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Tree
Plants
Dictionaries
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Box Tree
Box Tree. kjv translation of a tree of uncertain identity in Isaiah 41:19 and 60:13, called “pine” in the rsv.See Plants.
Fir Tree
Fir Tree. Translation of several Hebrew words in the OT that possibly designate a conifer type of tree. Positive identification is not possible.See Plants.
Heath
Heath. Type of evergreen shrub; kjv mistranslation for shrub and for wild ass in Jeremiah 17:6 and 48:6, respectively.See Plants (Juniper).
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Box-Tree;Boxwood
Box-Tree; Boxwood See Pine Tree. For AV “box trees” in 2 Esd. 14:24, see Writing Tablets.
Fir Tree
Fir Tree [Heb. berôš (Ps. 104:17; Ezk. 27:5; 31:8); NEB also “tops” (Ps. 104:17), PINE (Ezk. 27:5). The true fir, Abies cilicia Carr., though well suited to regions such as Lebanon, is seldom found there and as an identification has generally been abandoned by botanists in favor of either the pine
Pine (Tree)
Pine (Tree) [Heb. teʾaššûr] (Isa. 41:19; 60:13; Ezk. 27:6); AV BOX TREE, “Ashurites” (Ezk. 27:6); NEB BOX, BOXWOOD; [Heb. berôṯ] (Cant. 1:17); AV, NEB, FIR. Hebrew teʾššûr (Ugar. tšrm) should normally be regarded as the designation of the slender cypress Cupressus sempervirens L. If it can
Brushwood
Brushwood [Heb. śôḵaṯ ‘ēṣîm—‘branches of trees’ (Jgs. 9:48), hamāsîm (Isa. 64:2)]; AV BOUGH, “melting.” Cut boughs of trees, decayed and dried out, useful for kindling fires.
Bush
Bush [Heb. seneh, śî (a)ḥ; Gk. bâtos]; AV also SHRUB (Gen. 21:15); NEB also wormwood” (Job 30:4), “brambles” (Lk. 6:44).The Heb. seneh (Ex. 3:2–4; Dt. 33:16) refers to Moses’ burning bush, as does the Gk. bátos, in Mk. 12:26; Lk. 20:37; Acts 7:30, 35. Of several varieties of bramble (cf. Lk.
Heath
HeathThe AV translation of Heb. ʿarʿār in Jer. 17:6 (RSV SHRUB; NEB JUNIPER) and of ʿarôʿēr in 48:6 (RSV “wild ass”; NEB “sand-grouse”). In the latter passage, the RSV emends the text, following the LXX and Aquila.See also Flora; Tamarisk.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Box Tree
BOX TREE* kjv translation of a tree of uncertain identity in Isaiah 41:19 and 60:13, called “pine” in the rsv. See Plants.
Fir Tree
FIR TREE Translation of several Hebrew words in the OT that possibly designate a conifer. Positive identification is not possible. See Plants.
Heath
HEATH* Type of evergreen shrub; kjv mistranslation for shrub or bush in Jeremiah 17:6 and 48:6. See Plants (Juniper).
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Trees
trees. In the ancient Near East, scrub forests of oak and terebinth covered portions of the central hill country, Galilee, and Gilead, and solitary specimens or groves dotted the hills and valleys. Willows formed thickets along the Jordan (Jer. 12:5) and flourished by perennial streams. Tamarisks marked
Log
log.1 The smallest Hebrew measure of capacity, about two-thirds of a pint. See also weights and measures.2 A piece of wood, usually the trunk portion of a tree (cf. Matt. 7:3). See also beam.
Pine
pine, a tree of the genus Pinus, producing edible cones and straight-grained, highly resinous wood. The stone pine (Pinus pinea) grew plentifully in the sandy soil near the Mediterranean coast. Its wood was good for construction (Song of Sol. 1:17), fitting ships (Ezek. 27:6), reclamation (Isa. 41:19),
Wood
wood. A highly valued resource in the ancient Near East, wood was used for the manufacture of everything from small everyday household items to the palaces of kings and temples and altars of deities. It was especially important as fuel for domestic hearths and industrial installations such as kilns,
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Trees
TREES. Comments in the article on *Plants concerning the uncertainty of identifications apply equally to the trees.Trees and timber are frequently mentioned in the Bible. The Holy Land itself can never have been thickly afforested, though woodlands are known to have occurred in areas now devoid of trees.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Trees
TreesBotanically speaking, any woody perennial plant with one main stem or trunk and at least 3 m. (10 ft.) tall. Woody plants less than 3 m. tall are shrubs. At least 51 Hebrew and 12 Greek terms have been identified in the Bible as referring to specific types of woody plants or trees. This number
Pine
PineAny of the various coniferous evergreens with long, slender needles, of the genus Pinus. Pines were common in biblical lands, although they are seldom mentioned in the Bible. The stone pine (Pinus pinea) thrives in the sandy soil and warm climate of the Palestinian coastal plain. This tree matures
Wood
WoodWood (Heb. ʿēṣ; Gk. xýlon) was an important commodity in biblical times. Timber was used in the construction of buildings such as Solomon’s temple, which contained a variety of woods including cedar, algum, cypress, and olive wood (1 Kgs. 6:14–36). To acquire cedar, cypress, and algum timber,
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Tree
Tree (Heb. ˓ēṣ; Aram. ˒îlān; Gk. déndron, xýlon). Palestine enjoys a varied climate, soil, and elevation, all of which provide a suitable location for a large variety of trees. These included in biblical times acacia, almond, apple, cedar, cypress, fir, oak, palm, pine, plane, poplar, sycamore,
Bush
Bush (Heb. seneh; Gk. bátos). According to tradition the burning bush associated with the theophany through which Moses received his mission from God (Exod. 3:2–4; Deut. 33:16; Mark 12:26 par. Luke 20:37; Acts 7:30, 35) was a thornbush. Some scholars have identified it with the bramble (rubus
Pine
Pine. †Any of the various species of coniferous evergreen trees with long slender needles, of the genus Pinus. A number of pines are native to Palestine and Lebanon, including the Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) and the brutian pine (Pinus brutia).Identification of trees mentioned in the Old
Wood
Wood (Heb. ˓ēṣ, ya ˓ar; Gk. xýlon). Much more plentiful in ancient Israel than in modern Palestine, wood of many varieties was widely used for construction. Noah built his ark of gopher wood (Gen. 6:14), while Moses constructed the tabernacle, including the ark, poles, and altar, of acacia wood
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Box tree
Box tree. Isa. 41:19; 60:13. A beautiful evergreen growing in many parts of Europe and Asia. Its hard wood is much prized by engravers. The reference in Isa. 60:13 is supposed by some to mean a species of cedar.
Pine tree
Pine tree1. Heb. tidhâr. Isa. 41:19; 60:13. What tree is intended is not certain; but the rendering “pine” seems least probable of any. 2. Shemen, Neh. 8:15, is probably the wild olive.An Eastern Pine.
Bush
Bush. The Hebrew word seneh occurs only in the those passages which refer to Jehovah’s appearance to Moses “in the flame of fire in the bush.” Ex. 3:2, 3, 4; Deut. 33:16. It is quite impossible to say what kind of thorn bush is intended; but it was probably the acacia, a small variety of the shittim
Fir
Fir. Isa. 14:8; Ezek. 27:5, etc. As the term “cedar” is in all probability applicable to more than one tree, so also “fir” in the Authorized Version represents probably one or other of the following trees:1. Pinus sylvestris, or Scotch fir; 2. Larch; 3. Cupressus sempervirens, or cypress, all which
Heath
Heath, Jer. 17:6, was some species of juniper, probably the savin, a dwarf, stunted juniper which grows in the most sterile parts of the desert.
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Tree
TREE (Heb. ˓ēṣ; Gk. dendron). Trees in Palestine, as elsewhere, were objects of beauty and utility (Ps. 1:3).
Bush
BUSH (Heb. sneh, “bramble”; Gk. batos). The burning bush in which Jehovah manifested Himself to Moses at Horeb (Ex. 3:2; etc.; Deut. 33:16; Mark 12:26; Acts 7:30, 35). This was probably the bramble. See Vegetable Kingdom: Burning Bush.
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Box-tree
Box-tree(Heb. teashshur), mentioned in Isa. 60:13; 41:19, was, according to some, a species of cedar growing in Lebanon. The words of Ezek. 27:6 literally translated are, “Thy benches they have made of ivory, the daughter of the ashur tree,” i.e., inlaid with ashur wood. The ashur is the box-tree, and
Pine tree
Pine treeHeb. tidhar, mentioned along with the fir-tree in Isa. 41:19; 60:13. This is probably the cypress; or it may be the stone-pine, which is common on the northern slopes of Lebanon. Some suppose that the elm, others that the oak, or holm, or ilex, is meant by the Hebrew word. In Neh. 8:15 the
Bush
Bushin which Jehovah appeared to Moses in the wilderness (Ex. 3:2; Acts 7:30). It is difficult to say what particular kind of plant or bush is here meant. Probably it was the mimosa or acacia. The words “in the bush” in Mark 12:26; Luke 20:37, mean “in the passage or paragraph on the bush;” i.e., in
Fir
Firthe uniform rendering in the Authorized Version (marg. R.V., “cypress”) of berosh (2 Sam. 6:5; 1 Kings 5:8, 10; 6:15, 34; 9:11, etc.), a lofty tree (Isa. 55:13) growing on Lebanon (37:24). Its wood was used in making musical instruments and doors of houses, and for ceilings (2 Chr. 3:5), the decks
Heath
HeathHeb. ʾarar, (Jer. 17:6; 48:6), a species of juniper called by the Arabs by the same name (‘arar), the Juniperus sabina or savin. “Its gloomy, stunted appearance, with its scale-like leaves pressed close to its gnarled stem, and cropped close by the wild goats, as it clings to the rocks about Petra,
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Trees
Treestrees, prized and sometimes venerated in ancient Palestine. Scrub forests of oak and terebinth covered portions of the central hill country, Galilee and Gilead, while solitary specimens or groves dotted the hills and valleys. Willows formed thickets along the Jordan (Jer. 12:5) and flourished
Fir Tree
Fir Treefir tree, a general term often mentioned in the book of Isaiah in reference to coniferous evergreens, such as the cypress, juniper, and pine. Specifically, ‘fir tree’ most likely refers to the stately Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis), a tree common to the arid hilly regions of Palestine and Lebanon.
Pine
Pinepine, a word used as both noun and verb in the ot. 1 A tree of the genus Pinus with straight-grained highly resinous wood, good for construction (Song of Sol. 1:17), shipfitting (Ezek. 27:6), reclamation (Isa. 41:19), decoration (Isa. 60:13), aromatics, and other products. 2 A verb meaning to fade
See also
Topics & Themes