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United Kingdom
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Also called the United Monarchy. Refers to the period of Israel’s history when the tribes of Israel were united under a single king (ca. mid 11th century to late 10th century bc). The period of the judges ended and the monarchy began when God allowed Samuel to acquiesce to the people’s demand for a king like the other nations (1 Sam 8:1–22). The various estimates for the beginning and end of this period range from 1051 bc to 922 bc. Saul, son of Kish, from the tribe of Benjamin, was Israel’s first king (1 Sam 10:1). The length of his reign is debated due to textual issues with 1 Sam 13:1 where the numbers indicating Saul’s age and the length of his reign have dropped out of the text. Saul probably reigned at least 22 years and possibly as long as 42 years. David likely became king over Judah around 1010 bc and then king over all Israel in 1003. David reigned for 40 years (1 Kgs 2:11) and was succeeded by his son Solomon around 970 bc. Solomon also reigned for 40 years (1 Kgs 11:42), placing the end of his reign around 930 bc.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
United Kingdom
United Kingdom Also called the United Monarchy. Refers to the period of Israel’s history when the tribes of Israel were united under a single king (ca. mid 11th century to late 10th century bc). The period of the judges ended and the monarchy began when God allowed Samuel to acquiesce to the people’s
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
United Kingdom, United Monarchy
united kingdom, united monarchy, the period when the twelve tribes of Israel were under one king, usually conceived as the era of David and Solomon. The first king of Israel was actually Saul, but in many ways his rise to power and subsequent reign were similar to those of the judges. He was at least
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
United Monarchy
United MonarchyUnited Monarchy, the period when the twelve tribes of Israel were under one king. David’s becoming king over Judah (2 Sam. 2:1–7) was largely on the same basis as Saul’s kingship; both were military heroes rising to kingship. However, when David became king over Israel (2 Sam. 5:1–5)
Compton’s Encyclopedia
United Kingdom
United KingdomUnited Kingdom.Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.The United Kingdom is an island country of western Europe. It consists of four parts: England, Scotland, and Wales, which
Dictionary of the Old Testament: Historical Books
History of Israel 3: United Monarchy
HISTORY OF ISRAEL 3: UNITED MONARCHYThe term united monarchy refers to the period of Israelite history that witnessed the paradigm shift in national leadership from that of tribal confederacy to dynastic state. Two defining characteristics distinguishing the Hebrew tribal league during the era of the
Dictionary of Christianity and Science: The Definitive Reference for the Intersection of Christian Faith and Contemporary Science
The United Monarchy and Earlier
The United Monarchy and EarlierPrior to the invasion of Canaan by the pharaoh Sheshonq in 925 BC, there are no external sources that corroborate events described in the Bible. Indeed, precisely dating the raid of Sheshonq is only possible by using biblical evidence. Thus chronology prior to this date
Key passages
1 Sa 9:26–31:13

They got up early, and as dawn was breaking, Samuel called to Saul on the roof, saying, “Get up, so that I can send you away.” So Saul got up and the two of them, he and Samuel, went outside. As they were going down to the outskirts of the town, Samuel said to Saul, “Tell the servant …

2 Sa 1:1–24:25

After the death of Saul, David returned from defeating the Amalekites and he stayed at Ziklag two days. On the third day, a man came from the camp from being with Saul, with his clothes torn and with dirt on his head. When he came to David, …

1 Ki 1:1–11:43

Now King David had become old, advanced in years, and they covered him with garments, but he was not warm. His servants said to him, “Let them search for a young virgin for my lord the king, and let her stand before the king. Let her be of use for him, and let her lie in your …

1 Ch 5:10–6:49

And in the days of Saul they made war against the Hagrites, and they fell into their hand. And they lived in their tents in all the region east of Gilead. And the sons of Gad lived near to them in the land of Bashan as far as Salecah: Joel the chief, Shapham the second, …

1 Ch 10:1–23:6

Now the Philistines fought against Israel, and every Israelite fled away from before the Philistines. And they fell slain upon Mount Gilboa. And the Philistines overtook Saul and his sons. And the Philistines killed Jonathan, Abinadab, and Malki-Shua, the sons …

1 Ch 28:1–29:28

Then David assembled all the commanders of Israel, the commanders of the tribes and the commanders of working groups who served the king, and the commanders of thousands, the commanders of hundreds, and the commanders over all the property of the king and his sons, with …

2 Ch 1:1–9:31

And Solomon the son of David strengthened himself concerning his kingdom, and Yahweh his God was with him and made him exceedingly great. And Solomon spoke to all Israel, to the commanders of thousands and of hundreds, and to the judges, and to all the leaders for all Israel, …

2 Ch 13:6

But Jeroboam the son of Nebat, a servant of Solomon the son of David, rose up and rebelled against his master,