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Trypho
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The surname of Diodotus, a usurper of the Seleucid throne (145 bc) during the Maccabean period (1 Macc 11:38–40, 54–59; 12:39–13:24, 31–32; 14:1; 15:10–14, 25, 37–39).Trypho was a native of Apamea, in the service of Alexander Balas. Balas seized the Seleucid throne after the death of Demetrius I in 150 bc. Demetrius II, son of Demetrius I (1 Macc 11:39), opposed Balas and tried to recover his father’s throne. When Balas died in 145 bc, Trypho set up Antiochus VI (Balas’ younger son) as claimant to the throne, with himself as regent (1 Macc 11:39).Jonathan Maccabeus and the Jewish soldiers originally supported Demetrius. But when Demetrius was in power, he broke his promises (1 Macc 11:53). Consequently, Jonathan and Simon, his brother, joined Trypho and Antiochus VI (1 Macc 11:54), and Demetrius was driven out of Antioch.Trypho then grew suspicious of Jonathan and decided to kill him. Trypho captured Jonathan by treachery at Ptolemais and butchered all his followers (1 Macc 12:48). Simon then became leader and thwarted Trypho in his attempts upon Jerusalem. Trypho then murdered Jonathan at Baskama (1 Macc 13:23) in 142 bc. Trypho next murdered the young Antiochus VI (1 Macc 13:31) and claimed the throne of Syria for himself (142 bc).Simon now joined Demetrius’ side, demanding in return that Judaea should be free from tribute to Syria (1 Macc 13:33–35). However, Demetrius was captured by Mithridates I (Arsaces), king of Parthia (1 Macc 14:2). Demetrius’ brother, Antiochus VII, continued the struggle against Trypho. At first Antiochus VII accepted Simon’s help, but later refused it (1 Macc 15:27).Antiochus VII pursued Trypho to Dor (1 Macc 15:11), Ptolemais, Orthosia, and finally to Apamea, where Antiochus captured and killed him (Josephus, Antiquities 13.223).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Trypho
Trypho (Τρύφων, Tryphōn). The surname of Diodotus, a usurper of the Seleucid throne (145 bc) during the Maccabean period (1 Macc 11:38–40, 54–59; 12:39–13:24, 31–32; 14:1; 15:10–14, 25, 37–39).Trypho was a native of Apamea, in the service of Alexander Balas. Balas seized the Seleucid throne after the
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Trypho (Person)
TRYPHO (PERSON) [Gk Tryphōn (Τρυφων)]. Trypho (“magnificent, luxurious”), the epithet of Diodotus, a usurper of the Seleucid throne who influenced Hasmonean policies in Judea (1 Maccabees 11–15). Diodotus was born in Kasiana, near Apamea, S of Antioch. Around 150 b.c.e., the inept Alexander Balas appointed
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Trypho
Trypho trī̀fō [Gk. Tryphōn]; AV TRYPHON. The surname of Diodotus, a general who served under Alexander I Balas (150–145 b.c.). The death of Alexander left Demetrius II Nicator (145–138 b.c.) as the sole ruler of the Seleucid kingdom. But Trypho was determined to continue the contest with Demetrius
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Trypho
Trypho (Gk. Trypĥn)Epithet (“magnificent, luxurious”) of Diodotus, general and later king in the tumultuous latter years of Seleucid rule in Syria, which included Palestine. The consequences of his deeds for policies and events in Judea are recorded in 1 Macc. 11–15.Trypho first appears in historical
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Trypho
Trypho [trīˊfō] (Gk. Tryphōn).* A general of the Seleucid king Alexander Balas and rebel against the next king, Demetrius II. Trypho (KJV “Tryphon”) claimed the throne of Syria for Balas’ son Antiochus VI and later for himself (142–138 B.C.). His actual name was Diodotus; “Trypho” was probably
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Trypho
TRYPHO The surname of Diodotus, an officer under Alexander Balas. A native of Kasiana, near Apamea, he served as general but then faced political difficulty when Demetrius II defeated Alexander and claimed the Seleucid throne. Trypho seized Balas’s son, Antiochus VI Epiphanes, crowned him king in 145
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Tryphon
Try´phon, a usurper of the Syrian throne. His proper name was Diodotus, and the surname Tryphon was given to him or adopted by him after his accession to power. He was a native of Cariana. 1 Macc. 11:39; 12:39–50, etc. “Tryphon, by treason and successive wars, gained supreme power, killed Antiochus and
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
TRYPHON
TRYPHON<tri’-fon> ([Τρύφων, Truphon]): The surname of Diodotus, a usurper of the Syrian throne. He was a native of Apamea, and had been in the service of Alexander Balas. On the death of Balas (145 BC), Tryphon, taking advantage of the complaints of discontent among the troops of Demetrius II (Nicator),
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Volumes I–III
TRYPHON (Τρύφων)
TRYPHON (Τρύφων), artists. 1. An eminent engraver of precious stones, whose beryl, engraved with a figure of the sea-nymph Galene, is mentioned in an epigram by Addaeus (No. 6, Brunck, Anal. vol. ii. p. 242), who appears to have lived in the time of Alexander the Great and his successors. There is a
TRYPHON (Τρύφων)
TRYPHON (Τρύφων). 1. A surgeon, who lived at Rome shortly before the time of Celsus, that is, probably in the first century b. c. (Cels. De Med. vi. 5, vii. 1. pp. 117, 137.) As Celsus calls him “Tryphon pater,” there would seem to have been another medical man of the same name, who lived somewhat later.
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 5, Q–Z
Trypho
Trypho tri’foh (Τρύφων, “luxurious”). KJV Tryphon. The surname of Diodotus, a usurper of the Seleucid throne. He was a native of Apamea in Syria. The name Trypho was adopted by him after his accession to power. He was a general of Alexander I Balas, king of Syria (150–145 B.C.), who claimed to be the
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Tryphon
TRYPHON, trīʹfon (Τρύφων, Trúphōn): The surname of Diodotus, a usurper of the Syrian throne. He was a native of Apamea, and had been in the service of Alexander Balas. On the death of Balas (145 BC), Tryphon, taking advantage of the murmurs of discontent among the troops of Demetrius II (Nicator),
All the People in the Bible: An A–Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture
Trypho
Trypho [trī-fō] (Τρύφον, “Man of Luxury”): a murderous rebel who tried to manipulate the Seleucid (Syrian) throne (1 Macc. 11:39)
Trypho (142�138 BCE)
Trypho (142–138 bce)Trypho was a Syrian soldier named Diodatus (some references say he was a freed slave) in the army of the Seleucid emperor Alexander Balas. A man of great ability and even greater ambition, by 150 bce Trypho had risen to the rank of general.When Demetrius II Nicator led the overthrow
Diodotus Trypho
Diodotus Trypho [dī-o--tus trī-fō] (Διοδότος, “Divine [or Glorious] Giver”; Τρύφον, “Man of Luxury”): a murderous rebel who tried to manipulate the Seleucid (Syrian) throne (1 Macc. 11:39)
See also