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Travel In Biblical Times
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The Bible contains many narratives that provide insight into the travel conditions and practices of the biblical world. Such narratives include:Abraham’s journeys;• the exodus and wilderness wanderings;• Joseph and Mary’s journey to Bethlehem;• the story of the Good Samaritan; andPaul’s missionary travels.Noncanonical literature also includes accounts of people traveling in the ancient world. For example, in Tobit 5:4–6:18, Tobias travels from Ecbatana to Rages—a trip of about 185 miles that took Alexander the Great and his armies 11 days (Arrian, Anabasis 3.20). Additionally, the works of Greek and Roman authors can help contextualize our understanding of biblical travel. Works of particular value include:Herodotus’ The Histories;• Julius Caesar’s The Gallic Wars;• Josephus’ The Jewish War and The Antiquities of the Jews;• Apuleius’ The Golden Ass; and• Pausanias’ Description of Greece.Beyond literary evidence, archaeological evidence provides a glimpse into travel practices in antiquity. Although many travel-related items (e.g., clothes, bags, tents, and tack and harnesses) were made from natural materials that have not stood the test of time, there are depictions of such items in ancient engravings and artwork. Archaeologists have uncovered shipwrecks that provide insight into travel by boat (Casson, Ships and Seamanship). Roman roads also provide a valuable source for our understanding of travel (Chevallier, Roman Roads; Tsafrir et al., Tabula Imperii).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Travel in Biblical Times
Travel in Biblical Times The Bible contains many narratives that provide insight into the travel conditions and practices of the biblical world. Such narratives include:Abraham’s journeys;• the exodus and wilderness wanderings;• Joseph and Mary’s journey to Bethlehem;• the story of the Good Samaritan;
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Travel and Communication
TRAVEL AND COMMUNICATION. This entry consists of two articles surveying the logistics of traveling and communicating over distance. The first focuses on the ANE world of the OT, and the second focuses on the Roman world of the NT.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Travel
TRAVEL In biblical times travelers found roads bad and often impassable. Sea voyages were made in comparatively small ships, usually by military and commercial personnel, and hardly ever for simple tourist traffic. With little reason to travel, ordinary citizens tended to remain in fairly limited areas.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Travel and Communication
TRAVEL AND COMMUNICATION. In ancient Bible times travel and communication were not always easy. Means of transportation were quite primitive, according to modern standards, but at an early time countries developed both land and sea transportation and communication for political, military and commercial
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Travel In Biblical Times
TRAVEL IN BIBLICAL TIMES. Travel in the world of biblical times was governed by the available land and water routes. Early in the history of the ancient Near East, especially in Mesopotamia and Egypt, rivers and coastal waters provided the best means for trade or travel. Bridle tracks developed to link
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Travel, Transportation
Travel, TransportationIndividuals in biblical times traveled for the same reasons people have always traveled: searching for employment (Judg. 17:8), procuring goods (Prov. 31:14), moving (1 Kgs. 2:36), courting (Judg. 14:5–7), attending weddings and funerals (Gen. 50:1–14; Judg. 14:8–10; John 2:1),
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Travel
TRAVEL In ancient times the traveller had to face numerous dangers. He was virtually at the mercy of robbers and the none-too-friendly attitude of the people of the towns and villages through which he would have to pass, far away from the protection of his own folk. People did not travel much, therefore,
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Travel in the Roman World
Travel in the roman worldOne of the most important contributions to civilization made by the Roman Empire was the establishment of an elaborate and comprehensive network of travel and communications. Recent developments in archeological techniques have meant that our knowledge of the construction of
Catholic Bible Dictionary
B. Travels in Canaan and Egypt
B. Travels in Canaan and EgyptThe trip of Abram and his family—including Sarai and Lot—took him through Canaan, which the Lord promised Abram that his descendants would possess (Gen 12:7), then into Egypt, then back to Canaan, where he settled. Lot settled near Sodom, while Abram chose to remain in
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
Travel Stories
Travel StoriesTravel stories have always been popular. Their virtues as stories are obvious. They provide variety of both adventure and locale. They almost inevitably involve danger, risk, suspense and testing. Travel stories bring the traveler into encounters with unknown characters and customs. In
Key passages
Ex 16:29–30

See, because Yahweh has given to you the Sabbath, therefore he is giving to you on the sixth day bread for two days. Stay, each in his location; let no one go from his place on the seventh day.” And the people rested on the seventh day.

Mt 2:21

So he got up and took the child and his mother and entered the land of Israel.

Ac 19:29

And the city was filled with the tumult, and with one purpose they rushed into the theater, seizing Gaius and Aristarchus, Macedonians who were traveling companions of Paul.

2 Co 8:19

And not only this, but he was also chosen by the churches as our traveling companion together with this gift that is being administered by us to the glory of the Lord himself and to show our readiness to help.

Jas 4:13

Come now, you who say, “Today or tomorrow we will travel to such and such a city and spend a year there, and carry on business and make a profit,”