2 Corinthians 1:1–3:18


Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by God’s will,a and Timothyb ourA brother:

To the church of God at Corinth,c with all the saints who are throughout Achaia.d

Grace to you and peacee from God our Fatherf and the Lord Jesus Christ.


Blessed beg the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of merciesh and the God of all comfort.i He comforts us in all our affliction,B so that we may be able to comfort those who are in any kind of affliction, through the comfort we ourselves receive from God. For just as the sufferingsj of Christk overflow to us, so also through Christ our comfort overflows.l If we are afflicted,m it is for your comfort and salvation. If we are comforted, it is for your comfort, which produces in you patient endurance of the same sufferings that we suffer.n And our hopeo for you is firm, because we know that as you sharep in the sufferings, so you will also share in the comfort.

We don’t want you to be unaware, brothers and sisters, of our affliction that took place in Asia.q We were completely overwhelmed—beyond our strengthr—so that we even despaireds of life itself. Indeed, we felt that we had received the sentence of death, so that we would not trust in ourselves but in Godt who raisesu the dead. 10 He has deliveredv us from such a terrible death,w and he will deliver us. We have put our hope in him that he will deliver us again 11 while you join in helping us by your prayers. Then many will give thanks on ourC behalf for the gift that came to us through the prayers of many.


12 Indeed, this is our boast: The testimonyx of our consciencey is that we have conducted ourselves in the world, and especially toward you, with godly sincerity and purity, not by human wisdomz but by God’s grace.aa 13 For we are writing nothing to you other than what you can read and also understand. I hope you will understand completely—14 just as you have partially understood us—that we are your reason for pride,ab just as you also are oursac in the day of ourD Lord Jesus.ad


15 Because of this confidence, I planned to come to you first,ae so that you could have a second benefit,E 16 and to visit you on my way to Macedonia,af and then come to you again from Macedonia and be helped by youag on my journeyah to Judea.ai 17 Now when I planned this, was I of two minds? Or what I plan, do I plan in a purely humanF,aj way so that I say “Yes, yes” and “No, no” at the same time? 18 As God is faithful,ak our message to you is not “Yes and no.” 19 For the Son of God,al Jesus Christ, whom we proclaimed among you—Silvanus,* am Timothy, and I—did not become “Yes and no.” On the contrary, in him it is always “Yes.”an 20 For every one of God’s promisesao is “Yes” in him. Therefore, through him we also say “Amen”ap to the glory of God.aq 21 Now it is God who strengthens us together with you in Christ, and who has anointedar us. 22 He has also put his seal on us and given us the Spirit in our heartsas as a down payment.at

23 I call on God as a witness,au on my life, that it was to spare you that I did not come to Corinth.av 24 I do not mean that we lord it over your faith, but we are workers with you for your joy, because you stand firm in youraw faith. In fact, I made up my mind about this: I would not come to you on another painful visit.H For if I cause you pain, then who will cheer me other than the one being hurt by me?I I wrote this very thing so that when I came I wouldn’t have pain from those who ought to give me joy, because I am confidentax about all of you that my joy will also be yours. For I wrote to you with many tears out of an extremely troubled and anguished heart—not to cause you pain, but that you should know the abundant love I have for you.


If anyone has caused pain, he has caused pain not so much to me but to some degree—not to exaggeratea—to all of you. This punishment by the majority is sufficient for that person. As a result, you should instead forgiveb and comfort him. Otherwise, he may be overwhelmed by excessive grief. Therefore I urge you to reaffirm your love to him. I wrote for this purpose: to test your characterc to see if you are obedientd in everything. 10 Anyone you forgive, I do too. For what I have forgiven—if I have forgiven anything—it is for your benefit in the presence of Christ, 11 so that we may not be taken advantagee of by Satan. For we are not ignorant of his schemes.


12 When I came to Troasf to preach the gospel of Christ, even though the Lord opened a doorg for me, 13 I had no resth in my spirit because I did not find my brother Titus.i Instead, I said good-bye to them and left for Macedonia.i


14 But thanks be to God,k who always leads us in Christ’s triumphal procession and through us spreads the aroma of the knowledge of him in every place.l 15 For to God we are the fragrancem of Christ among those who are being savedn and among those who are perishing.o 16 To some we are an aroma of deathp leading to death, but to others, an aroma of lifeq leading to life. Who is adequate for these things? 17 For we do not market the wordAr of God for profit like so many. On the contrary, we speak with sincerity in Christ, as from God and before God.


Are we beginning to commend ourselves again? Or do we need, like some, letters of recommendation to you or from you? You yourselves are our letter, written on our hearts, known and read by everyone.s You show that you are Christ’s letter,t deliveredB by us, not written with ink but with the Spirit of the living Godu—not on tablets of stonev but on tablets of human hearts.C,w


Such is the confidence we have through Christ before God. It is not that we are competent inD ourselves to claim anything as coming from ourselves, but our adequacy is from God.x He has made us competent to be ministers of a new covenant,y not of the letter,z but of the Spirit. For the letter kills, but the Spirit gives life.


Now if the ministry that brought death, chiseled in letters on stones, came with glory,aa so that the Israelites were not able to gaze steadily at Moses’s face because of its glory, which was set aside, how will the ministry of the Spirit not be more glorious? For if the ministry that brought condemnation had glory, the ministry that brings righteousness overflows with even more glory. 10 In fact, what had been glorious is not glorious now by comparison because of the glory that surpasses it. 11 For if what was set asideab was glorious, what endures will be even more glorious.

12 Since, then, we have such a hope,ac we act with great boldness. 13 We are not like Moses, who used to put a veil over his facead to prevent the Israelites from gazing steadily until the endE of the glory of what was being set aside, 14 but their minds were hardened.ae For to this day, at the reading of the old covenant,af the same veil remains; it is not lifted, because it is set aside only in Christ.ag 15 Yet still today, whenever Moses is read, a veil lies over their hearts, 16 but whenever a person turnsah to the Lord, the veil is removed.ai 17 Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom. 18 We all, with unveiled faces, are looking as in a mirror atF,aj the glory of the Lordak and are being transformedal into the same imageam from glory to glory; this is from the Lord who is the Spirit.G

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