tn Heb “he”; the referent (Jacob) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
tn Heb “swear on oath to me.” The words “that you will do so” have been supplied in the translation for clarity.
tn Heb “he”; the referent (Joseph) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
tn Heb “swore on oath to him.”
sn The Hebrew verb normally means “bow down,” especially in worship or prayer. Here it might simply mean “bend low,” perhaps from weakness or approaching death. The narrative is ambiguous at this point and remains open to all these interpretations.