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Tax Collectors at Capernaum
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A city on the northwest shore of the Sea of Galilee. Gospel writers refer to it as Jesus’ “own city” (Matt 9:1) because after leaving Nazareth, He went to live in Capernaum, for at least a time (Matt 4:13).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Capernaum
Capernaum (Καφαρναουμ, Kapharnaoum). A city on the northwest shore of the Sea of Galilee. Gospel writers refer to it as Jesus’ “own city” (Matt 9:1) because after leaving Nazareth, He went to live in Capernaum, for at least a time (Matt 4:13).
Capernaum, Critical Issues
Capernaum, Archaeological Overview (Καφαρναουμ, Kapharnaoum), Archaeological Overview. Surveys archaeological, sociological, and economical information relevant to the biblical period and shortly thereafter.
Historical Jesus, Quest for the
Jesus, Historical, Quest for Overviews the scholarly pursuit to create the best reconstruction of Jesus’ life and teachings through the use of the best readings of the most recent historical data.
Jesus Christ
Jesus Christ (ca. 5/4 bcad 30/33). According to the New Testament, Jesus Christ is the incarnate Word of God, the Creator and Savior of the world, the founder of Christianity, and the sinless exemplar of its principles and practices. “Jesus”—His personal name—is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew “Jeshua” (or
Jesus in the Talmud
Jesus in the Talmud Discusses the debate over purported references to Jesus of Nazareth in classical rabbinic literature such as the Talmud.
Jesus, Canonical
Jesus, Canonical Approach to The portrayal of Jesus according to the accounts of the canonical Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John). These texts present the story of Jesus as the climax of salvation history, within the context of God’s dealings with Israel, and in support of the Christian Church’s
Peter the Apostle
Peter the Apostle (Πέτρος, Petros). An apostle of Jesus Christ and one of the three named pillars of the early church in Jerusalem. Peter was the first Christian missionary to the Gentiles, a Christian missionary to the Jews, and a Christian martyr in Rome. Also called Cephas.
Qumran and Jesus
Qumran and Jesus Explores the parallels between Jesus and the Qumran community.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Capernaum (Place)
CAPERNAUM (PLACE) [Gk Kapharnaoum (Καφαρναουμ)]. A place on the NW bank of Lake Tiberias (M.R. 204254). Josephus renders the Heb kĕpar naḥum as kapharnaoum (JW 3.10.8), as does the NT. The Arabs of the region call the spot Talhum or Tell Hum.After Jesus began his ministry, he moved to Capernaum (Matt
Jesus (Person)
JESUS (PERSON) [Gk Iēsous (Ἰησους)]. Several persons mentioned in the Bible bear this name, which is a Greek form of Joshua (Heb yĕhôšûaʿ; cf. the Gk of Luke 3:29; Acts 7:45; Heb 4:8). One of these is the son of Sirach, who wrote the deuterocanonical book of Ecclesiasticus; see WISDOM OF BEN-SIRA.
Peter (Person)
PETER (PERSON) [Gk Petros (Πετρος)]. Var. SIMON PETER; SIMON; CEPHAS. The most prominent of the 12 disciples of Jesus.A. Pauline LettersB. Book of ActsC. Gospel of MarkD. Gospel of MatthewE. Gospel of LukeF. Gospel of JohnG. The Petrine EpistlesH. The Apocryphal WritingsA. Pauline LettersThere
Simeon (Person)
SIMEON (PERSON) [Heb šimʿôn (שִׁמְעֹון)]. SIMEONITE. 1. The second son of Leah and Jacob and the full brother of Reuben, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, and Dinah. Simeon is also the eponymous ancestor of the tribe whose territory is found within the S limits of Judah. The etymology is obscure, but
Simon (Person)
SIMON (PERSON) [Gk Simōn (Σιμων)]. The name of a number of persons mentioned both in the Apocryphal literature of the OT as well as in the NT.1. Simon Chosamaeus (Gk Chosamaios), who provided a list of those who were found to have married foreign wives (1 Esdr 9:32; cf. Shimeon in Ezra 10:31).2. Simon
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Capernaum
Capernaum. City of Galilee, mentioned only in the Gospels, which was the headquarters of much of Jesus’ ministry. It lay on the northwest side of the Sea of Galilee (or Lake of Gennesaret), but its site is unknown. Its name means “village of Nahum.” But it is impossible to say who this Nahum was, whether
Cephas
Cephas. Aramaic name of Simon Peter the apostle in John 1:42; 1 Corinthians 1:12; and Galatians 1:18.See Peter, The Apostle.
