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5:1 Then there was a great outcry from the people and their wives against their fellow Jews.1 5:2 There were those who said, “With our sons and daughters, we are many. We must obtain2 grain in order to eat and stay alive.” 5:3 There were others who said, “We are putting up our fields, our vineyards, and our houses as collateral in order to obtain grain during the famine.” 5:4 Then there were those who said, “We have borrowed money to pay our taxes to the king3 on our fields and our vineyards. 5:5 And now, though we share the same flesh and blood as our fellow countrymen,4 and our children are just like their children,5 still we have found it necessary to subject our sons and daughters to slavery.6 Some of our daughters have been subjected to slavery, while we are powerless to help,7 since our fields and vineyards now belong to other people.”8
5:6 I was very angry when I heard their outcry and these complaints.9 5:7 I considered these things carefully10 and then registered a complaint with the wealthy11 and the officials. I said to them, “Each one of you is seizing the collateral12 from your own countrymen!”13 Because of them I called for14 a great public assembly. 5:8 I said to them, “To the extent possible we have bought back our fellow Jews15 who had been sold to the Gentiles. But now you yourselves want to sell your own countrymen,16 so that we can then buy them back!” They were utterly silent, and could find nothing to say.
5:9 Then I17 said, “The thing that you are doing is wrong!18 Should you not conduct yourselves19 in the fear of our God in order to avoid the reproach of the Gentiles who are our enemies? 5:10 Even I and my relatives20 and my associates21 are lending them money and grain. But let us abandon this practice of seizing collateral!22 5:11 This very day return to them their fields, their vineyards, their olive trees, and their houses, along with the interest23 that you are exacting from them on the money, the grain, the new wine, and the olive oil.”
5:12 They replied, “We will return these things,24 and we will no longer demand anything from them. We will do just as you say.” Then I called the priests and made the wealthy and the officials25 swear to do what had been promised.26 5:13 I also shook out my garment,27 and I said, “In this way may God shake out from his house and his property every person who does not carry out28 this matter. In this way may he be shaken out and emptied!” All the assembly replied, “So be it!” and they praised the LORD. Then the people did as they had promised.29
5:14 From the day that I was appointed30 governor31 in the land of Judah, that is, from the twentieth year until the thirty-second year of King Artaxerxes—twelve years in all—neither I nor my relatives32 ate the food allotted to the governor.33 5:15 But the former governors who preceded me had burdened the people and had taken food and wine from them, in addition to34 forty shekels of silver. Their associates were also domineering over the people. But I did not behave in this way, due to my fear of God. 5:16 I gave myself to the work on this wall, without even purchasing35 a field. All my associates were gathered there for the work.
5:17 There were 150 Jews and officials who dined with me routinely,36 in addition to those who came to us from the nations37 all around us. 5:18 Every day one ox, six select sheep, and some birds were prepared for me, and every ten days all kinds of wine in abundance. Despite all this I did not require the food allotted to the governor, for the work was demanding on this people.
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