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King James Version

Ecclesiastes 1:1–3:8

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*The words of the aPreacher, the son of David, bking in Jerusalem.

cVanity of vanities, saith the aPreacher, cvanity of vanities; dall is evanity. fWhat profit hath a man gof all his labour which he taketh under the sun?

hOne generation passeth away, and another generation cometh: but ithe earth abideth for ever. kThe sun also ariseth, and the sun goeth down, and hasteth to his place where he arose. lThe wind goeth toward mthe south, and turneth about unto the north; it whirleth about continually, and the wind returneth again according to his circuits. nAll the rivers run into the sea; yet the sea is not full; unto the place ofrom whence the rivers come, thither they return again. All things are full of labour; man cannot utter it: pthe eye is not satisfied with seeing, nor the ear filled with hearing. qThe thing that hath been, it is that which shall be; and that which is done is that which shall be done: and there is no new thing under the sun. 10 Is there any thing whereof it may be said, See, this is new? it hath been ralready of old time, which was before us. 11 There is sno remembrance of former things; neither shall there be any remembrance of things that are to come with those that shall come after.

12 I the aPreacher was tking over Israel in Jerusalem. 13 And uI gave my heart to seek and search out by wisdom concerning all things that are done vunder heaven: wthis sore xtravail hath God given to the sons of man ||to be exercised therewith. 14 I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and, behold, all is eyvanity and yvexation of spirit. 15 zThat which is crooked cannot be made straight: and that which is wanting cannot be numbered. 16 I communed with mine own heart, saying, Lo, aI am come to great estate, and have agotten more wisdom than all they that have been before me in Jerusalem: yea, my heart had great experience of wisdom and knowledge. 17 And bI gave my heart to know wisdom, and to know cmadness and dfolly: I perceived that this also is evexation of spirit. 18 For fin much wisdom is much ggrief: and he that increaseth knowledge increaseth gsorrow.

2 I said in mine heart, Go to now, I will prove thee with mirth, therefore aenjoy pleasure: and, behold, this also is vanity. bI said of laughter, It is cmad: and of mirth, What doeth it? dI sought in mine heart to give myself unto wine, ddyet acquainting mine heart with wisdom; and to lay hold on efolly, till I might see what was that good for the sons of men, which they should do under the heaven all the days of their life. I made me great works; fI builded me houses; gI planted me vineyards: I made me hgardens and iorchards, and I planted trees in them of all kind of fruits: I made me pools of water, to water therewith the wood that bringeth forth trees: I kgot me servants and maidens, and had servants born in my house; also I had great possessions of lgreat and small cattle above all that were min Jerusalem before me: nI gathered me also silver and gold, and the opeculiar treasure of pkings and of the qprovinces: I gat me rmen singers and women singers, and the sdelights of the sons of men, as musical instruments, and that of all sorts. So tI was great, and increased more than all that were before me min Jerusalem: also umy wisdom remained with me. 10 And whatsoever mine eyes desired I xkept not from them, I withheld not my heart from any joy; for my heart rejoiced in all my labour: and ythis was my portion of all my labour. 11 Then I looked on all the works that my hands had wrought, and on the labour that I had laboured to do: and, behold, all was zvanity and vexation of spirit, and there was no aprofit under the sun.

12 And I turned myself to behold wisdom, and bmadness, and cfolly: for what can the man do that cometh ccafter the king? ||deven that which hath been ealready done. 13 Then I saw that wisdom excelleth cfolly, as far as light aexcelleth darkness. 14 fThe wise man’s eyes are in his head; but the fool walketh in darkness: and I myself perceived also gthat hone event happeneth to them all. 15 Then said I in my heart, As hit happeneth to the fool, so it happeneth even to me; and why was I then imore wise? Then I said in my heart, that this also is vanity. 16 For there is jno remembrance of the wise more than of the fool for ever; seeing that which enow is in the days to come shall all be forgotten. And ghow dieth the wise man? as the fool. 17 Therefore I hated life; because the work that is wrought under the sun is grievous unto me: for all is kvanity and vexation of spirit. 18 Yea, I hated all my labour which I had taken under the sun: because lI should leave it unto the man that shall be mafter me. 19 And lwho knoweth whether he shall be a wise man or a fool? yet shall he have rule over all my labour wherein I have laboured, and wherein I have shewed myself wise under the sun. This is also vanity. 20 Therefore I mmwent about to cause my heart to despair of all the labour which I took under the sun. 21 For there is a man whose labour is in wisdom, and in knowledge, and in nequity; yet to a man that hath not laboured therein shall he leave it for his portion. This also is vanity and a great evil. 22 For what hath man oof all his labour, and of the pvexation of his heart, wherein he hath laboured under the sun? 23 For all qhis days are rsorrows, and his stravail rgrief; yea, his heart taketh not rest in the night. This is also vanity.

