for her he may defile himself.

4 ‘He shall not defile himself as a 1relative by marriage among his people, and so profane himself.

5 aThey shall not make any baldness on their heads, bnor shave off the edges of their beards, cnor make any cuts in their flesh.

6 ‘They shall be holy to their God and anot profane the name of their God, for they present the offerings by fire 1to the Lord, bthe food of their God; so they shall be holy.

7 aThey shall not take a woman who is profaned by harlotry, nor shall they take a woman divorced from her husband; for he is holy to his God.

8 ‘You shall consecrate him, therefore, for he offers athe food of your God; he shall be holy to you; for I the Lord, who sanctifies you, am holy.

9 aAlso the daughter of any priest, if she profanes herself by harlotry, she profanes her father; she shall be burned with fire.

10 ‘The priest who is the highest among his brothers, on whose head the anointing oil has been poured and 1who has been consecrated to wear the garments, ashall not 2uncover his head nor tear his clothes;

11 anor shall he approach any dead person, nor defile himself even for his father or his mother;

12 anor shall he go out of the sanctuary nor profane the sanctuary of his God, for bthe consecration of the anointing oil of his God is on him; I am the Lord.

13 ‘He shall take a wife in her virginity.

14 aA widow, or a divorced woman, or one who is profaned by harlotry, these he may not take; but rather he is to 1marry a virgin of his own people,

15 so that he will not profane his 1offspring among his people; for I am the Lord who sanctifies him.’ ”

16 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,

17 “Speak to Aaron, saying, ‘No man of your 1offspring throughout their generations who has a defect shall approach to offer the afood of his God.

18 aFor no one who has a defect shall approach: a blind man, or a lame man, or he who has a 1adisfigured face, or any deformed limb,

19 or a man who has a broken foot or broken hand,

20 or a hunchback or a dwarf, or one who has a 1defect in his eye or eczema or scabs or acrushed testicles.

21 ‘No man among the 1descendants of Aaron the priest who has a defect is to come near to offer the Lord’s offerings by fire; since he has a defect, he shall not come near to offer athe food of his God.

22 ‘He may eat athe food of his God, both of the most holy and of the holy,

23 only he shall not go in to the veil or come near the altar because he has a defect, so that he will not profane My sanctuaries. For I am the Lord who sanctifies them.’ ”

24 So Moses spoke to Aaron and to his sons and to all the sons of Israel.

Chapter 22

Sundry Rules for Priests

1 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,

2 “Tell Aaron and his sons to be careful with the holy gifts of the sons of Israel, which they dedicate to Me, so as not to profane My holy name; I am the Lord.

3 “Say to them, ‘aIf any man among all your 1descendants throughout your generations approaches the holy gifts which the sons of Israel dedicate to the Lord, while he has an uncleanness, that person shall be cut off from before Me; I am the Lord.

4 aNo man of the 1descendants of Aaron, who is a leper or who has a discharge, may eat of the holy gifts until he is clean. bAnd if one touches anything made unclean by a corpse or if ca man has a seminal emission,

5 or aif a man touches any teeming things by which he is made unclean, or any man by whom he is made unclean, whatever his uncleanness;

6 a 1person who touches any such shall be unclean until evening, and shall not eat of the holy gifts unless he has bathed his 2body in water.

7 ‘But when the sun sets, he will be clean, and afterward he shall eat of the holy gifts, for ait is his 1food.

8 ‘He shall not eat aan animal which dies or is torn by beasts, becoming unclean by it; I am the Lord.

9 ‘They shall therefore keep aMy charge, so that bthey will not bear sin because of it and die thereby because they profane it; I am the Lord who sanctifies them.

10 aNo 1layman, however, is to eat the holy gift; a sojourner with the priest or a hired man shall not eat of the holy gift.

11 aBut if a priest buys a 1slave as his property with his money, 2that one may eat of it, and those who are born in his house may eat of his 3food.

12 ‘If a priest’s daughter is married to a 1layman, she shall not eat of the 2offering of the gifts.

13 ‘But if a priest’s daughter becomes a widow or divorced, and has no child and returns to her father’s house as in her youth, she shall eat of her father’s 1food; abut no 2layman shall eat of it.

14 aBut if a man eats a holy gift unintentionally, then he shall add to it a fifth of it and shall give the holy gift to the priest.

