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Sword
Warfare
Dictionaries
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Sword
sword, a close-range weapon composed of a metal blade, which was usually bronze or iron in the biblical period, and a wood or bone handle (Judg. 3:22). The sword is distinguished from the dagger on the basis of length; “sword” is normally applied to weapons over 1 foot long. Depending upon its function
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Sword
SwordAn offensive weapon of war and conflict designed to inflict the greatest injury on one’s opponent. Unlike the arrow, sling, spear, and possibly the javelin, the sword (Heb. ḥereḇ; Gk. máchaira, rhomphaɩ́a) is a close-order weapon, used when lines of infantry clashed in battle. It is the most
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Sword
Sword (Heb. ḥereḇ; Gk. máchaira, rhomphaía).† Swords were widely used as offensive weapons, and are by far the weapon mentioned most often in the Bible. Swords were carried inside a belt or in a sheath suspended from a belt on the side opposite the dominant hand (Exod 32:27; Judg. 3:21 [cf. v.
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Sword
SWORD A long-bladed weapon, often with both edges filed sharp. The swords wielded by the patriarchs were probably made of bronze (Gen 27:40; 31:26; 48:22). By the late second millennium b.c., iron replaced bronze for swords, and in Palestine the Philistines’ monopoly on iron technology gave them a formidable
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Sword
Swordof the Hebrew was pointed, sometimes two-edged, was worn in a sheath, and suspended from the girdle (Ex. 32:27; 1 Sam. 31:4; 1 Chr. 21:27; Ps. 149:6: Prov. 5:4; Ezek. 16:40; 21:3–5).It is a symbol of divine chastisement (Deut. 32:25; Ps. 7:12; 78:62), and of a slanderous tongue (Ps. 57:4; 64:3;
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Sword
Swordsword, a close-range weapon composed of a metal blade, which was usually bronze or iron in the biblical period, and a wood or bone handle (Judg. 3:22). The sword is distinguished from the dagger on the basis of length; the former designation is normally applied to weapons that are over one foot
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
Sword
SwordThe sword was the most important weapon of warfare in the ancient Near East and in the Greco-Roman world. Ranging from sixteen inches to three feet in length, with one or both sides sharpened, this implement was used for thrusting and slashing opponents in armed conflict. Most of the over four
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
SCIMITAR
SCIMITAR<sim’-i-tar>, <-ter> ([ἀκινάκη, akindke]): Formerly given as “fauchion” in the King James Version Judith 13:6; 16:9, the weapon which Judith took down from the rail of the bed at Holofernes’ head, and with which she severed his head from his body.
Compton’s Encyclopedia
sword
swordThe “most romantic of weapons,” the sword has been the symbol of war and the badge of honor and courage among fighting men since the days when bronze and iron were first hammered into blades. The right to carry a sword has almost always been a mark of rank. Even today, when most of its usefulness
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
Sword
SWORD.—In Lk 2:35 and in some passages in the Apocalypse the word for ‘sword’ is ῥομαία elsewhere in the NT it is μάχαιρα. The former denoted a weapon used by barbarous nations, especially the Thracians (Livy, xxxi. 39: ‘Thracas quoque romphææ ingentis et ipsæ longitudinis, inter objectos undique
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Sword
SWORD Close-range weapon. The Hebrew word cherev and the Greek word machaira designate either a dagger or a sword. The Hebrew word also designates an iron tool (“axes,” Ezek. 26:9) or a chisel (“tool,” Exod. 20:25). In Josh. 5:2 the word designates stone knives used in the circumcision of the people
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
Fauchion
fauchion. This obsolete English word (also spelled falchion and referring to a medieval broad-bladed, short, and curved sword) is used by the KJV Apocrypha to render Greek akinakēs, “short [straight] sword,” which occurs only twice (Jdt. 13:6 16:9).