Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A sign of God’s might or judgment, as well as an object of destruction (2 Kgs 2:1; Job 1:19, 38:1, 40:6; Isa 40:24, 41:16; Zech 9:14).
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Whirlwind. Term descriptive of any strong, potentially destructive wind (Jb 27:20; Ps 77:18; Dn 11:40). While whirlwinds are relatively common in the arid regions of the Middle East (e.g., dust devils, sand columns), the apparent fury and destructiveness of the biblical “whirlwinds” makes it unlikely
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
WHIRLWIND Term descriptive of any strong, potentially destructive wind (Jb 27:20; Ps 77:18; Dn 11:40). While whirlwinds are relatively common in the arid regions of the Middle East (e.g., dust devils), the apparent fury and destructiveness of the biblical “whirlwinds” makes it unlikely that the relatively
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
winds. In the ancient Near East, winds were an important determinant of weather. In the rainless summer months moisture-laden winds from the Mediterranean (west or northwest) swept over the land during the daytime, moderating the midday heat and leaving a heavy dew at night. These steady winds enabled
whirlwind, a violent, destructive windstorm, common in Israel during the rainy season. True whirlwinds, i.e., swirling winds or tornadoes, are unusual, though they sometimes do appear near the coast during the early winter. Whirlwinds and storms usually accompanied a theophany, such as God’s appearance
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
WINDS. The Hebrews recognized four horizontal movements of air which they called wind. The S and SE winds crossing the Arabian Desert were hot and dry (Job 37:17; Lk 12:55). The N wind was cooler being favorable to vegetation (Song 4:16). The W, SW. and NW winds brought rain and accompanied a storm (1
WHIRLWIND. mass of air rotating rapidly round and round toward a more or less vertical axis (Isa 17:13; ASV), and having at the same time progressive motion over the surface of land or sea (2 Kgs 2:11). The violent tornado with its funnel-shaped cloud is not common in Palestine, however. Most biblical
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
WIND (Heb. rûaḥ). 1. The Hebrews conceived of climate as influenced by the four winds from the four corners of the earth (Je. 49:36; Dn. 7:2; Rev. 7:1). The wind may be a source of blessing or a curse, according to its source. Its vast power suggests the wind is the breath of God (Is. 40:7), controlled
WHIRLWIND. The Eng. translation of Heb. sûp̱â applies loosely to any violent storm and is not restricted to a rotary movement of air (Jb. 37:9; Pr. 1:27; 10:25; Is. 5:28; 17:13; 21:1; 66:15; Je. 4:13; Am. 1:14; Na. 1:3). In av it is translated ‘storm’ in other passages (Jb. 21:18; Ps. 83:15; Is. 29:6).
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
WindThe horizontal movement of air (Heb. rûaḥ; Gk. ánemos). Certain winds were known by reputation, such as the powerful and blighting east wind (Gen. 41:6, 23, 27; Ezek. 19:12). The west wind, generally the prevailing wind in Palestine, moderated the summer heat and brought needed rain (1 Kgs. 18:45).
WhirlwindLiterally a twisting, swirling wind that leaves destruction in its path. Its predominant use in Scripture is symbolic or metaphoric. The word may be understood in a literal sense (2 Kgs. 2:1; Job 37:9; 38:1; Nah. 1:3), but even among these, the whirlwind is the vehicle of God’s appearance in
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Whirlwind (Heb. galgal, sûp̱â, sa˓ar, se˓ārâ).†A violent windstorm of devastating power. Heb. sǔp̱ǎ, sa˓ar, and se˓ārâ are used of such storms not necessarily with reference to a whirling motion of the air, and are often translated “storm” or “tempest” (but cf. Jer. 23:19; RSV “whirling tempest”).
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Winds. That the Hebrews recognized the existence of four prevailing winds as issuing, broadly speaking, from the four cardinal points, north, south, east, and west, may be inferred from their custom of using the expression “four winds” as equivalent to the “four quarters” of the hemisphere. Ezek. 37:9;
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
WINDS. That the Hebrews recognized the existence of four prevailing winds as issuing, broadly speaking, from the four cardinal points—N, S, E, and W—may be inferred from their custom of using the expression “four winds” as being equivalent to the “four quarters” of the hemisphere (Ezek. 37:9; Dan. 8:8;