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National Confession of Sin

9 On the twenty-fourth day of this month o the Israelites assembled; they were fasting, wearing * sackcloth, and had put dust on their heads. p Those of Israelite descent separated themselves from all foreigners, q and they stood r and confessed their sins and the * guilt of their fathers. s While they stood in their places, t they read from the book of the law of the Lord their God for a fourth of the day and spent another fourth of the day u in confession v and worship of the Lord their God. Jeshua, Bani, Kadmiel, Shebaniah, Bunni, Sherebiah, Bani, and Chenani stood on the raised platform built for the Levites w and cried out loudly to the Lord their God. Then the Levites—Jeshua, Kadmiel, Bani, Hashabneiah, Sherebiah, Hodiah, Shebaniah, and Pethahiah x—said, “Stand up. Praise * Yahweh your God from everlasting to everlasting.” y

Praise Your glorious name, z

and may it be exalted above all blessing and praise.

You a alone are Yahweh. b

You created the heavens,

the highest heavens with all their host,

the earth and all that is on it,

the seas and all that is in them.

You give life to all of them, c

and the heavenly host worships You. d

You are Yahweh,

the God who chose Abram

and brought him out of Ur of the Chaldeans, e

and changed his name to Abraham. f

You found his heart faithful in Your sight, g

and made a covenant with him

to give the land of the Canaanites,

Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites,

Jebusites, and Girgashites—

to give it to his descendants. h

You have kept Your promise,

for You are righteous.

You saw the oppression of our ancestors in Egypt i

and heard their cry at the * Red Sea.

10 You performed signs and wonders against Pharaoh,

all his officials, and all the people of his land, j

for You knew how arrogantly they treated our ancestors.

You made a name for Yourself

that endures to this day.

11 You divided the sea before them,

and they crossed through it on dry ground. k

You hurled their pursuers into the depths

like a stone into churning waters. l

12 You led them with a pillar of cloud by day,

and with a pillar of fire by night,

to illuminate the way they should go. m

13 You came down on Mount Sinai, n

and spoke to them from heaven.

You gave them impartial ordinances, reliable instructions,

and good statutes and commands.

14 You revealed Your holy Sabbath to them,

and gave them commands, statutes, and instruction

through Your servant Moses. o

15 You provided bread from heaven p for their hunger;

You brought them water from the rock q for their thirst.

You told them to go in and possess the land

You had sworn r to give them. s

16 But our ancestors acted arrogantly;

they became stiff-necked and did not listen to Your commands.

17 They refused to listen

and did not remember Your wonders

You performed among them. t

They became stiff-necked and appointed a leader

to return to their slavery in Egypt. u v

But You are a forgiving God,

gracious and compassionate,

slow to anger and rich in faithful love, w

and You did not abandon them.

18 Even after they had cast an image of a calf

for themselves and said,

“This is your God who brought you out of Egypt,” x

and they had committed terrible blasphemies,

19 You did not abandon them in the wilderness

because of Your great compassion.

During the day the pillar of cloud

never turned away from them,

guiding them on their journey.

And during the night the pillar of fire

illuminated the way they should go. y

20 You sent Your good Spirit z to instruct them.

You did not withhold Your manna a from their mouths,

and You gave them water for their thirst. b

21 You provided for them in the wilderness 40 years c

and they lacked nothing.

Their clothes did not wear out,

and their feet did not swell. d

22 You gave them kingdoms and peoples

and assigned them to be a boundary.

They took possession

of the land of Sihon e king of Heshbon

and of the land of Og king of Bashan. f

23 You multiplied their descendants

like the stars of heaven g

and brought them to the land

You told their ancestors to go in and take possession of it.

24 So their descendants went in and possessed the land:

You subdued the Canaanites who inhabited the land before them

and handed their kings and the surrounding peoples over to them, h

to do as they pleased with them.

25 They captured fortified cities and fertile land

and took possession of well-supplied houses,

cisterns cut out of rock, vineyards,

olive groves, and fruit trees in abundance. i

They ate, were filled,

became prosperous, and delighted in Your great goodness.

26 But they were disobedient and rebelled against You.

They flung Your law behind their backs j

and killed Your prophets k

who warned them

in order to turn them back to You.

They committed terrible blasphemies.

27 So You handed them over to their enemies,

who oppressed them.

In their time of distress, they cried out to You,

and You heard from heaven.

In Your abundant compassion

You gave them deliverers, who rescued them

from the power of their enemies.

28 But as soon as they had relief,

they again did what was evil in Your sight.

So You abandoned them to the power of their enemies,

who dominated them.

When they cried out to You again,

You heard from heaven and rescued them

many times in Your compassion. l

29 You warned them to turn back to Your law,

but they acted arrogantly

and would not obey Your commands.

They sinned against Your ordinances,

which a person will live by if he does them. m

They stubbornly resisted, n

stiffened their necks, and would not obey.

30 You were patient with them for many years,

and Your Spirit warned them through Your prophets, o

but they would not listen.

Therefore, You handed them over to the surrounding peoples. p

31 However, in Your abundant compassion,

You did not destroy them or abandon them, q

for You are a gracious and compassionate God. r

32 So now, our God—the great, mighty,

and awe-inspiring God who keeps His gracious covenant s

do not view lightly all the hardships that have afflicted us,

our kings and leaders,

our priests and prophets,

our ancestors and all Your people,

from the days of the Assyrian kings t until today.

33 You are righteous concerning all that has come on us,

because You have acted faithfully,

while we have acted wickedly. u

34 Our kings, leaders, priests, and ancestors

did not obey Your law

or listen to Your commands

and warnings You gave them.

35 When they were in their kingdom,

with Your abundant goodness that You gave them,

and in the spacious and fertile land You set before them, v

they would not serve You or turn from their wicked ways.

36 Here we are today,

slaves in the land You gave our ancestors

so that they could enjoy its fruit and its goodness.

Here we are—slaves in it! w

37 Its abundant harvest goes to the kings

You have set over us,

because of our sins.

They rule over our bodies

and our livestock as they please. x

We are in great distress.

Israel’s Vow of Faithfulness

38 y In view of all this, we are making a binding agreement z in writing on a sealed document containing the names of our leaders, Levites, and priests. a


About The Holman Christian Standard Bible

The complete Holman Christian Standard Bible® is now available for the first time ever! More than fifteen years in the making, crafted by the shared expertise of nearly a hundred conservative scholars and English stylists, the Holman CSB® sets the standard in painstaking biblical accuracy and pure literary form.

Accurate, yet highly readable, it's a translation committed to leaving both the grace and gravity of the original languages intact while carefully creating a smooth flow of wording for the reader.

Stylistically, this inaugural edition contributes to the clarity of the written Word, arranging the poetic portions of the Scripture into complete lines of thought, and revering God's presence on each page by capitalizing all the pronouns that refer to Him.

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