Peter, The Apostle
Peter, The Apostle. One of Jesus’ 12 disciples who rose to preeminence both among the disciples during Jesus’ ministry and among the apostles afterwards. There are actually four forms of his name in the NT: the Hebrew/Greek Simeon/Simon and the Aramaic/Greek Cephas/Petros. His given name was Simon bar-Jonah
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Capernaum
Capernaum kə-pûr̀nə-um [Gk. Kapernaoum]. The most important city on the northern shore of the Sea of Galilee. It was here that Jesus established His headquarters for the major part of His public ministry (Mt. 4:13). In Mt. 9:1 Capernaum is called “his own city.” At least three of Jesus’ disciples came
Cephas
Cephas sēʹfəs [Gk. ho Kēphas < Aram kêp̱ā’—‘rock’] (Jn. 1:42, etc.). The Aramaic surname of Peter.
Peter
Peter [Gk. Petros, for Kēphas < Aram kêp̱āʾ]. A disciple of Jesus and apostle of the early Church.The NT literature gives prominent place to Peter, whose life and ministry fall conveniently into the three categories indicated by O. Cullmann’s comprehensive study, Peter: Disciple-Apostle-Martyr.
Simon (NT)
2. Simon Peter; son of John (Jn. 1:42; 21:15–17; Jona, Mt. 16:17) and brother of Andrew (Jn. 1:40). See Peter.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Capernaum
CAPERNAUM City of Galilee, mentioned only in the Gospels, which was the headquarters of much of Jesus’ ministry. It lay on the northwest side of the Sea of Galilee (or Lake of Gennesaret). Its name means “village of Nahum,” but it is impossible to say who this Nahum was, whether the OT writer or someone
Cephas
CEPHAS Aramaic name of Simon Peter the apostle in John 1:42; 1 Corinthians 1:12; and Galatians 1:18. See Simon Peter.
Jesus Christ
JESUS CHRIST Messiah, Savior, and founder of the Christian church.In providing a biography of Jesus Christ it must be borne in mind that each of the Gospels has its own distinctive purpose. Matthew, for instance, presents Jesus as the messianic King, whereas the emphasis in Mark is more on Jesus as
Peter, the Apostle
PETER, THE APOSTLE One of the 12 disciples; rose to prominence both among the disciples during Jesus’ ministry and among the apostles afterwards.There are actually four forms of Peter’s name in the New Testament: the Hebrew translated into Greek, “Simeon” to “Simon,” and the Aramaic translated into
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Capernaum
Capernaum (kuh-puhr´nay-uhm; from the Heb. for “village of Nahum”), a town on the northwest shore of the Sea of Galilee, about two and a half miles from the mouth of the Jordan River. Capernaum was the center of Jesus’s Galilean ministry (Matt. 4:13). There he healed the son (or servant) of a centurion
Cephas
Cephas (see´fuhs; from Aramaic kepha’, “rock”), a surname equivalent to the Greek name “Peter” (John 1:42; cf. Matt. 16:17–18). See also Peter.
Jesus Christ
Jesus Christjesus christ is the central figure of the nt: every book is written because of him and, in some sense, about him. Within the nt itself, he is spoken of in two distinct ways.(1) The nt describes and reflects upon a man named Jesus who lived in Galilee and was eventually crucified in Jerusalem;
Peter
Peterpeter was a galilean and one of the twelve disciples of Jesus. His given name was Simon, but Jesus bestowed upon him the nickname “Peter” (GK., “rock”; Matt. 10:2; Mark 3:16; Luke 6:14). He is sometimes referred to as Cephas, the Aramaic version of that name, which Jesus would no doubt have actually
Simeon
Simeon (sim´ee-uhn; Heb., “to hear”).1 The second son of Jacob and Leah (Gen. 29:33). Simeon and his brother Levi massacred the men of Shechem to avenge the rape of their sister, Dinah (Gen. 34, recalled in Jth. 9:1–4). Simeon was later held hostage in Egypt when Joseph sent the other brothers back
Simon
Simon (si´muhn).1 Simon Maccabeus, the son of Mattathias Hashmon and ruler of Judea 142–134 bce. Following in the tradition of his brothers Judas Maccabeus and Jonathan, he led the Jewish forces against the Seleucids and won independence for Judea, establishing the Hasmonean dynasty, which would endure
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Capernaum
The Capernaum Synagogue, IISCAPERNAUM. After His rejection at Nazareth, Jesus determined to make Capernaum, on the Sea of Galilee, His headquarters. Matthew called it “his own city” (9:1). Here occurred some of the most significant events of His ministry. Nearby, the Master called as disciples the
Cephas
CEPHAS (Gr. kēphas, from Aram. kēpa˒, “rock or stone”).A name given by Jesus to the apostle Simon (Jn 1:42; 1 Cor 1:12; 3:22; 9:5; 15:5; Gal 2:9). Peter is the Gr. equivalent of Cephas. See Peter; Simon; Simeon.
Jesus Christ
JESUS CHRIST. Jesus Christ is unique in several respects, not the least of which is the fact that in Him alone centers the gospel of the grace of God. He has changed the face of history, for in Him eternity has invaded time, God has become man, and human life has achieved through His redemption a significance
Peter
PETER. One of the earliest and most prominent disciples of Jesus. Several names are given him: the Heb. name Simeon (Acts 15:14) and Gr. Simon, after a son of Jacob whose descendants became one of the tribes of Israel; Cephas (Jn 1:43) and Peter, both meaning “rock.” See Simeon; Simon; Cephas.Origin
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Capernaum
Capernaum (Heb. kĕp̱ar naḥum; Gk. Kapharnaoúm)A city on the northwestern shore of the Sea of Galilee, identified with modern Tell Ḥum (Talḥum). Located just to the west of where the Jordan empties into the Sea of Galilee, Capernaum was a border town separating Herod Antipas’ and Herod Philip’s
Cephas
Cephas (Gk. Kēphás)Nickname or surname given the Apostle Peter (from Aram. kêp̱āʾ, “rock”).See Peter.
Jesus Christ
Jesus ChristThe founder of what became the Christian movement. For greater specificity, in his lifetime he was called “Jesus son of Joseph” (Luke 4:22; John 1:45; 6:42), “Jesus of Nazareth” (Acts 10:38), or “Jesus the Nazarene” (Mark 1:24; Luke 24:19 [some translations do not distinguish “the Nazarene”
Peter
Peter (Gk. Pétros)Simon bar Jonah, nicknamed Cephas or Peter (Aramaic and Greek for “rock”) by Jesus. Since Simon was a common Jewish name and a number of others are mentioned in the Gospels and Acts, the nickname became the common designation for the man, although the Gospels report Jesus often calling
Simeon
Simeon (Heb. šimʿôn)1. The second son of Jacob (Gen. 35:23); the eponymous ancestor of the tribe whose territory was within the southern limits of Judah (Josh. 19:1–9). Simeon and his brother Levi exacted treacherous and violent revenge for the rape of their sister Dinah by a local prince called Shechem
Simon
Simon (Gk. Sɩ́mon; Heb. šimʿôn)1. Simon, surnamed the Just (Gk. dikaios, also meaning “righteous”), who according to Josephus (Ant. 12.43) succeeded his father Onias in the high priesthood. This places him within the period of Ptolemy I’s rule over Judea (301–282 b.c.e.). A scholion to Megillat Taʿanit
Symeon
Symeon (Gk. Symên)1. A prophet and teacher in the church at Antioch who was surnamed Niger and may have been, therefore, black (Lat. niger; Acts 13:1 RSV; NRSV “Simeon” [6]).2. Another name for Simon Peter (Acts 15:14; 2 Pet. 1:1 RSV).
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Capernaum
Capernaum [kə pûrˊnĭ əm] (Gk. Kapharnaoum, Kapernaoum). A city on the northern shore of the Sea of Galilee (Matt. 4:13), where Jesus based much of his ministry. It was the location of a tax office (Matt. 9:9), and a contingent of soldiers commanded by a centurion was stationed there (Luke 7:2).
Cephas
Cephas [sēˊfəs] (Gk. Kēphas, from Aram. kêp̱ā˒ “rock”). See Peter.
Peter
Peter [pēˊtər] (Gk. Petros).† Simon Peter, the most prominent of Jesus’ twelve disciples.
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Capernaum
CAPERNAUM A town on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee, on the highway from the Mediterranean coast to Damascus, with a small port for its population of fishermen. The town is known from the early Roman period onwards and Josephus describes it as very fertile and its people as having taken an active
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Jesus
JESUS ἸησοῦςI. Iēsous is the Greek form of the Hebrew personal name yĕhōšūʿa stamped after its postexilic variant yēšūʿa. The votive name means “Yahweh is help (salvation)” as rightly interpreted by Philo, Mut. 121. It is derived from the root yšʿ, frequent in other Hebrew and Semitic personal