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Strong Drink
Alcohol • Beer • Fermented Drink
Dictionaries
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Strong Drink
Strong Drink. Any intoxicating liquor. It was forbidden to Levites who were entering the tent of meeting (Lv 10:9); to those taking the Nazirite vow (Nm 6:3; Jgs 13:4–14); to kings and rulers (Prv 31:4); and to John the Baptist (Lk 1:15). The writer of Proverbs 20:1 suggests that the wise man does not
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Drink, Strong
Drink, Strong [Heb. šēḵār (Lev. 10:9; Nu. 6:3; etc.); Gk. síkera (Lk. 1:15)]; AV also STRONG WINE (Nu. 28:7); NEB also LIQUOR (Isa. 5:11; etc.), DRINK (Isa. 5:22), CUPS (Isa. 28:7). With the exception of Nu. 28:7, “strong drink” is always coupled with “wine.” The two terms are commonly used as
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Strong Drink
STRONG DRINK Any intoxicating liquor. It was forbidden to Levites who were entering the tent of meeting (Lv 10:9); to those taking the Nazirite vow (Nm 6:3; Jgs 13:4–14); to kings and rulers (Prv 31:4); and to John the Baptist (Lk 1:15). The writer of Proverbs 20:1 suggests that the wise man does not
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Drink, Strong
DRINK, STRONG. Alcoholic beverages in Bible times were made from pomegranates, grapes, barley, dates, and raisins. The term “strong drink” referred most likely to a strong barley beer, known from archaeological discoveries to have been very popular among the Egyptians and the Philistines. Strong drink
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Strong Drink
STRONG DRINK שׁכרI. šēkār occurs 23 times in the Bible, nearly always in conjunction with yayin ‘wine’, the two forming a kind of hendiadys which means ‘an intoxicating wine’ (similarly combined in Ugaritic, see RSP 1:209, no. 248). Only in two cases does šēkār occur alone: Num 28:7; Ps 69:13.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Drink Strong
Drink, Strong. The Hebrew term shêcar, in its etymological sense, applies to any beverage that had intoxicating qualities. With regard to the application of the term in later times we have the explicit statement of Jerome, as well as other sources of information, from which we may state that the following
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Drink, Strong
DRINK, STRONG (Heb. shēkār, “intoxicant”; Gk. sikera). Any intoxicating beverage. The Hebrews seem to have made wine (which see) of pomegranates (song of Sol. 8:2) and other fruits. In Num. 28:7 strong drink is clearly used as an equivalent to wine. “The following beverages were known to the Jews:
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Drink, strong
Drink, strong(Heb. shekar’), an intoxicating liquor (Judg. 13:4; Luke 1:15; Isa. 5:11; Micah 2:11) distilled from corn, honey, or dates. The effects of the use of strong drink are referred to in Ps. 107:27; Isa. 24:20; 49:26; 51:17–22. Its use prohibited, Prov. 20:1. (See WINE.)
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Drink, Strong
DRINK, STRONG — any beverage that intoxicates. Most Old Testament references to strong drink are to beer, the manufacture of which was a thriving industry in ancient times. Strong drink was forbidden to the priest when he was officiating at the altar of sacrifice (Lev. 10:9) and to the Nazirite during
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
DRINK, STRONG
DRINK, STRONG([שֵׁכָר‎, shekhar]; [σίκερα, sikera]; from [שָׁכַר‎, shakhar], “to be or become drunk”; probably from the same root as sugar, saccharine): With the exception of Numbers 28:7, “strong drink” is always coupled with “wine.” The two terms are commonly used as mutually exclusive, and
Compton’s Encyclopedia
alcohol
alcoholAn important chemical substance widely used both in science and in technology is an organic compound known as alcohol (See Organic Chemistry). Its name comes from the ancient Arabic word al-kuhl, meaning “a powder for painting the eyelids.” The term was later applied to all compounds that contain
beer
beer and brewingTop 20 beer-producing countries.Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.One of the most popular drinks in the world, beer is an alcoholic beverage made from grain by a brewing method that involves fermentation, a chemical process that converts starch to alcohol.
Key passages
Le 10:8–10

Then Yahweh spoke to Aaron, saying, “You and your sons with you may not drink wine or strong drink when you come to the tent of assembly, so that you will not die—it is a lasting statute for your generations— and to distinguish between the holy and the unholy, as well …

Nu 6:2–4

“Speak to the Israelites and say to them, ‘When a man or a woman takes a special vow, a vow of a Nazirite, to keep separate for Yahweh, he will abstain from wine and fermented drink; he will not drink wine vinegar or vinegar of fermented drink; he will not drink the fruit juice of grapes …

Pr 20:1

Wine is a mocker, strong drink a brawler, and any who go astray by it are not wise.

Is 28:7–8

And these also stagger because of wine and stagger because of strong drink; priest and prophet stagger because of strong drink; they are confused because of wine. They stagger because of strong drink; they err in vision. They stagger in the rendering of a decision, for all the tables …

Lk 1:15

For he will be great in the sight of the Lord, and he must never drink wine or beer, and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit while he is still in his mother’s womb.

See also
Topics & Themes
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