Chapter 34

The Two Tablets Replaced

1 Now the Lord said to Moses, “Cut out for yourself atwo stone tablets like the former ones, and bI will write on the tablets the words that were on the former tablets which you shattered.

2 “So be ready by morning, and come up in the morning to aMount Sinai, and 1present yourself there to Me on the top of the mountain.

3 “aNo man is to come up with you, nor let any man be seen 1anywhere on the mountain; even the flocks and the herds may not graze in front of that mountain.”

4 So he cut out atwo stone tablets like the former ones, and Moses rose up early in the morning and went up to Mount Sinai, as the Lord had commanded him, and he took two stone tablets in his hand.

5 aThe Lord descended in the cloud and stood there with him as 1he called upon the name of the Lord.

6 Then the Lord passed by in front of him and proclaimed, “The Lord, the Lord God, acompassionate and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in lovingkindness and 1truth;

7 who akeeps lovingkindness for thousands, who forgives iniquity, transgression and sin; yet He bwill by no means leave the guilty unpunished, cvisiting the iniquity of fathers on the children and on the grandchildren to the third and fourth generations.”

8 Moses made haste 1ato bow low toward the earth and worship.

9 He said, “aIf now I have found favor in Your sight, O Lord, I pray, let the Lord go along in our midst, even though 1bthe people are so obstinate, and cpardon our iniquity and our sin, and dtake us as Your own 2possession.”

The Covenant Renewed

10 Then 1God said, “Behold, aI am going to make a covenant. Before all your people bI will perform miracles which have not been 2produced in all the earth nor among any of the nations; and all the people 3among whom you live will see the working of the Lord, for it is a fearful thing that I am going to perform with you.

111Be sure to observe what I am commanding you this day: behold, aI am going to drive out the Amorite before you, and the Canaanite, the Hittite, the Perizzite, the Hivite and the Jebusite.

12 “aWatch yourself that you make no covenant with the inhabitants of the land into which you are going, or it will become a snare in your midst.

13 “aBut rather, you are to tear down their altars and smash their sacred pillars and cut down their 1bAsherim

14 —for ayou shall not worship any other god, for the Lord, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God—

15 otherwise you might make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land and they would play the harlot with their gods and asacrifice to their gods, and someone bmight invite you 1to eat of his sacrifice,

16 and ayou might take some of his daughters for your sons, and his daughters might play the harlot with their gods and cause your sons also to play the harlot with their gods.

17 “aYou shall make for yourself no molten gods.

18 “You shall observe athe Feast of Unleavened Bread. For bseven days you are to eat unleavened bread, 1as I commanded you, at the appointed time in the cmonth of Abib, for in the month of Abib you came out of Egypt.

19aThe first offspring from every womb belongs to Me, and all your male livestock, the first offspring from 1cattle and sheep.

20 “aYou shall redeem with a lamb the 1first offspring from a donkey; and if you do not redeem it, then you shall break its neck. You shall redeem ball the firstborn of your sons. 2cNone shall appear before Me empty-handed.

21 “You shall work asix days, but on the seventh day you shall rest; even during plowing time and harvest you shall rest.

22 “You shall celebrate athe Feast of Weeks, that is, the first fruits of the wheat harvest, and the Feast of Ingathering at the turn of the year.

23 “aThree times a year all your males are to appear before the Lord 1God, the God of Israel.

24 “For I will 1adrive out nations before you and enlarge your borders, and no man shall covet your land when you go up three times a year to appear before the Lord your God.

25aYou shall not 1offer the blood of My sacrifice with leavened bread, bnor is the sacrifice of the Feast of the Passover to 2be left over until morning.

26 “You shall bring athe very first of the first fruits of your soil into the house of the Lord your God.

You shall not boil a young goat in its mother’s milk.”

27 Then the Lord said to Moses, “aWrite 1down these words, for in accordance with these words I have made ba covenant with you and with Israel.

28 So he was there with the Lord aforty days and forty nights; he did not eat bread or drink water. And 1bhe wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, cthe Ten 2Commandments.

Moses’ Face Shines

29 It came about when Moses was coming down from Mount Sinai (and the atwo tablets of the testimony were in Moses’ hand as he was coming down from the mountain), that Moses did not know that bthe skin of his face shone because of his speaking with Him.

30 So when Aaron and all the sons of Israel saw Moses, behold, the skin of his face shone, and athey were afraid to come near him.

31 Then Moses called to them, and Aaron and all the rulers in the congregation returned to him; and Moses spoke to them.

32 Afterward all the sons of Israel came near, and he commanded them to do everything that the Lord had spoken 1to him on Mount Sinai.

33 When Moses had finished speaking with them, ahe put a veil over his face.

34 But whenever Moses went in before the Lord to speak with Him, ahe would take off the veil until he came out; and whenever he came out and spoke to the sons of Israel what he had been commanded,

35 athe sons of Israel would see the face of Moses, that the skin of Moses’ face shone. So Moses would replace the veil over his face until he went in to speak with Him.


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