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5 Let me sing for my beloved
a song of my love concerning his vineyard:
and he planted it with choice vines,c
and he built a watchtower in the middle of it,
and he even hewed out a wine vat in it,
and he waited for it to yield grapes—
but it yielded wild grapes.
and mend of Judah, judge between me and my vineyard.
Why did I hope for it to yield grapes, and it yielded wild grapes?
I will remove its hedge, and it shall become a devastation.
I will break down its wall, and it shall become a trampling.
it shall not be pruned and hoed,
And concerning the clouds, I will command ⌊them not to send⌋g rain down upon it.
and the manh of Judah is the plantation of his delight.
And he waited for justice,i
but look! Bloodshed!j
but look! A cry of distress!l
8 Ah! Those who ⌊join⌋m house with house,
they join field together with field
until ⌊there is no place⌋n
and you are caused to dwell alone in the midst of the land.
⌊Surely⌋o many houses shall become a desolation,
large and beautiful ones without inhabitant.
10 For ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath,p
and the seed of a homer will yield an ephah.q
they pursue strong drink.
Those who linger in the evening,
wine inflames them.
tambourine and flute,
and wine at their feasts,
but they do not look at the deedsr of Yahweh,
and they do not see the work of his hands.
and theiru multitude is parched with thirst.
and it has opened wide its mouth without limit,
her tumult and those who revel in her.
and man is brought low,
and the eyes of the haughty are humiliated.
and the holy God shows himself holy by righteousness.
and sin as with rope of the cart,
“Let him make haste;
let him hurry his work
so that we may see it
and let it draw near
and let the plan of the holy one of Israel come
so that we may know it!”
those who put darkness for light and light for darkness,
those who put bitter for sweet and sweet for bitter!
and have understanding ⌊in their view⌋!z
and men of capability at mixing strong drink!
and remove the justice of the innocent from him.
and dry grass sinks down in the flame,
so their root will become like the stench,
and their blossom will go up like the dust.
For they have rejected the instruction of Yahweh of hosts,
and they have treated the word of the holy one of Israel with contempt.
25 Therefore ⌊Yahweh’s wrath was kindled⌋a against his people,
and the mountains quaked,
and their corpsesd were like refuse in the middle of the streets.
Yahweh’s Outstretched Hand
In all of this his anger has not turned back,
and still his hand is stretched out.
26 And he will raise a signal for a natione from afar,
and he will whistle for it from the end of the earth.
And look! It comes quickly, swiftly!
and none among him stumbles;
none slumbers and none sleeps.
And no loincloth on his waist is opened,
and no thong of his sandals is drawn away.
and all of his bows are bent.
The hoofs of his horses are reckoned like flint,
and his wheels like the storm wind.
and he roars like young lions.
And he growls and seizes his prey,
and he carries it off,
and not one can rescue it.
like the roaring of the sea,
and if one looks to the land, look! Darkness! Distress!
And the light grows dark with itsf clouds.
Literally “A vineyard was for my beloved”
Literally “a horn of a son of olive oil.” The Hebrew for horn, qeren, sounds like the Hebrew for vineyard, kerem
Literally “from sending”
The Hebrew word, mishpat, sounds like mishpakh in the next line
The Hebrew word, mishpakh, sounds like mishpat in the previous line
The Hebrew word, tsedaqah, sounds like tsa`aqah in the next line
The Hebrew word, tsa`aqah, sounds like tsedaqah in the previous line
Literally “an end of place”
Literally “If not”
A bath is a liquid measure
An ephah is a dry measure equal to one-tenth of a homer
That is, Jerusalem’s
Following the Septuagint, which reads the Hebrew grym (resident aliens) as gdym (young goats/sheep)
Literally “and ruins, fatlings, resident aliens, will eat”
Literally “before their faces”
Literally “the anger of Yahweh became hot”
The Hebrew is plural, but the following verses refer to the nation as singular
Presumably the land’s
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