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Thomas
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Thomas the Apostle
Thomas the Apostle (Θωμᾶς, Thōmas). One of the twelve apostles. Doubted that Jesus had risen from the dead.
Didymus
Didymus (Δίδυμος, Didymos; Θωμᾶς, Thōmas). Another name for Thomas, the apostle of Jesus who doubted Jesus’ resurrection (Matt 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15; John 11:16; 14:5; 20:24–28; 21:2; Acts 1:13).
Twelve, the
Twelve, the Twelve, The. A term used in the New Testament to refer to Jesus’ most prominent group of disciples.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Thomas (Person)
THOMAS (PERSON) [Gk Thōmas (Θωμας)]. “One of the twelve” disciples of Jesus (John 20:24). Paired with Matthew, the name of Thomas appears in the middle of the list of the Twelve in the Synoptic Gospels (Matt 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15). Paired with Philip, Thomas appears on the list of the Twelve given
Twelve, the
TWELVE, THE. In the gospel of Mark, the Twelve (hoi dōdeka; anathrous in Mark 3:14) are a group of disciples chosen by Jesus to be his special companions (Mark 3:14; 4:10; 11:11; 14:17). They were particularly instructed by Jesus (Mark 9:35; 10:32) and were sent by him to proclaim the coming of the
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Thomas, The Apostle
Thomas, The Apostle. One of the 12 apostles whose name appears in all four Gospel traditions. The name is a transliteration of an Aramaic word meaning “twin” and appears in the NT as thōmas. Among Greek Christians there was a tendency to use the Hellenistic name Didymus (didumos, “twin”), and this name
Didymus
Didymus. Greek word for “twin” and another name for the apostle Thomas in John 11:16; 20:24; and 21:2.See Thomas, The Apostle.
Twelve, The
Twelve, The. Designation for the 12 disciples/apostles in 1 Corinthians 15:5.See Apostle, Apostleship.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Thomas
Thomas [Gk. Thōmás < Aram teʾômāʾ—‘the twin’]. One of Jesus’ twelve disciples. In the Synoptic lists (Mk. 3:18 par) Thomas is paired with Matthew; in Acts 1:13 he is paired with Philip. John three times refers to him as “Thomas, called Didymus” (Jn. 11:16; 20:24; 21:2), utilizing the Greek word
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Thomas, the Apostle
THOMAS, THE APOSTLE One of the 12 apostles whose name appears in all four Gospels. The name is a transliteration of an Aramaic word meaning “twin” and appears in the NT as Thomas. Among Greek Christians, there was a tendency to use his Hellenistic name, Didymus (didumos, “twin”); this name appears three
Didymus
DIDYMUS* Greek for “twin” and another name for the apostle Thomas in John 11:16, 20:24, and 21:2, nlt mg. See Thomas, The Apostle.
Twelve, the
TWELVE, THE Designation for the 12 apostles in 1 Corinthians 15:5 and other verses. See Apostle, Apostleship.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Thomas
Thomas (tom´uhs; Aramaic, “twin”), one of the twelve disciples of Jesus, called “the Twin” (Gk. Didymus) in the Gospel of John (11:16; 20:24; 21:2). He appears in each of the apostolic lists (Matt. 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15; Acts 1:13). Receiving little mention in the Synoptic Gospels, Thomas becomes
Didymus
Didymus (did´uh-muhs), a Greek name for Thomas, which the nrsv renders “twin” (the literal meaning of both “Didymus” and “Thomas”). The name Didymus is used in three verses in John’s Gospel in the kjv and niv (11:16; 20:24; 21:2). See also Thomas.Dill.