24 tThere is nothing better for a man, than that he should eat and drink, and that he ||should make his soul uenjoy good in his labour. This also I saw, wthat it was from the hand of God. 25 For who can eat, or who else can hasten hereunto, more than I? 26 For xGod giveth to a man that is good in his sight wisdom, and knowledge, and joy: but to the sinner he giveth stravail, lto gather and to heap up, ythat he may give to him that is good before God. This also is zvanity and vexation of spirit.

3 To every thing there is a season, and aa time to every bpurpose under the heaven:

A time to be born, and a time to cdie;

A time to plant, and a time to dpluck up that which is planted;

A time to kill, and a time to heal;

A time to break down, and a time to build up;

A time to weep, and a time eto laugh;

A time to mourn, and a time to dance;

A time fto cast away stones, and a time to gather stones together;

A time to embrace, and a time gto refrain from embracing;

A time to ||get, and a time to lose;

A time to keep, and a time to cast away;

A time to hrend, and a time to sew;

A time ito keep silence, and a time to speak;

A time to love, and a time to hate;

A time of war, and a time of peace.

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*

a

ver. 2, 12. ch. 7:27. & 12:8, 9, 10. Comp. Heb. of 1 Kin. 8:1. 2 Chr. 5:2.

b

ver. 12.

c

ch. 12:8. Comp. Ex. 40:10 marg. Cant. 1:1.

a

ver. 2, 12. ch. 7:27. & 12:8, 9, 10. Comp. Heb. of 1 Kin. 8:1. 2 Chr. 5:2.

c

ch. 12:8. Comp. Ex. 40:10 marg. Cant. 1:1.

d
e

ver. 14, &c. Job 7:16. Ps. 39:5, 6, 11. & 62:9. & 144:4.

f

ch. 3:9. & 5:16. So ch. 2:11, 13 (Heb.). & 5:9. & 7:12 (Heb.). & 10:10, 11 (Heb.) only.

g
h
i
k

Comp. Ps. 19:5, 6.

Heb. panteth. Ps. 119:131. Amos 2:7.

l

See ch. 11:5.

m
n
o

Comp. Job 36:27, 28.

Heb. return to go. Not so ver. 6.

p
q

ch. 3:15. So ch. 2:12.

r

ch. 2:12, 16 (Heb.). & 3:15. & 4:2. & 6:10. & 9:6, 7 (Heb.).

s

ch. 2:16.

a

ver. 2, 12. ch. 7:27. & 12:8, 9, 10. Comp. Heb. of 1 Kin. 8:1. 2 Chr. 5:2.

t

ver. 1. ch. 2:7, 9.

u

See ver. 17.

v

Comp. 1 Kin. 4:33.

w

ch. 3:10.

x

ch. 2:23, 26. & 3:10. & 4:8. & 5:3 (Heb.), 14. & 8:16 (Heb.) only.

||

Or, to afflict them. ch. 3:10.

e

ver. 14, &c. Job 7:16. Ps. 39:5, 6, 11. & 62:9. & 144:4.

y

ch. 2:11, 17, 26. & 4:4, (6). & 6:9 only. So ver. 17. & ch. 2:22. & 4:16.

y

ch. 2:11, 17, 26. & 4:4, (6). & 6:9 only. So ver. 17. & ch. 2:22. & 4:16.

z

See ch. 7:13.

