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King James Version

Exodus 18:1–21:21

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When aJethro, bthe priest of Midian, Moses’ father in law, heard of all that God had done for Moses, and for Israel his people, and that the Lord had brought Israel out of Egypt; Then Jethro, Moses’ father in law, took Zipporah, Moses’ wife, cafter he had sent her back, And her dtwo sons; of which the name of the one was ||Gershom; for he said, I have been an alien in a strange land: And the name of the other was ||Eliezer; for the God of my father, esaid he, was mine help, and delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh: And Jethro, Moses’ father in law, came with his sons and his wife unto Moses into the wilderness, where he encamped at fthe mount of God: And he said unto Moses, I thy father in law Jethro am come unto thee, and thy wife, and her two sons with her. And Moses gwent out to meet his father in law, and did obeisance, and hkissed him; and they asked each other of their welfare; and they came into the tent. And Moses told his father in law all that the Lord had done unto Pharaoh and to the Egyptians for Israel’s sake, and all the travail that had come upon them by the way, and how the Lord delivered them. And Jethro irejoiced for all the goodness which the Lord had done to Israel, whom he had delivered out of the hand of the Egyptians. 10 And Jethro said, kBlessed be the Lord, who hath delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of Pharaoh, who hath delivered the people from under the hand of the Egyptians. 11 Now I know that the Lord is lgreater than all gods: mfor in the thing wherein they ndealt proudly he was above them. 12 And Jethro, Moses’ father in law, took a burnt offering and sacrifices for God: and Aaron came, and all the elders of Israel, to eat bread with Moses’ father in law obefore God.

13 And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses sat to judge the people: and the people stood by Moses from the morning unto the evening. 14 And when Moses’ father in law saw all that he did to the people, he said, What is this thing that thou doest to the people? why sittest thou thyself alone, and all the people stand by thee from morning unto even? 15 And Moses said unto his father in law, Because pthe people come unto me to inquire of God: 16 When they have qa matter, they come unto me; and I judge between one and another, and I do rmake them know the statutes of God, and his laws. 17 And Moses’ father in law said unto him, The thing that thou doest is not good. 18 Thou wilt surely wear away, both thou, and this people that is with thee: for this thing is too heavy for thee; sthou art not able to perform it thyself alone. 19 Hearken now unto my voice, I will give thee counsel, and tGod shall be with thee: Be thou ufor the people to God-ward, that thou mayest xbring the causes unto God: 20 And thou shalt yteach them ordinances and laws, and shalt shew them zthe way wherein they must walk, and athe work that they must do. 21 Moreover thou shalt provide out of all the people bable men, such as cfear God, dmen of truth, ehating covetousness; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, and rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens: 22 And let them judge the people fat all seasons: gand it shall be, that every great matter they shall bring unto thee, but every small matter they shall judge: so shall it be easier for thyself, and they shall bear hthe burden with thee. 23 If thou shalt do this thing, and God command thee so, then thou shalt be iable to endure, and all this people shall also go to ktheir place in peace. 24 So Moses hearkened to the voice of his father in law, and did all that he had said. 25 And lMoses chose able men out of all Israel, and made them heads over the people, rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens. 26 And they judged the people mat all seasons: the hard causes they brought unto Moses, but every small matter they judged themselves. 27 And Moses let his father in law depart; and nhe went his way into his own land.

19 In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day acame they into the wilderness of Sinai. For they were departed from bRephidim, and were come to the desert of Sinai, and had pitched in the wilderness; and there Israel camped before cthe mount. And dMoses went up unto God, and the Lord ecalled unto him out of the mountain, saying, Thus shalt thou say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel; fYe have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how gI bare you on eagles’ wings, and brought you unto myself. Now htherefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a ipeculiar treasure unto me above all people: for kall the earth is mine: And ye shall be unto me a lkingdom of priests, and an mholy nation. These are the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel. And Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and laid before their faces all these words which the Lord commanded him. And nall the people answered together, and said, All that the Lord hath spoken we will do. And Moses returned the words of the people unto the Lord. And the Lord said unto Moses, Lo, I come unto thee oin a thick cloud, pthat the people may hear when I speak with thee, and qbelieve thee for ever. And Moses told the words of the people unto the Lord.

