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The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
wood. A highly valued resource in the ancient Near East, wood was used for the manufacture of everything from small everyday household items to the palaces of kings and temples and altars of deities. It was especially important as fuel for domestic hearths and industrial installations such as kilns,
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
WoodWood (Heb. ʿēṣ; Gk. xýlon) was an important commodity in biblical times. Timber was used in the construction of buildings such as Solomon’s temple, which contained a variety of woods including cedar, algum, cypress, and olive wood (1 Kgs. 6:14–36). To acquire cedar, cypress, and algum timber,
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Wood (Heb. ˓ēṣ, ya ˓ar; Gk. xýlon). Much more plentiful in ancient Israel than in modern Palestine, wood of many varieties was widely used for construction. Noah built his ark of gopher wood (Gen. 6:14), while Moses constructed the tabernacle, including the ark, poles, and altar, of acacia wood
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
WoodIt is difficult to imagine a world without wood. It is one of the most useful natural materials available to humankind. Except in the most arid deserts, wood is widely available. It is a material that can be used to fuel a fire, to build a house or to make a variety of furnishings, tools, implements,
Compton’s Encyclopedia
woodLong before the dawn of recorded history wood was an essential raw material. It was burned to provide heat and manipulated to provide shelter. Today in addition to its use as a fuel and as a building material, wood is used in many ways.Wood is the hard, fibrous substance found beneath bark in the
The Eerdmans Encyclopedia of Early Christian Art and Archaeology, Volumes 1–3
Wood: Architectural Sculpture
Wood: Architectural SculptureBuilding material used for two main purposes in early Christian architecture: ceilings and walls.
Wood: Portables
Wood: Portables and FixturesEmployed widely for personal and household objects in late antiquity (Paulsen & Schach-Dörges, 1972; Rutschowscaya, 1986; Grodde, 1989; Paulsen, 1992; Aufleger, 1996, 599–604; Wolf, 1997, 379–88), w. items display an erratic pattern of survival, depending mostly on soil and
Box: Wood
Box: WoodMost wooden b. manufactured in the years 200 to 600 have perished. A few have survived, but only in fragments. In multiple excavated examples (e.g., from the Middle Danubian territories) the → wood fabric has almost completely decomposed, leaving behind only the bronze plate and fittings that
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
WOOD [עֵץʿets; ξύλον xylon]. Wood was one of the primary materials for construction in the ANE, along with stone and mud brick. The Hebrew word for wood (ʿets) is also the word for tree. In general, when describing standing timber, the word is translated as “tree”; when describing the material from