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Temple Servants
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Often called simply by their transliteration, nethinim, “the ones given.” A distinct group of returned exiles who served alongside the Levites (1 Chr 9:2; Ezra 2:43–58; 8:16–20; Neh 3:26; 7:46–60; 10:28; compare Num 3:9; 8:19).The role of “temple servant” began with the Levites themselves (Num 3:9) and appears to have evolved with the Gibeonites, who chopped wood and hauled water for the congregation (Josh 9:21). As the Gibeonites decreased in number (1 Sam 22:1–19), it seems that David set others apart for serving (with) the Levites (Ezra 8:20).The temple servants were seemingly among the original returnees from the exile (1 Chr 9:2). The biblical text records that 329 temple servants returned with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:43–58; Neh 7:46–60) and 220 temple servants, with 38 Levites, returned with Ezra (Ezra 8:16–20). They lived in or on Ophel, a hill or elevated region of the city (Neh 3:26; 11:21), with what appears to have been some economical interdependence with the temple (1 Chr 9:2).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Temple Servants
Temple Servants (נְּתִינִים‎, nethinim). Often called simply by their transliteration, nethinim, “the ones given.” A distinct group of returned exiles who served alongside the Levites (1 Chr 9:2; Ezra 2:43–58; 8:16–20; Neh 3:26; 7:46–60; 10:28; compare Num 3:9; 8:19).The role of “temple servant” began
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Nethinim
NETHINIM [Heb nĕtı̂nı̂m (נְתִינִים)]. A class of “temple servants” (RSV) who appear in the postexilic period. The Hebrew Bible has seventeen references to the Nethinim, all in Ezra and Nehemiah (Ezra 2:43, 58, 70; 7:7; 8:17, 20 [2x]; Neh 3:26, 31; 7:46, 60, 72; 10:29—Eng v 28; 11:3, 21 [2x]), with the
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Nethinim
Nethinim. Term appearing only in the books written after Israel’s return from exile (1 Chr; Ezr; Neh). Nethinim derives from the verb nathan, to give, set apart, dedicate, and means “those given” or “those set apart or dedicated.” The Septuagint translates the word dedomenoi. Some recent translators
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Nethinim
Nethinim nethʹə-nim [Heb neṯînîm—‘given ones’; Gk Natheineim], AV NETHINIMS; RSV “temple servants”; NEB “temple-servitors.” A group of temple servants (1 Ch. 9:2; Ezr. 2:43, 58, 70; 7:7; 8:17, 20; Neh. 3:26, 31; 7:46, 60, 73; 10:28 [MT 29]; 11:3, 21). The word always has the article and does not
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Nethinim
NETHINIM* Term appearing only in the books written after Israel’s return from exile (1 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah). Nethinim derives from the verb nathan, “to give, set apart, dedicate,” and means “those given” or “those set apart or dedicated.” The Septuagint translates the word dedomenoi. Some recent
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Temple Servants
temple servants (Heb. netinim), a class of workers known from the books of Ezra, Nehemiah, and Chronicles. According to Ezra 2:43–58 and Neh. 7:46–60, 320 temple servants returned to Jerusalem after the exile with Zerubbabel, and according to Ezra 8:16–20 another 220 temple servants returned with Ezra.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Nethinim
NETHINIM. The KJV and ASV term Nethinim(s) is a transliteration of Heb. ntı̂nı̂m, literally meaning “those given,” which occurs 17 times in the OT. The translation “temple servants” (RSV, NEB [servitors], Berkeley, NASB) describes their function.They are said specifically to be those “whom David and
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Nethinim
NETHINIM (Heb. neṯînîm, rsv ‘temple servants’). Apart from 1 Ch. 9:2 (parallel to Ne. 11:3) these people are mentioned only in Ezra and Nehemiah (av). They are listed among the returned exiles in Ezr. 2:43–58, where they are grouped with ‘the sons of Solomon’s servants’. When Ezra brings back a fresh
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Temple Servants
Temple ServantsA group of temple personnel, often simply transliterated “Nethinim” (lit., “the ones given,” presumably to the service of the sanctuary). These servants are distinct from the nĕṯûnɩ̂m of Num. 3:9; 8:19, taken as referring to the Levites. Except for one reference (1 Chr. 9:2), all references
Nethinim
Nethinim (Heb. nĕṯɩ̂nɩ̂m)A class of temple servants (lit., “given ones”; cf. Ezra 8:20). Apart from 1 Chr. 9:2 (= Neh. 11:3), they are mentioned only in Ezra and Nehemiah. Modern translations translate “temple servants” or “temple slaves.”The Nethinim are listed with four other groups in what is
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Temple Servants
Temple Servants (Heb. neṯînîm “those who are given [i.e., to the service of the sanctuary]”).†A group of temple personnel known from Ezra-Nehemiah and 1 Chr. 9:2 (KJV “Nethinims”) and listed with four other groups in what appears to be a descending order of status: priests, Levites, singers, gatekeepers,
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Temple Servants
TEMPLE SERVANTS Members of the Temple staff in Jerusalem appointed by David to assist the Levites in their ministry (Ezra 8:20). Most references to the Temple servants appear in Ezra and Nehemiah, because the Temple servants played a significant role in the community that returned from Babylon after
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Nethinim
Neth´inim (given, dedicated). As applied specifically to a distinct body of men connected with the services of the temple, this name first meets us in the later books of the Old Testament—in 1 Chronicles, Ezra, and Nehemiah. The word and the ideas embodied in it may, however, be traced to a much earlier