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Zeus
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Zeus
Zeus The head deity of the Greek pantheon (known to the Romans as Jupiter). In Acts 14:12, Barnabas is mistaken for Zeus. For further information, see these articles: Hellenistic Religions; Roman Religions and the Imperial Cult.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Zeus
Zeus. Chief god of the Greek pantheon (Roman Jupiter). Zeus was initially worshiped as part of an animistic cult, as the sky god with thunder as his principal manifestation. Well before the time of Homer, however, Zeus had become the preeminent personal god of the Greek residents of Thessaly, with Mt
Jupiter
Jupiter. Supreme Roman deity, equivalent to Zeus in Greek mythology. He was Saturn’s son and Juno’s husband and brother. Jupiter (also called Jove) was the god of destiny. His weapon was the thunderbolt; the eagle and the oak and olive trees were considered sacred in his worship. A temple of Jupiter
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Zeus
Zeus zoo̅s [Gk. Zeus, genitive Dios] (Acts 14:12f); AV, NEB, JUPITER. One of the principal deities in the Greco-Roman pantheon. To the Romans he was known as Jovis or Jupiter.Of Indo-European origin, Zeus was originally associated with the sky and atmospheric phenomena. He was not the ancestor of gods
Olympian Zeus
Olympian Zeus ō-limʹpē-ən zoo̅s [Gk Dios Olympios]; AV JUPITER OLYMPIUS. An epithet of the Greek god Zeus, and the name given to the temple in Jerusalem by Antiochus Epiphanes in 168 b.c. as part of his attempt to hellenize the Jews (2 Macc. 6:2). The epithet came from Mt. Olympus in Thessaly, where
Jupiter
Jupiter jōō’pe-ter (AV 2 Macc. 6:2; Acts 14:12f.). The AV uses the Latin name Jupiter for the Greek god Zeus because of the influence of the Vulgate. See Zeus.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Zeus
ZEUS Chief god of the Greek pantheon (Roman Jupiter). Zeus was initially worshiped as part of an animistic cult, as the sky god with thunder as his principal manifestation. Well before the time of Homer, however, Zeus had become the preeminent personal god of the Greek residents of Thessaly, with Mt
Jupiter
JUPITER* Supreme Roman deity, equivalent to Zeus in Greek mythology. He was Saturn’s son and Juno’s husband and brother. Jupiter (also called Jove) was the god of destiny. His weapon was the thunderbolt; the eagle and the oak and olive trees were considered sacred in his worship. A temple of Jupiter
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Zeus
Zeus (zoos), the chief deity of the Greek pantheon, often described as the “father of gods and men.” Zeus is depicted as the sky god, enthroned on Mount Olympus, wielding the thunder bolt, and responsible for weather and rain. In Hellenistic times (ca. 300 bce–300 ce), Zeus was identified with the chief
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Zeus
ZEUS. The Gk. deities, Zeus and *Hermēs (Acts 14:12), rendered in av by their Roman equivalents, Jupiter and Mercurius, presumably in turn represent unknown local gods, whom the Lycaonian-speaking people of Lystra recognized in Barnabas and Paul. Why a miraculous healing should have prompted this particular
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Zeus
Zeus (Gk. Zeús)The Greek deity considered to be the greatest of the Olympian gods. Zeus was clearly of Indo-european origin, and the genitive of Zeus (Gk. Diós) was the word for god in various Indo-european languages. Zeus was portrayed as the god of the sky and weather (esp. thunderbolts). Homer
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Zeus
Zeus [zōōs] (Gk. Zeus).† The supreme Greek deity, god of heaven and thunder and commander of the universe. Both Zeus and Jupiter—the supreme Roman deity, with whom Zeus was identified—are forms of the Indoeuropean sky-god (Sanskrit Dyaus, from diu “heaven, sky, brightness”). Though supreme, Zeus
Jupiter
Jupiter [jōōˊpə tər] (Lat. Iupiter).† Chief of the Roman gods, identified with the Greek Zeus (Acts 14:12–13). The KJV uses the Latin name, following the Vulgate.
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Zeus
ZEUS ΖεύςI. Zeus is the main divinity of the Greek pantheon. His name is of undisputed Indo-European origin, connected with Lat Iu-piter, Rigveda Dyaus (pitar) etc., derived from the root *diwu-, “day (as opposed to night)” (Lat dies), “(clear) sky”. He is identified with local weather gods of Asia
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Zeus
ZEUS The supreme god of the Greek pantheon; he was identified in Roman religion as Jupiter. One of the causes of the Maccabean revolt was the proposal to dedicate the Temple at Jerusalem to Olympian Zeus (2 Macc 6:2). After the healing of a crippled man in Lystra, the inhabitants thought Paul and Barnabas
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Jupiter
Ju´piter (a father that helps), the Greek Zeus. The Olympian Zeus was the national god of the Hellenic race, as well as the supreme ruler of the heathen world, and as such formed the true opposite to Jehovah. Jupiter or Zeus is mentioned in two passages of the New Testament, on the occasion of St. Paul’s
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Zeus
ZEUS. The supreme god of the Greeks. The Rom. and KJV rendering is Jupiter. See Gods, False: Zeus.
See also
Relatives
Hermes Son
Topics & Themes
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