Heb. defect.

a

So ch. 2:9 (Heb.). Comp. 1 Kin. 3:12, 13. & 4:30. & 10:7, 23.

a

So ch. 2:9 (Heb.). Comp. 1 Kin. 3:12, 13. & 4:30. & 10:7, 23.

Heb. had seen much.

b

So ver. 12. ch. 2:3, 12. & 7:23, 25. Comp. 1 Thes. 5:21.

c

ch. 2:12. & 7:25. & 9:3. So ch. 10:13.

d

See ch. 2:3.

e

See ver. 14.

f
g

ch. 2:23.

g

ch. 2:23.

a

Ps. 34:12 (Heb.). ch. 3:13. & 5:18. & 6:6 (Heb.). & 9:9 marg. So ver. 24.

b

So Prov. 14:13. ch. 7:6.

c
d

See ch. 1:17.

Heb. to draw my flesh with wine.

dd

Comp. ver. 9.

e

ver. 12, 13. ch. 7:25 (Heb.). & 10:1, 13 (Heb.). So ch. 1:17.

Heb. the number of the days of their life. ch. 5:18. & 6:12.

f
g
h
i
k

Heb. sons of my house. Ge. 15:3 (Heb.). See Gen. 14:14.

l

1 Kin. 4:20 (Heb.).

m

See ch. 1:12.

n
o

See Ex. 19:5.

p
q
r
s

Heb. musical instrument and instruments.

t

So ch. 1:16 (Heb.). Comp. 1 Chr. 29:25.

m

See ch. 1:12.

u

Comp. ver. 3.

x
y

ch. 3:22. & 5:18. & 9:9.

z

See ch. 1:14.

a

See ch. 1:3.

b

ch. 7:25. See ch. 1:17.

c

See ver. 3.

cc

Comp. ver. 18?

||

Or, in those things which have been already done.

d

See ch. 1:9.

e

See ch. 1:10.

Heb. that there is an a excellency in wisdom more than in folly, &c.

c

See ver. 3.

a

See ch. 1:3.

f

Prov. 17:24. So ch. 8:1.

g
h

ch. 3:19 (Heb.). & 9:2, 3, 11. So ver. 15 (Heb.).

h

ch. 3:19 (Heb.). & 9:2, 3, 11. So ver. 15 (Heb.).

Heb. happeneth to me, even to me.

i

ch. 6:8, 11. & 7:11, 16. & 12:9, 12. Esth. 6:6 in the Heb.

j

ch. 1:11.

e

See ch. 1:10.

g
k

See ch. 1:14.

Heb. laboured. ch. 9:9. So ch. 1:3. ver. 20.

l

See Ps. 39:6.

m

Comp. ver. 12?

l

See Ps. 39:6.

mm

So ch. 7:25 marg.

n

ch. 4:4. & 5:11 in the Heb. Comp. ch. 11:6 marg.

Heb. give. Je. 40:11 (Heb.).

o

ch. 1:3. So ch. 3:9.

p

See ch. 1:14.

q

See Job 14:1.

r

ch. 1:18.

s

See ch. 1:13.

r

ch. 1:18.

t

ch. 3:12, 13, 22. So ch. 5:18. & 8:15. & 9:7. & 11. Ecclus. 14:14. Luke 12:19. 1 Cor. 15:32. Comp. 1 Tim. 6:17.

||

Or, delight his senses.

u

See ver. 1.

w

See ch. 3:13.

x

See Job 32:8.

Heb. before him. Gen. 7:1. Luke 1:6.

s

See ch. 1:13.

l

See Ps. 39:6.

y
z

See ch. 1:14.

a

ver. 17. ch. 8:6.

b

ver. 17. ch. 5:4 (Heb.), 8. & 8:6. & 12:1 (Heb.), 10 marg.

Heb. to bear. Gen. 4:2, &c.

c

Heb. 9:27. Comp. ver. 20.

d
e
f

2 Kin. 3:25 (Heb.).

g

Heb. to be far from. Job 21:16, &c.

||

Or, seek. ver. 15 (Heb.).

h
i