18 When David had finished speaking with Saul, Jonathan was bound to David in close friendship,H and loved him as much as he loved himself.v 2 Saul kept David with him from that day on and did not let him return to his father’s house.
3 Jonathan made a covenant with Davidw because he loved him as much as himself. 4 Then Jonathan removed the robe he was wearing and gave it to David,x along with his military tunic, his sword, his bow, and his belt.
6 As the troops were coming back, when David was returning from killing the Philistine, the women came out from all the cities of Israel to meet King Saul,a singing and dancing with tambourines, with shouts of joy, and with three-stringed instruments. 7 As they danced, the women sang:
Saul has killed his thousands,
but David his tens of thousands.b
8 Saul was furious and resented this song. “They credited tens of thousands to David,” he complained, “but they only credited me with thousands. What more can he have but the kingdom?”c 9 So Saul watched David jealously from that day forward.
10 The next day an evil spirit sent from God came powerfully on Saul,d and he began to raveB inside the palace. David was playing the lyre as usual,e but Saul was holding a spear,f 11 and he threw it, thinking, “I’ll pin David to the wall.”g But David got away from him twice.
12 Saul was afraid of David,h because the Lord was with Davidi but had left Saul.j 13 Therefore, Saul sent David away from him and made him commander over a thousand men. David led the troopsk 14 and continued to be successful in all his activities because the Lord was with him.l 15 When Saul observed that David was very successful, he dreaded him. 16 But all Israel and Judah loved Davidm because he was leading their troops. 17 Saul told David, “Here is my oldest daughter Merab. I’ll give her to you as a wifen if you will be a warrior for me and fight the Lord’s battles.”o But Saul was thinking, “I don’t need to raise a hand against him; let the hand of the Philistines be against him.”p
18 Then David responded, “Who am I,q and what is my family or my father’s clan in Israel that I should become the king’s son-in-law?” 19 When it was time to give Saul’s daughter Merab to David, she was given to Adriel the Meholathite as a wife.r
20 Now Saul’s daughter Michals loved David, and when it was reported to Saul, it pleased him. 21 “I’ll give her to him,” Saul thought. “She’ll be a trap for him, and the hand of the Philistines will be against him.”t So Saul said to David a second time, “You can now be my son-in-law.”u
23 Saul’s servants reported these words directly to David, but he replied, “Is it trivial in your sight to become the king’s son-in-law? I am a poor commoner.”v
25 Then Saul replied, “Say this to David: ‘The king desires no other bride-pricew except a hundred Philistine foreskins, to take revenge on his enemies.’ ”x Actually, Saul intended to cause David’s death at the hands of the Philistines.y
26 When the servants reported these terms to David, he was pleased to become the king’s son-in-law. Before the wedding day arrived, 27 David and his men went out and killed two hundredG Philistines. He brought their foreskins and presented them as full payment to the king to become his son-in-law. Then Saul gave his daughter Michal to David as his wife.z 28 Saul realizedH that the Lord was with David and that his daughter Michal loved him, 29 and he became even more afraid of David. As a result, Saul was David’s enemy from then on.
About Christian Standard Bible
The Christian Standard Bible (CSB) is a highly trustworthy, faithful translation that is proven to be the optimal blend of accuracy and readability. It’s as literal to the original as possible without sacrificing clarity. The CSB is poised to become the translation that pastors rely on and Bible readers turn to again and again to read and to share with others.
The CSB is an original translation: more than 100 scholars from 17 denominations translated directly from the best available Hebrew, Greek and Aramaic source texts into English. Its source texts are the standard used by scholars and seminaries today.
The CSB is trustworthy: the conservative, evangelical scholars of the CSB affirm the authority of Scripture as the inerrant Word of God and seek the highest level of faithfulness to the original and accuracy in their translation. These scholars and LifeWay, the non-profit ministry that stewards the CSB, also champion the Bible against cultural trends that would compromise its truths.
The CSB is clear: it is as literal a translation of the ancient source texts as possible, but, in the many places throughout Scripture where a word-for-word rendering might obscure the meaning for a modern audience, it uses a more dynamic translation. In all cases, the intent is to convey the original meaning of God’s Word as faithfully and as clearly as possible.
Copyright 2017 Holman Bible Publishers.
CSB UltraThin Reference Bible Copyright © 2020 by Holman Bible Publishers.
All Rights Reserved.
The text of the Christian Standard Bible may be quoted in any form (written, visual, electronic, or audio) up to and inclusive of one-thousand (1,000) verses without the written permission of the publisher, provided that the verses quoted do not account for more than 50 percent of the work in which they are quoted, and provided that a complete book of the Bible is not quoted. Requests for permission are to be directed to and approved in writing by Holman Bible Publishers, One LifeWay Plaza, Nashville, Tennessee 37234.
When the Christian Standard Bible is quoted, one of the following credit lines must appear on the copyright page or title page of the work:
Scripture quotations marked CSB have been taken from the Christian Standard Bible®, Copyright © 2020 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible® and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers.
Unless otherwise noted, all Scripture quotations are taken from the Christian Standard Bible®, Copyright © 2020 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible® and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers.