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Tirzah (city)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
City located northeast of Shechem that served as the capital of northern Israel during the divided kingdom, from Jeroboam’s reign to Omri’s reign.Joshua defeated the Canaanite king of Tirzah, probably by fighting a battle to take the city itself (Josh 12:24).There was a palace in Tirzah (1 Kgs 16:9), and several Israelite kings lived and ruled there: Jeroboam (1 Kgs 14:17), Baasha (1 Kgs 15:21, 33), Elah (1 Kgs 16:8), Zimri (1 Kgs 16:15), and Omri (1 Kgs 16:23). Baasha was buried in Tirzah (1 Kgs 16:6). Zimri assassinated King Elah in Tirzah (1 Kgs 16:9–16). Then, seven days later, Omri besieged the city and killed Zimri (1 Kgs 16:17–19).Tirzah is used as a comparison in the Song of Songs (Song 6:4). As northern Israel’s capital, Tirzah probably had wealth and beauty worthy of its name—which means “beauty” or “pleasure.”Scholars have identified several possible sites for Tirzah. Based on the similarity in names, Tulluza and Teyasir—both located northeast of Shechem—have been suggested as sites for Tirzah (Albright, “Site of Tirzah,” 244). However, aside from the linguistic similarities, neither location fits the biblical description of Tirzah. Today, most scholars accept Albright’s identification of Tell el-Farah North as Tirzah. For more information on the archaeology of the site, see this article: Tirzah, Archaeology of.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Tirzah
Tirzah (תרצה‎, trtsh). City located northeast of Shechem that served as the capital of northern Israel during the divided kingdom, from Jeroboam’s reign to Omri’s reign.Joshua defeated the Canaanite king of Tirzah, probably by fighting a battle to take the city itself (Josh 12:24).There was a palace
Tirzah, Critical Issues
Tirzah, Archaeology of Surveys issues related to the dating of the stratigraphy of Iron Age Tirzah (Tell el-Farah North).
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Tirzah (Place)
TIRZAH (PLACE) [Heb ṭirṣâ (טִרְצָה)]. A city in the mountains of Manasseh, and the third of Jeroboam’s homes (i.e., capitals; after Shechem and Penuel; 1 Kgs 12:25) following his accession as king of Israel (1 Kgs 14:17).A. Tirzah in the BibleB. Identification and LocationC. History of Explorations
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Tirzah (Place)
Tirzah (Place). Early capital city of the divided kingdom of Israel (1 Kgs 14:17; 15:21, 33; 16:6–23). It was one of the cities captured by Joshua (Jos 12:24), but did not gain prominence until Jeroboam established it as his royal residence (1 Kgs 14:17). Although Baasha intended to move his capital
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tirzah
Tirzah tir̀zə [Heb. tirṣâ; LXX usually Thersa or Tharsa]. An important town in the northern kingdom of Israel.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Tirzah (Place)
TIRZAH (Place) Early capital city of the divided kingdom of Israel (1 Kgs 14:17; 15:21, 33; 16:6–23). It was one of the cities captured by Joshua (Jos 12:24), but it did not gain prominence until Jeroboam established it as his royal residence (1 Kgs 14:17). Although Baasha intended to move his capital
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Tirzah
Tirzah (tihr´zuh; Heb., “pleasantness”).1 One of the five daughters of Zelophehad, descendants through Hepher of Manasseh, who appealed to Moses for adjustment of the inheritance custom. This incident gives a glimpse of Israelite attention to issues of justice and land tenure (Num. 26:33; 27:1–11; 36:5–12;
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Tirzah
TIRZAH1. The youngest of the five daughters of Zelophehad of the tribe of Manasseh (Num 26:33; 27:1; 36:11; Josh 17:3).2. A royal city of the Canaanites, one of the 31 subdued by Joshua (Josh 12:24). Situated in the western tribal territory of Manasseh, it superseded Shechem as capital of the northern
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Tirzah
TIRZAH. 1. The youngest daughter of Zelophehad (Nu. 26:33; 27:1; Jos. 17:3).2. A Canaanite town noted for its beauty (Ct. 6:4) which lay in the N part of Mt Ephraim at the head of the Wadi Far‘ah along which passed the road from Transjordan to the central hill country where Shechem, Samaria, Dothan
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Tirzah
Tirzah (Heb. ṭirṣâ) (PLACE)A city in the hill country of Samaria whose Canaanite king was defeated by Joshua (Josh. 12:24). Tirzah later served as capital of the northern kingdom under Jeroboam I (1 Kgs. 14:17), Baasha (15:21, 33), and Elah, who was assassinated there by Zimri (16:6, 8–10), who in
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Tirzah (Place)
TIRZAH [tĭrˊzə] (Heb. tirṣâ “pleasure, beauty”) (PLACE).† A Canaanite royal city defeated by Joshua (Josh. 12:24), perhaps associated with a clan of Manasseh related to the Zelophehad line. Tirzah was later a prominent city of the northern kingdom of Israel (1 Kgs. 14:17), serving for a time as
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Tirzah
TIRZAH One of the Canaanite city-states conquered by Joshua (Josh. 12:24), though it does not appear in the later lists of places inhabited by the Israelites. On the other hand, Tirzah was the name of one of the daughters of Zelophehad (Num. 26:33; 27:1). Scholars therefore assume that Tirzah, and the
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Tirzah
TIRZAH The name of a person and a city in the Old Testament.1. One of the five daughters of Zelophehad (Num 27:1–11, 36:1–12; Josh 17:3–6; cf. 1 Chr 7:15).2. A city in central Canaan that was captured by Joshua (Josh 12:24) and later became a royal residence of several northern kings of Israel, namely,
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