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Vashti
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The queen of King Ahasuerus of Persia. She was deposed when she defied the king (Esth 1:9–12, 15–21). The king summoned her on the seventh day of his great feast to show her off to his guests, but she refused to come. The furious king sought the advice of his experts, who counseled him to depose her because she had disrespected his position. They also warned that women throughout Persia and Media might follow her example of defiance against her husband if she were not punished. No affiliation can be confirmed between Vashti and Amestris, who Greek historian Herodotus says is the wife of Ahasuerus (called Xerxes in Herodotus; Histories 7.61; 9.109–112).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Vashti
Vashti (וַשְׁתִּי‎, washtiy). The queen of King Ahasuerus of Persia. She was deposed when she defied the king (Esth 1:9–12, 15–21). The king summoned her on the seventh day of his great feast to show her off to his guests, but she refused to come. The furious king sought the advice of his experts, who
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Vashti (Person)
VASHTI (PERSON) [Heb waštî (וַשְׁתִּי)]. Wife of Ahasuerus and queen in the Persian Empire about 485–465 b.c., and a prominent character early in the story of Esther (Esth 1:9, 11, 12, 15, 16, 17, 19; 2:1, 4, 17). Her refusal to respond positively to an invitation from the king threatens to demean not
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Vashti
Vashti. Queen during the reign of Ahasuerus (Xerxes I) who was deposed for refusing to show herself to the guests at a royal banquet (Est 1:9–19; 2:1, 4, 17). Since neither she nor Esther is otherwise known in secular history, many have suggested that they were inferior wives or concubines who were simply
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Vashti
Vashti vashʹtī [Heb. waštî < Persian, either Avestan vahišta—‘the best’ or perhaps a fem pass part of uas—‘the beloved/desired one’]. The queen of King Ahasuerus (Xerxes I, 486–465 b.c.) whose refusal to appear at the king’s command (Est. 1:10–12) led to her removal and replacement by Esther the
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Vashti
VASHTI Queen during the reign of Ahasuerus (Xerxes I) who was deposed for refusing to show herself to the guests at a royal banquet (Est 1:9–19). Since neither she nor Esther is otherwise known in secular history, many have suggested that they were inferior wives or concubines who were simply dignified
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Vashti
Vashti (vash´ti), according to the book of Esther, the queen of the Persian king Ahasuerus (Xerxes I). There are no extrabiblical references to such a person in Persian history, but Vashti is a memorable character in a story related in Esther 1:3–2:4. According to this account, Ahasuerus gave a banquet
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Vashti
VASHTI. The queen of the Persian king Ahasuerus (Xerxes). When the king commanded her to appear with her royal crown at his banquet in order to display her beauty to his nobles, she refused (Est 1:9–12a). The angered monarch was advised to depose her (vv. 12b–19). She was replaced by the beautiful young
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Vashti
Vashti (Heb. waštɩ̂)The queen of Persian king Ahasuerus (Xerxes I, 486/485–465 b.c.e.). At the culmination of a great display of his wealth before his satraps, Ahasuerus orders Vashti (cf. Pers. vahišta, “the best”; uas, “the beloved” or “desired one”) to display her beauty before the assembly (Esth.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Vashti
Vashti [văshˊtī] (Heb. waštî; cf. Pers. vahišta “the best,” uas “one who is beloved”). The wife of King Ahasuerus (Xerxes I, 486–465 B.C.; so NIV). On the last day of a great feast the king commanded Vashti to come before his guests to exhibit her beauty (Esth. 1:10–11). Her refusal so enraged
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Vashti
*VASHTI ושׁתיI. Jensen 1892:62 suggested that the name of Queen Vashti, the spouse of Ahasuerus in Est 1:9 (cf. 1:11, 12, 15, 16, 17, 19; 2:1, 4, 17), is related to the presumed Elamite goddess *Wašti (or Mašti). Since there are more plausible explanations to the name Vashti, there is no need to make
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Vashti
VASHTI The wife of Ahasuerus (Xerxes I) and the queen of the Persian Empire at the start of the book of Esther (Esth 1:9, 11, 12, 15–19; 2:1, 4, 17). Little is known about her except that she refused the king’s order to make a public appearance (Esth 1:11). Ahasuerus consulted his counselors for advice
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Vashti
Vash´ti (beautiful), the “queen” of Ahasuerus, who, for refusing to show herself to the king’s guests at the royal banquet, when sent for by the king, was repudiated and deposed. Esther 1. (b.c. 483.) Many attempts have been made to identify her with historical personages; but it is far more probable
See also
Relatives
Ahasuerus Husband
Roles