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Tob
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Often used in the expression “the land of Tob,” which suggests the city of Tob was used as a reference point for a larger area. Its precise location is unknown. Tob occurs in several major narratives and is always referenced as a land outside of Israel (e.g., Judg 11:3). It seems that it was near Gilead (Judg 11:5). Tob is the location that a group of 12,000 mercenaries come from to fight against King David (2 Sam 10:6). Later the narrative of 1 Maccabees notes that “kindred” of the Jews lived in Tob, and they were killed by the enemies of the Jews, presumably the Gentiles of Gilead (1 Macc 5:9, 13). The Jews called “Toubiani” (Τουβιανούς, Toubianous) may have been from Tob (2 Macc 12:17).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Tob
Tob (טוֹב‎, tov). Often used in the expression “the land of Tob,” which suggests the city of Tob was used as a reference point for a larger area. Its precise location is unknown. Tob occurs in several major narratives and is always referenced as a land outside of Israel (e.g., Judg 11:3). It seems that
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Tob (Place)
TOB (PLACE) [Heb ṭôb (טֹוב)]. Usually taken as the name of a Gileadite city, whose Jewish population had been slaughtered by the gentiles around them (1 Macc 5:13; Gk Toubion). Aharoni and Avi-Yonah (MBA, map no. 189) and Simons (GTTOT, section 257) identify the site as eṭ-Ṭayibeh (M.R. 266218),
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Tob
Tob. Place where Jephthah fled after his half-brothers threw him out for being illegitimate (Jgs 11:3, 5). During the reign of David, the Ammonites hired 12,000 men from Tob as mercenaries to fight against David (2 Sm 10:6, 8, kjv Ish-tob). It is probably the same as the Aramite kingdom named Tob which
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tob
Tob tob, tōb [Heb. ṭôḇ; Gk. Tōb, Apoc. Toubion]; AV also ISHTOB (for “men of Tob,” 2 S. 10:6–8), Apoc. TOBIE; NEB Apoc. TUBIAS; TOUBIANI too̅-beā̈ʹnē [Gk. Toubianoi] (2 Macc. 12:17); AV TUBIENI; NEB TUBIAN (JEWS). An Aramean city and its environs in the southern Hauran. It was at Tob that the
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Tob
TOB Place where Jephthah fled after his half brothers threw him out for being illegitimate (Jgs 11:3–5). During the reign of David, the Ammonites hired 12,000 men from Tob as mercenaries to fight against David (2 Sm 10:6–8). It is probably the same as the Aramite kingdom named Tob, which was located
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Tob
Tob (tohb), an Aramean city in the territory of Hauran. Jephthah fled to the land of Tob when his half brothers sought to kill him. He then collected outlaws from the region to join him in raiding parties. The elders of Gilead eventually came to Tob to recruit Jephthah as a commander in their war against
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Tob
TOB. A region E of the Jordan River to which Jephthah exiled himself after his father’s death when his brethren disowned him (Jdg 11:3–5). Later the elders found him there, and in desperation they constrained him to take command of their army. Hanun, the king of Ammon, drafted soldiers from this area
Ishtob
ISHTOB. Ishtob is the KJV reading for men of Tob.” It was a place in Syria or Palestine, perhaps a small state, that supplied 12,000 men to support the Ammonites in their war against Joab and his forces (2 Sam 10:6, 8). Jephthah had fled there from Gilead (Jdg 11:3, 5). See Tob.
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Tob
TOB. The name of an Aramaean city and principality lying N of Gilead, mentioned in connection with Jephthah and David (Jdg. 11:3; 2 Sa. 10:6); the district named in 1 Macc. 5:13 is probably identical. The likely location of the city is al-Taiyiba (preserving the ancient name), some 20 km ENE of Ramoth-gilead.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Tob
Tob (Heb. tôḇ)An Aramean city located in southern Hauran, perhaps capital of a larger region. In this area the elders of Gilead found Jephthah (Judg. 11:3, 5). Later, when the Ammonite king Haunan raised rebellion against David, Tob dispatched 12 thousand warriors to support Haunan (2 Sam. 10:6–8).
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Tob
Tob [tŏb] (Heb. ṭôḇ “good”; Gk. Toubion).† A place or region in Transjordan, north of the Yarmuk river. One of the Amarna Letters mentions a region called in Akkadian Dubu, which corresponds with Egyp. tuby on the list of Thutmose II. Here Jephthah fled when driven out by Jephthah’s direct
Ish-Tob
Ish-Tob [ĭshˊtŏb].* KJV translation of Heb. ˒îš-ṭôḇ “men of Tob” (so RSV) at 2 Sam. 10:6, 8. See Tob.
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Tob (Land Of)
TOB (LAND OF) A region in the northeast of Transjordan, where Jephthah the Gileadite fled from his brothers (Judg. 11:3). In the time of David the people of Tob, together with those of Beth-Rehob and Zobah, went to the assistance of Ammon (2 Sam. 10:6–8; Authorized Version: ‘Ish-tob’). Its location is
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Tob
TOB A region east of the Sea of Galilee where Jephthah took refuge after being driven out by his legitimate brothers; there he formed a gang of bandits (Judg 11:3). The Arameans of Tob marched to assist the Ammonites against David, but they shared in the defeat handed them by Joab (2 Sam 10:6–13). In
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