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Susa
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
One of two major cities in the ancient nation of Elam, in modern southwest Iran, and one of the capitals of the Achaemenid Persian Empire. Susa sits on the Shaur River, between the Karkheh and Ab-i Dez Rivers, and is at the site of modern Shush in southwest Iran. The Persian-period remains sit on a high tell. Susa is in the eastern reaches of the Mesopotamian floodplains and below the southern Zagros Mountains.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Susa
Susa (שושן‎, shwshn). One of two major cities in the ancient nation of Elam, in modern southwest Iran, and one of the capitals of the Achaemenid Persian Empire. Susa sits on the Shaur River, between the Karkheh and Ab-i Dez Rivers, and is at the site of modern Shush in southwest Iran. The Persian-period
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Susa (Place)
SUSA (PLACE) [Heb šûšan (שׁוּשַׁן)]. Ancient city in SW Iran (mod. Shūsh; 32°12´N; 48°20´E), for a long time the capital of Elam, and later the winter residence and main capital of the Persian Empire. Susa is located on the bank of the river Chaour (Akk Ulai, Gr Eulaeus), close to the river Kerkha
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Susa
Susa. Capital of the non-Semitic people and district of Elam. Susa (modern Shūsh, kjv Shushan) is located in southwest Iran, about 150 miles north of the Persian Gulf and due east of the well-known city of Babylon. French archaeologists have been excavating the site since 1884, discovering that it was
Dehavites
Dehavites. Group of people among those colonized in Samaria by the Assyrian king Ashurbanipal (Ezr 4:9 kjv). The Dehavites, whom some scholars associate with the Daoi (a Persian tribe originating near the Caspian Sea), wrote to Artaxerxes to protest the rebuilding of Jerusalem by the returning Jewish
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Susa
Susa soo̅ʹsə [Heb. šûšān—‘lily’; Gk. Sousan, Sousa]; AV SHUSHAN. A city in ancient Persia, one of three royal cities of the Achaemenian kings; the setting of the book of Esther.The remains of this great city lie about 80 km (125 mi) N of the Persian gulf in the ancient province of Susiana, called
Susanchites
Susanchites soo̅ʹsən-kīts. The AV designation (RSV “men of Susa”; cf. NEB) for Aram šûšanḵāyēʾ (Ezr. 4:9). They were displaced residents of Susa, the Elamite, capital city, whom Assyrian forces under Ashurbanipal (cf. BHI [3rd ed], p. 314) deported to Samaria ca 640 b.c.
Dehavites
Dehavites A people listed in the AV of Ezr. 4:9 (RV “Dehaites”), for the MT dehāwē’. The RSV (“that is”) and NEB, following LXX B, vocalize dî-hû’. This accords with Susa’s being then in Elam.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Susa
SUSA Capital of the non-Semitic people and district of Elam. Susa (modern Shush) is located in southwest Iran, about 150 miles (241.4 kilometers) north of the Persian Gulf and due east of the well-known city of Babylon. French archaeologists began excavating the site in 1884, discovering that it was
Susanchite
SUSANCHITE* kjv translation for “men of Susa” or “Shushanchites” in Ezra 4:9. See Susa.
Dehavites
DEHAVITES* Group of people among those colonized in Samaria by the Assyrian king Ashurbanipal (Ezr 4:9). The Dehavites, whom some scholars associate with the Daoi (a Persian tribe originating near the Caspian Sea), wrote to Artaxerxes to protest the rebuilding of Jerusalem by the returning Jewish exiles.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Susa
Susa (soo´sah), a biblical name for the ancient capital of Elam (the southwestern area of modern Iran), which reached its height of importance as the residence and especially the winter capital of the kings of Persia. It is called Susa in the Bible (Ezra 4:9; Neh. 1:1; Esther 1:2; Dan. 8:2), but is otherwise
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Susanchites
SUSANCHITES. The term for the inhabitants of Susa of Elam. They were colonists removed to Samaria from Susa when the Israelites were deported (Ezr 4:9–10).
Dehavites
DEHAVITES. Mentioned among the groups for whom Rehum, the chancellor, wrote in Aramaic (Syrian) to Artaxerxes, the Persian king, filing a complaint against those who had recently returned from Babylonia to Jerusalem (Ezr 4:6–10). Along with the others they are identified as those who had been earlier
Shushan
SHUSHAN, SUSA. The capital of ancient Elam in SW Persia, which lay near the rivers Ulai (Eulaeus, modern Karun) and Shapur, c. 150 miles N of the Persian Gulf. It was one of the royal residences of the Achaemenid kings in whose reigns the city flourished. Here Daniel had a vision (Dan 8:2), Nehemiah
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Susa
SUSA (av Shushan), the ruins of which lie near the river Karun (*Ulai), SW Persia, was occupied almost continuously from prehistoric times until it was abandoned by the Seleucids. Here was the capital of *Elam, whose royal inscriptions of the 2nd millennium have been recovered. It maintained its importance
Dehavites, Dehaites
DEHAVITES, DEHAITES. A name occurring in an Aramaic list (Ezr. 4:9, av) prepared for Artaxerxes, which enumerates the various peoples who had been settled in Samaria by *Ashurbanipal. The name (Keṯîḇ: dehāwē’; Qe: dehāyē’) falls in the list between the ‘Susanchites’ and the Elamites, and from
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Susa
Susa (Heb. šûšan; Akk. šušān)Ancient Elamite Sûusûun (modern Shūsh), located in the Susiana Plain in southwestern Iran. The site, comprising five mounds scattered over 250 ha. (615 a.), was noted by many early travelers and excavated by William K. Loftus in 1851–52 and Marcel and Jane Dieulafoy
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Susa
Susa [sōōˊsə] (Heb. šûšan; Akk. šušān).† The capital city of Elam, located near modern Shush in the Ulai river plain in southwestern Iran; later the winter royal residence for the Persian Empire. Inhabited from the fourth millennium B.C., Susa was situated on the important trade routes
Dehavites
Dehavites (dĭ hāˊvīts). According to the KJV (following MT dehāwē˒) one of the nations which the Assyrians deported to Samaria after the Jewish population had been led into exile (Ezra 4:9); some scholars have suggested that they were the people who, according to Herodotus (i.125, Gk. Daoi),
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Shushan
SHUSHAN The capital of Elam; Shushu or Shushun in the Elamite kingdom, Susa in the Hellenistic period, today Shush in southwestern Persia; on the River Karha. The city is mentioned in Babylonian documents of the 3rd millennium bc. Its ruins extend over an area of about 400 acres, but it is estimated
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Susa
SUSA One of the capital cities of ancient Persia (modern Shush in Iran) located on the river Karun at the foot of the Zagros Mountains. Susa served as the capital of Elam. The city enjoyed considerable political prominence under Elam and successor states until it was sacked in 645 b.c. by the Assyrians