enraging me with their worthless gods;42
so I will make them jealous with a people they do not recognize,43
with a nation slow to learn44 I will enrage them.
sn They have made me jealous. The “jealousy” of God is not a spirit of pettiness prompted by his insecurity, but righteous indignation caused by the disloyalty of his people to his covenant grace (see note on the word “God” in Deut 4:24). The jealousy of Israel, however (see next line), will be envy because of God’s lavish attention to another nation. This is an ironic wordplay. See H. Peels, NIDOTTE 3:938–39.
tn Heb “what is not a god,” or a “nondeity.”