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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Zoology An overview of the species and listing of animals throughout the Bible.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Zoology (Fauna)
ZOOLOGY (FAUNA). This article surveys what is known about fauna, especially domestic fauna, in the ANE, and particularly in ancient Palestine from the EB Age to the Greco-Roman period. Gathered together here are all entries on fauna and animal-related topics, which in other Bible dictionaries are usually
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Animals. In biblical usage, nonhuman members of the animal kingdom. Animals are mentioned throughout the Bible from Genesis to Revelation. Many species have become extinct in various parts of the world, and the Holy Land is no exception; many animals of Bible times are extinct today. In 1965 a program
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Zoology The Bible makes frequent reference to various species of animals that do or did live in the region of Palestine. Zoology or the study of animals deals with living organisms ranging from simple forms such as sponges, corals, and worms to more complex invertebrates, such as insects and spiders,
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
ANIMALS In biblical usage, all members of the animal kingdom. Animals are mentioned throughout the Bible from Genesis to Revelation. Animals figured in many important biblical events, including the Creation, the fall of man, the Flood, the ten plagues in Egypt, the Hebrew worship system, and the life
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
animals. The Bible makes frequent reference to animals, including domestic animals (providing food, clothing, or transport), game animals, predators, and parasites. Apart from their secular importance, animals figure prominently in Hebrew religious ritual as sacrifices. In addition, the Bible uses references
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Animals of the Bible
ANIMALS OF THE BIBLE. The biblical approach to animal classification is quite different from that used by the scientific community today. Thus, in Gen 1:20–30; 2:19–20 organisms are classified as great sea monsters, aquatic creatures, winged birds (1:21), cattle (domesticated animals), creeping things,
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Animals of the Bible
ANIMALS OF THE BIBLE. Both early and modern evv mention a wide range of animal names. In the earliest evv, especially av, lack of precise knowledge of the Palestine fauna was a major reason for inaccuracy and it is not surprising that translators used the names of European species with which they were
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
AnimalsAlmost all commentators caution that it is virtually impossible to have 100 percent certainty when identifying Hebrew animal terms with modern scientific species. Today’s fauna is not identical to that of the past; also, many of the Hebrew terms appear as isolated names which appear only one
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Animals. Palestine and surrounding regions support a surprisingly abundant animal population and a wide variety of species. Much of this diversity is possible because of the great geographical variation of this area and the attendant climatic conditions. The coastal plain (up to the watershed line) thus
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
ANIMAL. An organized living body, endowed with sensation. In the Heb. there are several terms rendered “creature,” “living thing,” “cattle,” and so forth. The animals in Lev. 11 are divided into four classes: (1) larger terrestrial animals (v. 2); (2) aquatic animals (vv. 9–10); (3) birds (vv. 13–19);
Animal Kingdom
ANIMAL KINGDOM. The proportion of animals mentioned in the Bible compared with the total number found in Bible lands is far larger than that which occurs in the case of plants. There are 38 mammals, out of perhaps 130, 34 birds out of about 350, 11 reptiles out of nearly 100, and one amphibian out of
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Animalan organized living creature endowed with sensation. The Levitical law divided animals into clean and unclean, although the distinction seems to have existed before the Flood (Gen. 7:2). The clean could be offered in sacrifice and eaten. All animals that had not cloven hoofs and did not chew the
Key passages
Tob 2:10

I did know not that sparrows are on the wall; my eyes being uncovered, the sparrows discharged warm dung into my eyes, and white coverings formed over my eyes. And so I went to physicians, but they did not help me. And Ahikar took care of me until I had gone into Elymais.

Bel 30–31

Now when the king saw that the multitude from the country had gathered against him, he summoned his close companions and said, “I am giving Daniel over for destruction.”

1 Mac 6:30

And the total size of his army was one hundred thousand foot soldiers and twenty thousand horsemen and thirty-two elephants familiar with battle.

3 Mac 5:19–20

But when he pointed out that he had brought to completion what had been ordered at night, and his friends confirmed them, having a savageness worse than that of Phalaris, he said, “They should be grateful for today’s sleep, but without delay, at the fading of the day, prepare the elephants …