Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
May also be described as a revelation. Witnessing something supernatural that is not visible to the naked eye. May be related to God’s working in the present or the future and may involve the ability to see spiritual entities at work in the physical world. Related to, but not necessarily synonymous with, the concepts of prophecy and prophetic dreams.
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Vision (ὅραμα, horama; ὅρασις, horasis; ὀπτασία, optasia; מַרְאָה‎, mar'ah; חֱזוּ‎, chezu; מַחֲזֶה‎, machazeh; חִזָּיוֹן‎, chizzaiwon). May also be described as a revelation. Witnessing something supernatural that is not visible to the naked eye. May be related to God’s working in the present or the future
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Vision. Visual experience of any kind. The term is sometimes used of dreams with no thought of supernatural revelation (see literal renderings of Jb 20:8; cf. 7:14; Is 29:7), but usually refers to the extraordinary religious experience of a prophet. In early OT prophecy there are cases of second sight,
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Vision [Heb. ḥāzôn, ḥāzôṯ—‘record of visions,’ ḥāzûṯ—‘conspicuous appearance,’ ḥizzāyôn, maḥazeh, marʾâ, marʾeh, rōʾeh, šāwʾ—‘deception, fraud’ (Ezk. 13:9, 23; 21:29 [MT 34]; 22:28), dāḇār—‘word, thing’ (Jer. 38:21), tāp̱ēl—‘tasteless, unsatisfying things’ (Lam. 2:14); Aram
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Vision, Visions
VISION, VISIONS Visual experiences of any kind, but in the Bible the word usually refers to supernatural revelations of a prophet. In early OT prophecy there are cases of extraordinary sight, which was regarded as evidence of the visionary endowment of a prophet. Samuel was a “seer” or visionary; he
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
vision, an apparition of something normally hidden from human eyes. Visions, dreams, and heavenly journeys are closely related phenomena through which secrets are thought to be revealed. These media of revelation are especially characteristic of apocalyptic literature. Although categories may overlap,
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
VISION. According to the biblical records visions were often used by God to reveal His word or will to His servants. Whatever the form of the vision, whether it was the action type as was Jacob’s dream of the angels ascending and descending on the heavenly ladder (Gen 28:12; see Dream), or the still
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
VISION. The border-line between vision and dream or trance is difficult, if not impossible, to determine. This is reflected in the biblical vocabulary of ‘vision’.Heb. ḥāzôn comes from a root used to describe the beholding of a vision by the seer while in an ecstatic state (Is. 1:1; Ezk. 12:27);
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
VisionA visual or auditory event which reveals something otherwise unknown. Visions and dreams are closely related in the ancient Near East in general, including the biblical tradition. They were an accepted means of communication and revelation throughout the history of Israel and in the early Christian
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Vision. †A supernatural visual manifestation, which may also involve the aural, that serves as a divine revelation of something otherwise secret. Visions are closely related to such other revelatory phenomena as dreams and journeys through heaven and hell. Nearly every religious tradition, ancient
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Visions, ecstatic experienceWhile Paul undoubtedly had visionary experiences, he rarely mentioned them. Greek has two terms for “vision,” optasia and horama. Optasia is found only once in Paul’s letters (2 Cor 12:1) and horama is not found at all. Apokalypsis, “revelation,” and apokalyptō, “to reveal,”
Dictionary of the Later New Testament & Its Developments
Visions, Ecstatic Experience
Visions, Ecstatic ExperienceEcstasy is the state of being removed from the awareness of the mundane perceptions of the sensory world and awakening to the perception of the extrasensory world. Those who experience ekstasis, and the community that has a sufficient number of members who have this experience,
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
VISION (some derivative of Heb. ḥāzâ, to “perceive”; Gk. haraō; or of rā˒â, to “see”; optomai). A supernatural presentation of certain scenery or circumstances to the mind of a person while awake (Num. 12:6–8). Balaam speaks of himself as having seen “the vision of the Almighty” (24:16). In the
Key passages
Ge 32:30

Then Jacob called the name of the place Peniel which means “I have seen God face to face and my life was spared.”

Nu 12:6

and he said, “Please hear my words: If there is a prophet among you, I, Yahweh, will make myself known to him in a vision. I will speak to him in a dream.

Is 6:1–4

In the year of the death of Uzziah the king, I saw the Lord sitting on a high and raised throne, and the hem of his robe was filling the temple. Seraphs were standing above him. Each had six wings: with two he covered his face, and with two he covered his feet, and with …

Je 23:16

Thus says Yahweh of hosts: “You must not listen to the words of the prophets who prophesy to you. They are deluding you with visions of their mind, They do not speak from the mouth of Yahweh.

Eze 1:1

And it was in the thirtieth year, in the fourth month, on the fifth day of the month, and I was in the midst of the exiles by the Kebar River. The heavens were opened, and I saw visions of God.

Ac 2:17

‘And it will be in the last days,’ God says, ‘I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh, and your sons and your daughters will prophesy, and your young men will see visions, and your old men will dream dreams.

See also
Topics & Themes