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Spirit of Smyrnan Church
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Angels of the Seven Churches
Angels of the Seven Churches (ἄγγελοι τῶν ἑπτὰ ἐκκλησιῶν, angeloi tōn hepta ekklēsiōn). The meaning ascribed to the seven stars of Rev 1:20 and recipients of the seven messages in Rev 2–3.
Seven Churches
Seven Churches Congregations to whom John is instructed to write in Revelation 2–3; located in seven cities of western Asia Minor: Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea.At the start of John’s vision in Revelation, he is told to write letters to these churches—or, more
Smyrna
Smyrna (Σμύρνα, Smyrna). Ancient city on the west coast of Asia Minor, situated at the head of the gulf into which the Hermus River flows. Smyrna was located 40 miles north of Ephesus on the border between Aeolis to the north and Ionia to the south (Yamauchi, New Testament, 55). The site of ancient Smyrna
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Angels of the Seven Churches
ANGELS OF THE SEVEN CHURCHES (Gk aggeloi tōn hepta ekklēsiōn (ἀγγελοι των ἑπτα ἑκκλησιων)). This expression is found only in Rev 1:20 in the preparatory vision of the risen Lord (1:9–20). Here the angels of the seven churches are equated with the seven stars in the Lord’s right hand (cf. 1:16).
Seven Churches
SEVEN CHURCHES [Gk hai hepta ekklēsiai (αἱ ἑπτα ἑκκλησιαι)]. The seven churches are those in seven cities of the Roman province of proconsular Asia on the west central coast of Asia Minor. They are the addressees of Revelation (1:4, 11, 20), and individual letters are addressed to each of them in
Smyrna (Place)
SMYRNA (PLACE) [Gk Smyrna (Σμυρνα)]. A city (modern Izmir; 38°25´ N; 27°09´ E), which lies at the foot of Mt. Pagros, at the mouth of the Melas river on the S shore of the gulf of Izmir. It was the recipient of one of the addresses of the book of Revelation (1:11; 2:8–11). The area in which the city
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Smyrna
Smyrna. One of the seven churches of the Book of Revelation (Rv 1:11; 2:8–11). It is the modern Izmir, located in Turkey.Smyrna was inhabited at least 3000 years before Christ. The Aeolian Greeks were replaced by the Ionians. The city, along with Miletus and Ephesus to the south, flourished under Ionian
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Angels of the Seven Churches
Angels of the Seven Churches It is evident from the contexts of the various biblical passages in which the word “angel” appears that the word does not always represent the same idea. In such passages as Dnl. 12:1 and Acts 12:15 it would seem that the angel was generally regarded as a superhuman being
Seven Churches
Seven Churches [Gk. hai heptá ekklēsíai] (Rev. 1:4, 11, 20). The seven churches of Asia to which the book of Revelation is addressed, located in the cities of Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea (1:11). Individual letters are addressed to these churches in chs 2–3.
Smyrna
Smyrna smerʹnə [Gk. Smyrna—etymology unknown] (Rev. 1:11; 2:8). A port city of 1/2 million people on the southern tip of one of the most sheltered inlets of the South Aegean; modern İzmir in Turkey. Excavations by Ankara University have shown that the primitive site was 13 km (8 mi) NE across the Kemer
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Smyrna
SMYRNA Location of one of the seven churches mentioned in the book of Revelation (Rv 1:11; 2:8–11). It is the modern Izmir, located in Turkey.Smyrna was inhabited at least 3,000 years before Christ. The Aeolian Greeks were replaced by the Ionians. The city, along with Miletus and Ephesus to the south,
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Smyrna
Smyrna (smuhr´nuh), an ancient city (modern Izmir, Turkey) on the west coast of Asia Minor. It is one of the seven cities mentioned in the book of Revelation (1:11). It lay at the end of a major east-west road, possessed an excellent harbor, and was surrounded by rich farmland. The city’s leadership
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Angels of the Seven Churches
ANGELS OF THE SEVEN CHURCHES. Rev 2–3 contains a series of letters addressed to the “angels” of the churches at Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamos, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea—all in Asia Minor. The letters contain words of praise, censure, and exhortation, with attendant warning in the event
Smyrna
SMYRNA. One of the seven cities that John addressed (Rev 2:8–11), Smyrna was located on the same site as the modern city of Izmir, Turkey, at the SE edge of the Gulf of Smyrna. The city curved around the edge of the bay at the base of the 525-foot Mount Pagus, its splendid acropolis. Its streets were
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Angels of the Churches
ANGELS OF THE CHURCHES. The ‘seven stars’ of the Patmos vision are explained as referring to ‘the angels (angeloi) of the seven churches’ (Rev. 1:20), to whom the letters of Rev. 2 and 3 are then addressed. The ‘angel’ concept is problematic. It is often taken either of guardian angels or of human leaders
Smyrna
SMYRNA. A city in the Roman province of Asia, on the Aegean shore of what is now Asiatic Turkey. There was a Gk. colony near by from very early times, but it was captured and destroyed by the Lydians about the end of the 7th century bc and virtually ceased to exist until it was refounded on its present
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Smyrna
Smyrna (Gk. Smýrna)A city (modern Izmir) located at the terminus of inland trade routes that followed the Hermus (Gediz) and Maeander valleys out of the east. From its sheltered harbor in the southern Aegean, trade made its way west to the Greek mainland. A Greek colony dominated the area as early
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Smyrna
Smyrna [smûrˊnə] (Gk. Smyrna). An important city, modern Izmir, on a bay immediately south of the Hermus river (the modern Gediz) on the western coast of Asia Minor. Colonized by Aeolian Greeks at the northwest edge of the plain that extends some 14 km. (9 mi.) inland, the city soon came under Ionian
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Seven Churches
SEVEN CHURCHES Seven Christian communities in seven cities of Asia Minor: Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea. The churches are addressed in Rev 1:4, 11, 20, and individual letters are sent to them in Rev 2–3. All seven churches were geographically in the region that
Smyrna
SMYRNA A city in Asia Minor, on the Aegean Sea at the mouth of the Melas River; the modern name is Izmir. One of the most ancient places colonized by the Greeks, it was captured and destroyed by the Lydians toward the end of the seventh century b.c. In the early third century b.c., the city was refounded
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Angels of the Churches
Angels of the Churches. The seven angels of the Churches of *Ephesus, *Smyrna, *Pergamum, *Thyatira, *Sardis, *Philadelphia, and *Laodicea mentioned in Rev. 1–3. To whom or what is the reference is much disputed. If the angels are men they may be bishops occupying their sees; if heavenly beings, they
Seven Churches
Seven Churches. The Churches in Asia Minor to which the letter of St *John, incorporated in Rev. (1–3), was addressed, namely *Ephesus, *Smyrna, *Pergamum, *Thyatira, *Sardis, *Philadelphia, and *Laodicea. A separate message for each of these Churches, appropriate to its particular temporal and spiritual
Smyrna
Smyrna. One of the principal cities of Roman Asia, now Izmir on the W. coast of Turkey. The Christian community there was one of the ‘*Seven Churches’ addressed in Rev. (2:8–11); it was warned of coming persecution and of hostility from the Jewish community, which was numerous in this mercantile port.
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