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Valley of Elah
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A valley in the Shephelah, between Azekah and Socoh, where David killed Goliath (1 Sam 17:2, 19; 21:9). The Valley of Elah is modern Wadi es-Sant.Elah means “terebinth.” The Valley of Elah ran east to west between Israelite and Philistine territory, with Gath to the west, which made it a likely spot for a clash between the two powers. In 1 Samuel 17, the Israelite forces were probably on the hills on the north side of the valley, with the Philistines opposite them.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Valley of Elah
Elah, Valley of (עֵמֶק הָאֵלָה‎, emeq ha'elah). A valley in the Shephelah, between Azekah and Socoh, where David killed Goliath (1 Sam 17:2, 19; 21:9). The Valley of Elah is modern Wadi es-Sant.Elah means “terebinth.” The Valley of Elah ran east to west between Israelite and Philistine territory, with
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Elah, Valley of (Place)
ELAH, VALLEY OF (PLACE) [Heb ʿēmeq hāʾēlâ (עֵמֶק הָאֵלָה)]. The place where the Israelites under the command of Saul were encamped in the face-off with the Philistines which resulted in David’s slaying of Goliath. This event is recorded in 1 Samuel 17, and the place name is mentioned in 17:2 and
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Elah, Valley of
Elah, Valley of. Southernmost valley in the Shephelah, starting at Hebron and descending in a northerly direction before turning west. At the Wadi al-Sant it comes together with other valleys, and at this juncture there is a wide, level valley about one-half mile wide. It was here that the great struggle
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Elah, Valley of
Elah, Valley of [Heb. ʿēmeq hāʾēlâ—‘valley of the terebinth’; Gk. B hē koilás Ēla, A tēs dryós]. The scene of the events of 1 S. 17:2ff., referred to also in 1 S. 21:9 (MT 10). The location of this valley is established by reference to the towns in the former passage. Socoh is to be identified
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Elah, Valley of
ELAH, VALLEY OF Southernmost valley in the Shephelah, starting at Hebron and descending in a northerly direction before turning west. At the Wadi al-Sant it comes together with other valleys, and at this juncture there is a wide, level valley about one-half mile (.8 kilometer) wide. It was here that
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Elah
Elah (ee´luh).1 The valley in Judah where David is reported to have killed Goliath (1 Sam. 17:2, 19; 21:9); it was protected by the cities of Libnah and Azekah (modern Wadi es-Sant).2 The son and successor of Baasha, and king of Israel ca. 877–876 bce. He ruled for fewer than two years. While intoxicated,
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Elah, Valley of
ELAH, VALLEY OF. A valley which was the scene of the duel between David and Goliath (1 Sam 17). Since the narrative indicates that the two armies confronted one another in strong positions on the heights, the valley is probably Wadi es-Sant, a steep-sided ravine W of Bethlehem, running from the heart
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Elah
ELAH (Heb. ’ēlâ, ‘terebinth’). A valley used by the Philistines to gain access to Central Palestine. It was the scene of David’s victory over Goliath (1 Sa. 17:2; 21:9), and is generally identified with the modern Wadi es-Sant, 18 km SW of Jerusalem.J. D. Douglas.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Elah (Place)
Elah (Heb. ʾēlâ), VALLEY OFThe valley where the drama between David and Goliath was played out before Philistine forces and Saul’s militia (1 Sam. 17:2–3, 19; cf. 21:9 [MT 10]). The valley (Heb. ʿēmeq hāʾēlâ, “valley of the terebinth”) is identified with the fertile Wadi es-Sant\ (“Valley of Acacia”),
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Elah, Valley of
Elah, Valley of (Heb. ˓ēmeq hā˒ēlâ “valley of the terebinth”). A fertile valley in the Shephelah, identified with Wâdī es-Sant (“valley of the acacia”), about 24 km. (15 mi.) west-southwest of Bethlehem; it parallels the Wâdī eṣ-Ṣarâr (“valley of Sorek”), located immediately to the north.
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Elah (Valley Of)
ELAH (VALLEY OF) A valley southwest of Jerusalem, extending towards the land of the Philistines, through which passed the important road from Philistia to the Judean Hills and Jerusalem. It was there that David slew Goliath (1 Sam. 17:2, 21:9). Identified with Wadi es-Samt.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Elah the valley of
E´lah, The valley of (valley of the terebinth), the valley in which David killed Goliath. 1 Sam. 17:2, 19. It lay somewhere near Socoh of Judah and Azekah, and was nearer Ekron than any other Philistine town. 1 Sam. 17.