The temple built to replace Solomon’s temple, which stood from around 950 bc until the Babylonians destroyed it in 587/6 bc. The second temple was built under the leadership of Zerubbabel, an exile who returned from Babylon to Jerusalem sometime between 539 and 521 bc.
Temple, Zerubbabel’s The temple built to replace Solomon’s temple, which stood from around 950 bc until the Babylonians destroyed it in 587/6 bc. The second temple was built under the leadership of Zerubbabel, an exile who returned from Babylon to Jerusalem sometime between 539 and 521 bc.
TEMPLES AND SANCTUARIES. This entry consists of four articles that survey temples and sanctuaries in the ancient world of the Bible. The first focuses on temples in ancient Egypt, and the second focuses on temples in ancient Mesopotamia. The third focuses on temples in Syria and Palestine during the
House of God. Common phrase used in the ancient Near Eastern world for a structure used to accommodate a deity or his servants. It referred in the OT to the tabernacle (Dt 23:18; 1 Kgs 8:11–20); the Solomonic temple (1 Kgs 12:27; Jer 20:1), to national shrines, or to pagan temples (Jgs 9:4; 2 Kgs 10:21).
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
House of God[Heb bêṯ (hā)ʾĕlōhîm; Gk. oíkos theoú]. In Judges, 1 and 2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Psalms, etc., bêṯ (hā)ʾĕlōhîm designates the sanctuary of the tabernacle (Josh. 9:23; Jgs. 18:31), the temple (1 Ch. 6:48 [MT 33]; 9:11, 26f.; 2 Ch. 3:3; Ps. 42:4 [MT 5]; etc.), and the second
Temple [Heb. hêḵāl—‘palace,’ ‘temple’; bayiṯ—‘house’; Gk. hierón—‘holy place’; naós—‘temple’]. The divine “house,” where the deity is perceived as in some sense mysteriously present, and where his cultic worship is carried on.In the OT, RSV “temple” most frequently renders Heb. hêḵāl (or its
temples, religious structures, which were probably the most important and most visible institutions in the biblical world. Their prominence as architectural structures on the ancient landscape is a reflection of their integral role in the political and economic structure of ancient society. We think
The Templethe jerusalem temple was the center of Israelite national life in the biblical period, beginning with the monarchy (tenth century bce) and continuing until its final destruction by the Roman legions in 70 ce. Despite the fact that the temple’s existence for over a millennium was nearly continuous,
TEMPLE. The principal Heb. word for “temple” is hêkāl, “palace, large building” (cf.1 Kgs 21:1; Ps 45:8, 15; Isa 39:7). It is a loan-word from Akkadian ekallu, in turn borrowed from Sumerian E-GAL, “great house.” In addition to its references to the temple in Jerusalem the word is used of the sanctuary
TempleA sacred, demarcated place. The English term derives from Lat. templum, a place set aside for the purpose of augury (Varro De ling. lat.; cf. “contemplate”). A Greek cognate, témenos, was a precinct, a piece of land marked off from common uses and dedicated to a god; the term now means the platform
Temple (Heb. hêḵāl, bayiṯ; Gk. hierón, naós).† A building, generally thought of as the dwelling-place of a deity, in which the corporate worship of that deity is centered. The basic plan of many ancient Palestinian and Syrian temples consisted of two rooms adjoined end to end, with a single
TEMPLESpre-canaanite and canaanite period The first temples, shrines consecrated to the service of a god, probably date from as early as man’s first settlements. The earliest known temple in Palestine is that at Jericho (stratum IX), which is of the Neolithic period. It was an oblong structure, with
TempleThe Jerusalem Temple was a significant element in the religious, social and political setting of Jesus’ life and ministry. It comes to the forefront most prominently in Jesus’ cleansing of the Temple (seeTemple Cleansing) and his words about its coming destruction (seeDestruction of Jerusalem),