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Sun
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Sun
Sun (שֶׁמֶשׁ‎, shemesh; also, חַמָּה‎, chammah; or חֶרֶס‎, cheres). A celestial object that was celebrated in Israel and in the ancient Near East both as the source of light and heat and as a divine being who rules over the day and provides justice.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Sun
SUN. In ancient Israel the sun—Heb šemeš (masc. though sometimes treated as fem.), less commonly ḥeres (Job 9:7; Isa 19:18 [emended text]) or ḥamma (lit. “the hot one”)—was usually felt to be a positive phenomenon. “Light is sweet, and it is pleasant for the eyes to behold the sun” (Eccl 11:7). Night
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Sun
Sun. A creation of God appointed as one of the great lights in the heavens, “to rule over the day” (Gn 1:14, 15). The new day begins with its setting and the daily sacrifices were offered in accordance with its position: the first burnt offering with its rising (Ex 29:39; Nm 28:4). The hours of the day
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Sun
Sun [Heb. šemeš (cf. Akk. šamšul/šamaš; Ugar. špš), also ḥeres (Jgs. 14:18; Job 9:7), ḥammâ (Job 30:28; Cant. 6:10; Isa. 24:23; 30:26), ʾôr—‘light’ (Job 31:26); Gk. hḗlios]; on Isa. 19:18, see City of the Sun. The sun figures prominently in the language, imagery, and religion of the ancient
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Sun
SUN A luminary created by God to be one of the great lights in the heavens, “to rule over the day” (Gn 1:14–15). The new day begins with its setting, and the daily sacrifices were offered in accordance with its position: the first burnt offering with its rising (Ex 29:39; Nm 28:4). The hours of the day
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Sun
sun. The sun was recognized in the Bible as a beneficent source of light and heat (Deut. 33:14) upon which all life depended, but its power to smite was also known and feared (Isa. 49:10; James 1:11). Created and appointed by God to “rule over the day” (Ps. 136:8), it marked the hours and seasons by
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Sun
SUN. The heavenly body of light which is the center of the solar system, around which the earth travels and receives energy in the form of light and heat. The sun was created by God (Gen 1:16) and is preserved and regulated by Him (Jer 31:35; Ps 104:19). The apparent rising and setting of the sun furnish
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Sun
SUN (Heb. šemeš; Gk. hēlios). In addition to many references which merely indicate the time of day, the Bible mentions natural effects of the sun, such as causing the fruits of the earth to grow (Dt. 33:14; 2 Sa. 23:4), withering growth that is insufficiently rooted (Mt. 13:6), producing physical
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Sun
SunThe physical reality of the sun was a constant presence for those in Palestine. It could be oppressively hot (1 Sam. 11:9; Neh. 7:3) and could tan the skin (Cant. 1:6) or burn crops (Matt. 13:6). The darkening of the sun was viewed as a sign of judgment (Ezek. 32:7; Isa. 13:10; Matt. 24:29) and its
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Sun
Sun (Heb. šemeš; Gk. hḗlios).† Worship of the sun was forbidden to Israel (Deut. 4:19; 17:3), but was sometimes a threat to the purity of Israel’s religion (2 Kgs. 23:5, 11). Sun-worship was common in the ancient Near East, particularly in Egypt. The center of worship of the Egyptian sun-god
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Sun
SUN Created by God to mark days and years (Gen 1:14) and to give light to the world (Gen 1:15). The sun was an object of worship by ancient civilizations such as Egypt and Mesopotamia. Sun worship was specifically forbidden in the Law (Deut 4:19; 17:3). At the time of the Divided Monarchy, worshipping
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Sun
Sun. In the history of the creation the sun is described as the “greater light,” in contradistinction to the moon, the “lesser light,” in conjunction with which it was to serve “for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and for years,” while its special office was “to rule the day.” Gen. 1:14–16. The