Twelve, The
twelve, the, a group chosen by Jesus to accompany him and share his ministry. The twelve are listed in four different places in the nt, but the lists show some variance (Matt. 10:2–4; Mark 3:16–19; Luke 6:13–16; Acts 1:13–14; cf. John 6:70). The most significant difference is that Matthew and Mark both
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Thomas
THOMAS. One of the 12 apostles (Mt 10:3; Mk 3:18; Lk 6:15; Acts 1:13); also called Didymus, meaning, “twin,” in Jn 11:16; 20:24; 21:2. He was pessimistic but was loyally prepared to die with Jesus when the Lord intended to go to Judea in the face of a threat of stoning (Jn 11:8, 16). Later he was uncertain
Didymus
DIDYMUS. A transliteration of the Gr. didymos, an alternative appellation for the apostle Thomas (Jn 11:16; 20:24; 21:2), probably used by Gr. speaking Christians. It appears in the papri as a proper name as well as a common noun meaning “twin”. This is also the meaning of Aram. t˒ôma˒ (Gr. thōmas).
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Thomas
THOMAS. One of the twelve apostles. In the lists of the Twelve which are arranged in three groups of four each, Thomas occurs in the second group (Mt. 10:2–4; Mk. 3:16–19; Lk. 6:14–16; Acts 1:13). He is linked with Matthew in Mt. 10:3 and with Philip in Acts 1:13. The name comes from Aram. te’ômā’,
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Thomas
Thomas (Gk. Thōmás)One of Jesus’ original 12 disciples. He is named in all the Synoptic Gospels and Acts (Matt. 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15; Acts 1:13), but plays no further role in those writings. The name is a Greek transliteration of Aram. tĕʾômāʾ, “twin,” translated as Didymus (Gk. Dɩ́dymos,
Twelve, the
Twelve, theThe central circle of Jesus’ disciples, whom he called to be apostles. The term “the Twelve” appears in all four Gospels (even after the death of Judas at John 20:24; cf. Luke 24:9). Lists of the Twelve in the Synoptic Gospels and Acts agree on the number but not entirely on their names (Matt.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Thomas
Thomas [tŏmˊəs] (Gk. Thōmas). One of Jesus’ twelve disciples (Matt. 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15; Acts 1:13). He is usually called Thomas, though this was probably not his given name; the Greek form of his name is a transliteration of Aram. te˒ômā˒ “twin,” which John also represents with a Greek
Didymus
Didymus [dĭdˊə məs] (Gk. Didymos “twin”). A surname of the apostle Thomas, the Greek equivalent of Heb. te˒ōm “twin.” Whereas the KJV and the NIV transliterate the Greek term as Didymus at John 11:16; 20:24; 21:2, the RSV and JB translate it as “Twin”See Thomas.
Twelve, the
Twelve, the (Gk. hoi dó̄deka). The central circle of Jesus’ disciples, whom he called to be apostles. The term “the Twelve” appears in all four Gospels (even after the death of Judas at John 20:24; cf. Luke 24:9). Lists of the Twelve in the Synoptic Gospels and Acts agree on the number but not entirely
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Thomas
THOMAS (Aramaic, “twin”) One of the twelve disciples of Jesus included in the lists of the apostles (Matt 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:14; John 20:24, where he is called also Didymus; Acts 1:13). Remembered for his doubts and skepticism, Thomas is mentioned in four detailed episodes in John (11:16; 14:5;
Didymus
DIDYMUS The Greek name of the apostle Thomas (John 11:16; 20:24; 21:2). The name means “twin” in Greek (Didymos), as “Thomas” does in Aramaic (tĕʾômāʾ).
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Thomas, St
Thomas, St, Apostle. He is mentioned as one of the Twelve in all four Gospels. In St John, where his name is translated as Δίδυμος (Gk., ‘twin’), he appears in three episodes, namely offering to die with Jesus on His way to Bethany (Jn. 11:16), interrupting the last discourse with his question ‘We
Didymus
Didymus (the Gk. form of the Heb. ‘Thomas’, i.e. ‘twin’). An alternative name in Jn. 11:16, 20:24, 21:2 for the Apostle *Thomas.
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