15 aThey shall not profane the holy gifts of the sons of Israel which they offer to the Lord,

16 and so cause them ato bear 1punishment for guilt by eating their holy gifts; for I am the Lord who sanctifies them.’ ”

Flawless Animals for Sacrifice

17 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,

18 “Speak to Aaron and to his sons and to all the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘aAny man of the house of Israel or of the aliens in Israel who presents his offering, whether it is any of their 1votive or any of their freewill offerings, which they present to the Lord for a burnt offering—

19 afor you to be accepted—it must be a male without defect from the cattle, the sheep, or the goats.

20 aWhatever has a defect, you shall not offer, for it will not be accepted for you.

21 ‘When a man offers a sacrifice of peace offerings to the Lord ato 1fulfill a special vow or for a freewill offering, of the herd or of the flock, it must be perfect to be accepted; there shall be no defect in it.

22 ‘Those that are blind or fractured or maimed or having a running sore or eczema or scabs, you shall not offer to the Lord, nor make of them an offering by fire on the altar to the Lord.

23 ‘In respect to an ox or a lamb which has an 1overgrown or stunted member, you may present it for a freewill offering, but for a vow it will not be accepted.

24 ‘Also aanything with its testicles bruised or crushed or torn or cut, you shall not offer to the Lord, or 1sacrifice in your land,

25 nor shall you accept any such from the hand of a foreigner for offering aas the 1food of your God; for their corruption is in them, they have a defect, they shall not be accepted for you.’ ”

26 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,

27 “When an ox or a sheep or a goat is born, it shall 1remain aseven days 2with its mother, and from the eighth day on it shall be accepted as a sacrifice of an offering by fire to the Lord.

28 aBut, whether it is an ox or a sheep, you shall not kill both it and its young in one day.

29 “When you sacrifice aa sacrifice of thanksgiving to the Lord, you shall sacrifice it so that you may be accepted.

30 “It shall be eaten on the same day, you shall leave none of it until morning; I am the Lord.

31 aSo you shall keep My commandments, and do them; I am the Lord.

32 “You shall not profane My holy name, but I will be sanctified among the sons of Israel; I am the Lord who sanctifies you,

33 awho brought you out from the land of Egypt, to be your God; I am the Lord.”

Chapter 23

Laws of Religious Festivals

1 The Lord spoke again to Moses, saying,

2 “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘aThe Lord’s appointed times which you shall bproclaim as holy convocations—My appointed times are these:

3 aFor six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete rest, a holy convocation. You shall not do any work; it is a sabbath to the Lord in all your dwellings.

4 ‘These are the aappointed times of the Lord, holy convocations which you shall proclaim at the times appointed for them.

5 aIn the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month 1at twilight is the Lord’s Passover.

6 ‘Then on the fifteenth day of the same month there is the aFeast of Unleavened Bread to the Lord; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread.

7 ‘On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall anot do any laborious work.

8 ‘But for seven days you shall present an offering by fire to the Lord. On the seventh day is a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work.’ ”

9 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,

10 “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘When you enter the land which I am going to give to you and areap its harvest, then you shall bring in the sheaf of the first fruits of your harvest to the priest.

11 ‘He shall wave the sheaf before the Lord for you to be accepted; on the day after the sabbath the priest shall wave it.

12 ‘Now on the day when you wave the sheaf, you shall offer a male lamb one year old without defect for a burnt offering to the Lord.

13 ‘Its agrain offering shall then be two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil, an offering by fire to the Lord for a soothing aroma, with its drink offering, a fourth of a 1hin of wine.

14 ‘Until this same day, until you have brought in the offering of your God, ayou shall eat neither bread nor roasted grain nor new growth. It is to be a perpetual statute throughout your generations in all your dwelling places.

15 aYou shall also count for yourselves from the day after the sabbath, from the day when you brought in the sheaf of the wave offering; there shall be seven complete sabbaths.

16 ‘You shall count fifty days to the day after the seventh sabbath; then you shall present a anew grain offering to the Lord.

17 ‘You shall bring in from your dwelling places two loaves of bread for a wave offering, made of two-tenths of an 1ephah; they shall be of a fine flour, baked awith leaven as first fruits to the Lord.

18 ‘Along with the bread you shall …

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