Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Any place in which water comes up naturally from underground. Many Hebrew place names bear the prefix “En,” which means “spring.”Springs held particular significance in the land of Palestine due to its limited amount of rainfall. Many villages in both eastern and western Palestine and Lebanon depended entirely upon reservoirs or cisterns of rainwater. Other towns were situated along the few existing perennial streams.The image of a spring or fountain is used figuratively throughout the Bible to represent:• God (Psa 36:9; Jer 2:13; 17:13)• Wisdom (Prov 10:11; 13:14; 14:27; 16:22; 18:4)• Spouses (Prov 5:18)• Children (Deut 33:28; compare Psa 68:26; Prov 5:16)• Prosperity (Psa 107:35; 114:8; Hos 13:15)• The Fear of Yahweh (Prov 14:27)• Life (Eccl 12:6; Rev 7:17; 21:6)
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Spring Any place in which water comes up naturally from underground. Many Hebrew place names bear the prefix “En,” which means “spring.”Springs held particular significance in the land of Palestine due to its limited amount of rainfall. Many villages in both eastern and western Palestine and Lebanon
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Wellspring A spring that is the source of a continual supply of water. The AV uses this term to render Heb. māqôr in Prov. 16:22; 18:4. See Fountain.
Fountain [Heb ʾāp̱îq] (Ezk. 34:13); AV RIVER; NEB STREAM; [mabbû (a)ʿ] (Eccl. 12:6); NEB SPRING; [maʿyān] (e.g., Gen. 7:11; 8:2; Cant. 4:12, 15); NEB also SPRING, WELL; [māqôr]; AV also SPRING, WELL, WELL SPRING; NEB also ASSEMBLE, DISCHARGE, SPRING, WATERS, WELL; [ʿayin-‘eye’] (Dt. 8:7; 33:28;
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
SPRING. Spring translates a number of different words in the OT, such as fountain, source, stream (Deut 4:49; Josh 15:19; Ps 104:10), as well as verbs of activity such as “the pastures do spring” (Joel 2:22). See Fountain; Water; Well.
FOUNTAIN1. A source of flowing water; a spring. This is to be distinguished from a well dug into the earth, or a cistern. One of the principal Heb. words translated “fountain” is ‘ayin, which also means “eye.” In its compound form of en (q.v.) this words occurs in the names of many Palestinian cities,
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
FOUNTAIN. Palestine, owing to its geological structure, is a land of many springs, as was forecast to the Israelites before they settled there (Dt. 8:7). As s result of this, several Heb. words were in use which are commonly rendered ‘fountain’ or ‘spring’ in the evv.1. ‘ayin, ‘spring, fountain’, the
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Spring, Fountain
Spring, FountainIn Israel where perennial rivers and streams are few and little if any rain falls for over half of the year, most settlements had to rely on springs or fountains (Heb. ʿayin, “bubble up, flow”) for their fresh water supply. The key consideration in establishing a settlement was a reliable
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Spring, Fountain
Spring, Fountain (Heb. ˓ayin, ma˓yān, māqôr; Gk. pēgḗ). † Supplies of water played a decisive role in the lives of the ancient Israelites and their neighbors, and thus could be regarded as the source of life itself (cf. Eccl. 12:6; Heb. mabbûa˓). A number of major Israelite cities contained
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Fountain (a spring, in distinction from a well). The springs of Palestine, though short-lived, are remarkable for their abundance and beauty, especially those which fall into the Jordan and into its lakes, of which there are hundreds throughout its whole course. The spring or fountain of living water,
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
SPRING. A source of water issuing forth from the ground, the same word as “eye” in Heb., ˓ayin (Gen. 16:7; 1 Sam. 29:1; Prov. 8:28), sometimes translated “fountain.” Often the Heb. word used denotes a place of a spring or running water (Lev. 11:36; Josh. 15:9; Ps. 74:15; Prov. 25:26), a well-watered
FOUNTAIN. A natural source of living water. The same word as “eye” in Heb., ˓ayin (Deut. 8:7; 33:28), sometimes rendered “spring” (as in the NIV). It is also spoken of an inflow of the sea (Gen. 7:11; 8:2; NIV, “springs”). An artificial source of flowing water, such as a cistern or a reservoir, may be
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Spring(Heb. ʾain, “the bright open source, the eye of the landscape”). To be carefully distinguished from “well” (q.v.). “Springs” mentioned in Josh. 10:40 (Heb. ʾashdoth should rather be “declivities” or “slopes” (R.V.), i.e., the undulating ground lying between the lowlands (the shephelah) and the
Fountain(Heb. ʾain; i.e., “eye” of the water desert), a natural source of living water. Palestine was a “land of brooks of water, of fountains, and depths that spring out of valleys and hills” (Deut. 8:7; 11:11).These fountains, bright sparkling “eyes” of the desert, are remarkable for their abundance
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Fountainfountain, a spring or source of flowing water. The rsv uses ‘spring’ and ‘fountain’ in an indiscriminate way to translate a number of Hebrew and Greek terms. It is clear, however, that the ancients distinguished between a natural outflow of water, an artificial water-storage system (i.e., cisterns
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
Springs of Water
Springs of WaterWater is a precious resource in the Middle East, and much of what is available comes from natural springs or fountains. Springs in the Bible have associations similar to those of rivers and water, but a spring is even more evocative, being upsurging, “living” water that becomes synonymous
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
WELLSPRING<wel’-spring> (מָקוֹר[maqor]): Usually “spring” or “fountain” (figuratively), translated “wellspring” only in two passages: “Understanding is a wellspring of life unto him that hath it” (Prov 16:22); “The wellspring of wisdom is as a flowing brook” (Prov 18:4). See Burroughs,
FOUNTAIN<foun’-tin>, <foun’-tan>: In a country where no rain falls for half of the year, springs sume an importance unknown in more favored lands. In both eastern and western Palestine and even in Lebanon there are many villages which depend entirely upon reservoirs or cisterns of rain water. Others