Loading…
Wisdom Literature
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A genre of ancient literature characterized by an emphasis on teaching its audience the things necessary to attain to virtue and obtain divine favor. This genre makes up a large portion of the Hebrew Bible and is well attested in other ancient literatures—especially Egyptian and Mesopotamian.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Wisdom Literature
Wisdom Literature A genre of ancient literature characterized by an emphasis on teaching its audience the things necessary to attain to virtue and obtain divine favor. This genre makes up a large portion of the Hebrew Bible and is well attested in other ancient literatures—especially Egyptian and Mesopotamian.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Wisdom, Wisdom Literature
Wisdom, Wisdom Literature. Wisdom is a capacity of the mind; in the OT it involves both knowledge and the ability to direct the mind toward a full understanding of human life and toward its moral fulfillment. Wisdom is thus a special capacity, necessary for full human living, but one which can be acquired
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Wisdom Literature
WISDOM LITERATURE* Literature in the OT that has wisdom as its central theme. It comprises principally the books of Job, Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes and may also be found in portions of the Psalms and Prophets. The Wisdom Literature contains both the moral substance of true wisdom (as in Proverbs) and
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Wisdom Literature
wisdom literature, a genre of literature represented by both biblical and extrabiblical writings. Prime examples of wisdom literature include the books of Proverbs, Job, and Ecclesiastes in addition to the apocryphal/deuterocanonical books of Sirach and Wisdom of Solomon. The extent to which other parts
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Wisdom Literature, Old Testament
WISDOM LITERATURE, OLD TESTAMENT.The main words used for wisdom in the OT are ḥokmâ (used 146 times), bı̂nâ, and tbûnâ. The latter two are often translated “understanding” (q.v.). The word tūshiyyâ is used a few times to mean “sound wisdom,” or “enterprise.” The adjective ḥākām, “wise,” is
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Wisdom Literature
WISDOM LITERATURE. A family of literary genres common in the ancient Near East in which instructions for successful living are given or the perplexities of human existence are contemplated. There are two broad types: proverbial (*Proverb) wisdom—short, pithy sayings which state rules for personal happiness
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Wisdom, Wisdom Literature
Wisdom, Wisdom LiteratureDictionaries define wisdom as the ability to make sound judgments on what we know, especially as it relates to life and conduct. The wise do not value the quantity of knowledge by itself, but the ethical and moral dimensions of how we evaluate human experience and act on it.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Wisdom Literature
(Heb. ḥoḵmâ; Gk. sophía), Wisdom Literature † Strictly speaking, wisdom literature as a generic category encompasses only the books of Job, Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes in the Old Testament; Sirach and the Wisdom of Solomon in the Apocrypha; and perhaps James in the New Testament. However,
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Wisdom Literature
WISDOM LITERATURE Writing whose aim is to give practical advice on the well-lived life. Wisdom literature is found throughout the ancient Near East; among the Israelites, Solomon was considered the father of wisdom literature, and several books of the Old Testament in that style are attributed to him.
Dictionary of New Testament Background
Wisdom Literature at Qumran
WISDOM LITERATURE AT QUMRANThe transformation in our understanding of this literature is one of the most dramatic examples of the rapid developments and changing paradigms characteristic of Qumran studies. Since the larger portion of the wisdom texts have come to the attention of the majority of researchers
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Wisdom Literature
WISDOM LITERATURE — a type of literature, common to the peoples of the ancient world, that included ethical and philosophical works. The wisdom literature of the Old Testament consists of the books of Job, Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes, and certain of the psalms (Psalm 1; 19; 37; 49; 104; 107; 112; 119;
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Wisdom Literature
WISDOM LITERATURE A genre of writing featuring wise sayings and astute observations. These writings teach how to live according to such principles as intelligence, understanding, common sense, statecraft, and practical skills. With regard to the Bible, the term refers to the books of Job, Proverbs, and
See also