11 ⌊It came about in the spring⌋,a at the time ⌊kings⌋b go out, David sent Joab and his servants with him and all of Israel. They ravaged all of the ⌊Ammonites⌋c and besieged Rabbah, but David was remaining in Jerusalem.
Literally “And it happened at the turn of the year”
According to the reading tradition (Qere); Kethib has “angels” or “messengers”
Literally “sons/children of Ammon”