What does the Great Commission have to do with mobile devices? More than you might think.
4:26 I invoke heaven and earth as witnesses against you45 today that you will surely and swiftly be removed46 from the very land you are about to cross the Jordan to possess. You will not last long there because you will surely be47 annihilated.
sn I invoke heaven and earth as witnesses against you. This stock formula introduces what is known form-critically as a רִיב (riv) or controversy pattern. It is commonly used in the ancient Near Eastern world in legal contexts and in the OT as a forensic or judicial device to draw attention to Israel’s violation of the Lord’s covenant with them (see Deut 30:19; Isa 1:2; 3:13; Jer 2:9). Since court proceedings required the testimony of witnesses, the Lord here summons heaven and earth (that is, all creation) to testify to his faithfulness, Israel’s disobedience, and the threat of judgment.
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