10 And the Lord said unto Moses, Go unto the people, and rsanctify them to day and to morrow, and let them swash their clothes, 11 And be ready against the third day: for the third day the Lord twill come down in the sight of all the people upon mount Sinai. 12 And thou shalt set bounds unto the people round about, saying, Take heed to yourselves, that ye go not up into the mount, or touch the border of it: uwhosoever toucheth the mount shall be surely put to death: 13 There shall not an hand touch it, but he shall surely be stoned, or shot through; whether it be beast or man, it shall not live: when the ||xtrumpet soundeth long, they shall come up to the mount. 14 And Moses ywent down from the mount unto the people, and sanctified the people; and they washed their clothes. 15 And he said unto the people, zBe ready against the third day: acome not at your wives. 16 And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were bthunders and lightnings, and a cthick cloud upon the mount, and the dvoice of the trumpet exceeding loud; so that all the people that was in the camp etrembled. 17 And fMoses brought forth the people out of the camp to meet with God; and they stood at the nether part of the mount. 18 And mount Sinai gwas altogether on a smoke, because the Lord descended upon it hin fire: iand the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and kthe whole mount quaked greatly. 19 And lwhen the voice of the trumpet sounded long, and waxed louder and louder, Moses spake, and mGod answered him by a voice. 20 And the Lord came down upon mount Sinai, on the top of the mount: and the Lord called Moses up to the top of the mount; and Moses went up. 21 And the Lord said unto Moses, Go down, charge the people, lest they break through unto the Lord nto gaze, and many of them perish. 22 And let the priests also, which come near to the Lord, osanctify themselves, lest the Lord pbreak forth upon them. 23 And Moses said unto the Lord, The people cannot come up to mount Sinai: for thou chargedst us, saying, qSet bounds about the mount, and sanctify it. 24 And the Lord said unto him, Away, get thee down, and thou shalt come up, thou, and Aaron with thee: but let not the priests and the people break through to come up unto the Lord, lest he break forth upon them. 25 So Moses went down unto the people, and spake unto them.

20 aAnd bGod spake all these words, saying, cI am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. dThou shalt have no other gods before me. Thou shalt not make unto thee any egraven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: fThou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am ga jealous God, hvisiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; And ishewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments. kThou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. lRemember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. mSix days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: 10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nnor thy stranger that is within thy gates: 11 For oin six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it. 12 pHonour thy father and thy mother: qthat thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee. 13 rThou shalt not kill. 14 sThou shalt not commit adultery. 15 tThou shalt not steal. 16 uThou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour. 17 wThou shalt not covet xthy neighbour’s house, ythou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour’s.

18 And zall the people saw the thunderings, and the alightnings, and the noise of the trumpet, and the mountain bsmoking: and when the people saw it, they removed, and stood afar off. 19 And they said unto Moses, cSpeak thou with us, and we will hear: but dlet not God speak with us, lest we die. 20 And Moses said unto the people, eFear not: for God is come to fprove you, and gthat his fear may be before your faces, that ye sin not. 21 And the people stood afar off…

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a

ch. 2:18. & 3:1.

b

ver. 12. See ch. 2:16.

c

Comp. ch. 4:26.

d
||

That is, A stranger there. See ch. 2:22.

||

That is, My God is a help. ch. 2:15.

e
f

ch. 3:1, 12.

g
h

Heb. peace. See Gen. 37:14. & 43:27. 2 Sam. 11:7. & 18:28 marg.

Heb. found them. See Gen. 44:34 marg.

i

Job 3:6 marg.

k
l
m

ch. 1:10, 16, 22. & 5:2, 7. & 14:18.

n
o
p
q

Heb. a man and his fellow. So ver. 7 (Heb.). ch. 21:18 marg.

r

Lev. 24:15. Num. 15:35. & 27:6, &c. & 36:6, &c.

Heb. Fading thou wilt fade.

s
t

ch. 3:12.

u

ch. 4:16. Comp. ch. 20:19. Deut. 5:5.

x
y

Ps. 19:11 (Heb.). Ezek. 33:3, &c. (Heb.).

z
a
b
c
d
e
f

ver. 26.

g
h
i

ver. 18.

k
l
m

ver. 22.

n

Comp. Num. 10:29, 30.

a
b

ch. 17:1, 8.

c

ch. 3:1, 12.

d

ch. 20:21. Comp. Acts 7:38.

e

ch. 3:4.

f
g
h
i
k
l
m
n

ch. 24:3, 7. Deut. 5:27. & 26:17.

o

So ver. 16. ch. 20:21. & 24:15, 16. Deut. 4:11. Ps. 18:11, 12. & 97:2. Comp. Matt. 17:5, &c.

p
q

ch. 14:31.

r
s

ver. 14. So Gen. 35:2. See Lev. 15:5.

t

ver. 16, 18. So ch. 34:5.

u

Cited Heb. 12:20.

||

Or, cornet.

x

So ver. 16, 19.

y

ver. 3.

z

ver. 11.

a
b
c

So ver. 9.

d
e
f
g
h
i
k
l

So ver. 13.

m

Heb. contest. So ver. 23.

n

Comp. ch. 3:6. 1 Sam. 6:19.

o
p

2 Sam. 6:8 (Heb.).

Heb. contest. So ver. 23.

q

ver. 12. Comp. Josh. 3:4.

a
b
c

Heb. servants. So ch. 13:3 marg.

d
e
f
g
h
i

So ch. 34:7. Deut. 7:9.

k
l
m
n
o
p
q

So ch. 23:26. Cited Eph. 6:3.

r
s
t
u
w

Cited Rom. 7:7. & 13:9.

x
y
z
a

Gen. 15:17 (Heb.). Compare Deut. 4:12 marg.

b

ch. 19:18.

c
d
e
f
g