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The Fall of Jerusalem

52:1–3pp—2Ki 24:18–20; 2Ch 36:11–16
52:4–16pp—Jer 39:1–10
52:4–21pp—2Ki 25:1–21; 2Ch 36:17–20

52 Zedekiahd was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem eleven years. His mother’s name was Hamutal daughter of Jeremiah; she was from Libnah.e He did evil in the eyes of the Lord, just as Jehoiakimf had done. It was because of the Lord’s anger that all this happened to Jerusalem and Judah,g and in the end he thrust them from his presence.h

Now Zedekiah rebelledi against the king of Babylon.

So in the ninth year of Zedekiah’s reign, on the tenthj day of the tenth month, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon marched against Jerusalemk with his whole army. They encamped outside the city and built siege worksl all around it.m The city was kept under siege until the eleventh year of King Zedekiah.

By the ninth day of the fourth month the famine in the city had become so severe that there was no food for the people to eat.n Then the city wall was broken through, and the whole army fled.o They left the city at night through the gate between the two walls near the king’s garden, though the Babyloniansa were surrounding the city. They fled toward the Arabah,b but the Babylonianc army pursued King Zedekiah and overtook him in the plains of Jericho. All his soldiers were separated from him and scattered, and he was captured.p

He was taken to the king of Babylon at Riblahq in the land of Hamath,r where he pronounced sentence on him. 10 There at Riblah the king of Babylon killed the sonss of Zedekiah before his eyes; he also killed all the officials of Judah. 11 Then he put out Zedekiah’s eyes, bound him with bronze shackles and took him to Babylon, where he put him in prison till the day of his death.t

12 On the tenth day of the fifthu month, in the nineteenth year of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, Nebuzaradanv commander of the imperial guard, who served the king of Babylon, came to Jerusalem. 13 He set firew to the templex of the Lord, the royal palace and all the housesy of Jerusalem. Every important building he burned down. 14 The whole Babylonian army, under the commander of the imperial guard, broke down all the wallsz around Jerusalem. 15 Nebuzaradan the commander of the guard carried into exilea some of the poorest people and those who remained in the city, along with the rest of the craftsmend and those who had desertedb to the king of Babylon. 16 But Nebuzaradan left behindc the rest of the poorest people of the land to work the vineyards and fields.

17 The Babylonians broke up the bronze pillars,d the movable standse and the bronze Seaf that were at the temple of the Lord and they carried all the bronze to Babylon.g 18 They also took away the pots, shovels, wick trimmers, sprinkling bowls,h dishes and all the bronze articles used in the temple service.i 19 The commander of the imperial guard took away the basins, censers,j sprinkling bowls, pots, lampstands,k dishesl and bowls used for drink offeringsm—all that were made of pure gold or silver.n

20 The bronze from the two pillars, the Sea and the twelve bronze bullso under it, and the movable stands, which King Solomon had made for the temple of the Lord, was more than could be weighed.p 21 Each pillar was eighteen cubits high and twelve cubits in circumferencee; each was four fingers thick, and hollow.q 22 The bronze capitalr on top of one pillar was five cubitsf high and was decorated with a network and pomegranatess of bronze all around. The other pillar, with its pomegranates, was similar. 23 There were ninety-six pomegranates on the sides; the total number of pomegranatest above the surrounding network was a hundred.u

24 The commander of the guard took as prisoners Seraiahv the chief priest, Zephaniahw the priest next in rank and the three doorkeepers.x 25 Of those still in the city, he took the officer in charge of the fighting men, and seven royal advisers. He also took the secretaryy who was chief officer in charge of conscripting the people of the land, sixty of whom were found in the city. 26 Nebuzaradanz the commander took them all and brought them to the king of Babylon at Riblah. 27 There at Riblah,a in the land of Hamath, the king had them executed.

So Judah went into captivity, awayb from her land. 28 This is the number of the people Nebuchadnezzar carried into exile:c

in the seventh year, 3,023 Jews;

29 in Nebuchadnezzar’s eighteenth year,

832 people from Jerusalem;

30 in his twenty-third year,

745 Jews taken into exiled by Nebuzaradan the commander of the imperial guard.

There were 4,600 people in all.e

Jehoiachin Released

52:31–34pp—2Ki 25:27–30

31 In the thirty-seventh year of the exile of Jehoiachinf king of Judah, in the year Awel-Marduk became king of Babylon, on the twenty-fifth day of the twelfth month, he released Jehoiachin king of Judah and freed him from prison. 32 He spoke kindly to him and gave him a seat of honor higher than those of the other kings who were with him in Babylon. 33 So Jehoiachin put aside his prison clothes and for the rest of his life ate regularly at the king’s table.g 34 Day by day the king of Babylon gave Jehoiachin a regular allowanceh as long as he lived, till the day of his death.


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