tnAram “Osnappar” (so ASV, NASB, NRSV), another name for Ashurbanipal.
snAshurbanipal succeeded his father Esarhaddon as king of Assyria in 669 B.C. Around 645 b.c. he sacked the city of Susa, capital of Elam, and apparently some of these people were exiled to Samaria and other places.
tc The translation reads with the ancient versions the plural בְּקֻרְיַהּ (béquryah, “in the cities”) rather than the singular (“in the city”) of the MT.
tnAram “beyond the river.” In Ezra this term is a technical designation for the region west of the Euphrates river.