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Tower
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Towers in the Ancient Near East
Towers in the Ancient Near East Examines characteristics of various tall structures in the ancient Near East.
Ziggurat
Ziggurat Large religious structures built in ancient Mesopotamia that took the form of a stepped pyramid. The tower of Babel was likely a type of ziggurat (Gen 11:4–9). Archaeologists have discovered several ziggurats, including those found in Uruk and Ur.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Towers
TOWERS. The term tower, as it is used in biblical, historical, and archaeological literature pertaining to the Near East, describes structures with a wide array of functions.In the OT the Hebrew word most commonly translated as “tower” is migdāl. In Greek the word is purgos, and in Arabic būrj. The
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Ziggurat
Ziggurat. Term meaning “temple tower”; a ziggurat was similar in profile to the step pyramid of Egypt and was used for worship. They were frequent in the major cities of Mesopotamia. The Tower of Babel (Gn 11:1–9) is believed to be of this construction. It was widely believed that deities dwelt above,
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tower
Tower The translation of several biblical terms with various meanings, but generally denoting a high structure used for purposes of watching, protection, or defense. The most common Hebrew word is mig̱dāl, from the root gdl, “be great, large.” It could designate a Watchtower for guarding a flock (Mic.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Ziggurat
ZIGGURAT* Term meaning “temple tower”; a ziggurat was similar in profile to the step pyramid of Egypt and was used for worship. They were frequent in the major cities of Mesopotamia. The Tower of Babel (Gn 11:1–9) is believed to have been of this construction. It was widely believed that deities dwelt
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Tower
tower. Towers constructed for military purposes included freestanding outposts that were located in strategic positions (2 Chron. 20:24; 26:10; 2 Kings 17:9; 18:8) and projecting bastions that were part of a city’s defense system (2 Chron. 14:7; 26:9; 32:5; Neh. 3:25–27). The dimensions of towers varied
Ziggurat
ziggurat (zig´uh-rat; from the Akkadian ziqqurratu, “temple tower,” a noun derived from zaqaru, “to build high”), a stepped temple with a rectangular or, later, square base, built mostly in Mesopotamia. Ziggurats usually had a sanctuary on the ground level, which perhaps was matched by a sanctuary on
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Tower
TOWER. The biblical tower, whether free-standing or surmounting a wall or other edifice, served for purposes of surveillance (cf. Isa 5:2; Mt 21:33) and/or defense (cf. 2 Chr 26:9, et al.). Heb. migdāl, the most common OT word for “tower,” is derived ultimately not from the Heb. root gdl, “to be great” (as
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Tower
TowerA defensive structure either built into a city wall or located on a hill as a watchtower. Towers (Heb. mig̱dāl) were built into city walls at strategic positions such as corners, city gates, and vulnerable locations. Massive towers built as part of the city gate structure (e.g., Megiddo, Samaria,
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Tower
Tower (Heb. mig̱dāl; Gk. pýrgos).† In biblical references, primarily a part of the defensive wall systems of cities. Towers were constructed as part of the heavy city walls and stood out so that the walls could be defended from an advantageous position. Towers could be round (as are the neolithic
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Tower
Tower. Watch-towers or fortified posts in frontier or exposed situations are mentioned in Scripture, as the tower of Edar, etc., Gen. 35:21; Isa. 21:5, 8, 11; Micah 4:8, etc.; the tower of Lebanon. 2 Sam. 8:6. Besides these military structures, we read in Scripture of towers built in vineyards as an
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Tower
TOWER.1. A siege tower (Isa. 23:13; Heb. bāḥûn, “strong”).2. Migdāl is from a root meaning “to become great.” See Migdol.3. Pinnôt, the corners and battlements of the walls of the fortifications (Zeph. 1:16; 3:6; 2 Chron. 26:15).4. Miṣpeh. See Mizpeh.5. Gk. Purgos, a “tower,” a fortified structure
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Towers
Towersof Babel (Gen. 11:4), Edar (Gen. 35:21), Penuel (Judg. 8:9, 17), Shechem (9:46), David (Cant. 4:4), Lebanon (7:4), Syene (Ezek. 29:10), Hananeel (Zech. 14:10), Siloam (Luke 13:4). There were several towers in Jerusalem (2 Chr. 26:9; Ps. 48:12). They were erected for various purposes, as watch-towers
See also
Topics & Themes