The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Holy Spirit
Holy Spirit The Holy Spirit (or Spirit of God) transforms and empowers God’s people.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Spirit. Designation for that aspect of existence, human or otherwise, which is noncorporeal and immaterial. Its Latin derivation (as with the Heb. and Gk words in the Bible) denotes blowing or breathing (Jb 41:16 air; Is 25:4, etc.) In Judges 8:3 the heavy breathing sense of “spirit” describes anger
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Spirit Hebrew and Aram rû (a)ḥ and Gk. pneúma could mean “wind” (e.g., Gen. 8:1; cf. the word play in Jn. 3:8; see Wind) or “breath” (e.g., 2 S. 22:16; see Breath) as well as “spirit.” Both rû (a)ḥ and pneúma are used most with regard to the Spirit of God (see Holy Spirit) and the spirits of human
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
SPIRIT Designation of that aspect of existence that is noncorporeal and immaterial. Its Latin derivation (as with the Hebrew and Greek words in the Bible—ruach and pneuma) denotes blowing or breathing (Jb 41:16; Is 25:4). So the noun spiritus signifies breath and life. God, the source of all life, is
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Flesh and Spirit
flesh and spirit, complementary and contrastive terms whose meaning must be derived from the context in which they are used. In Hebrew thought (which generally informs both the Hebrew Bible and the nt, even though the latter was written in Greek), flesh and spirit were understood holistically, as different
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
SPIRIT. The essential and activating principle or animating force within living personal beings. In the OT. The Heb. noun rûaḥ occurs 377 times in the OT, and usually is translated “breath,” “wind,” or “spirit” (e.g., Gen 6:17; 8:1; 41:8). In Ezk 37:1–14 the three different meanings may be observed:
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Spirit, Holy Spirit
SPIRIT, HOLY SPIRIT. OT, Heb. rûaḥ 378 times (plus 11 Aramaic in Dn.); NT, Gk. pneuma 379 times.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
SpiritIn the OT, Heb. rûaḥ means first of all wind and breath, but also the human spirit in the sense of life force and even personal energy. In 1 Kgs. 18:45; Ps. 103:16; Jer. 4:11 it means wind, a phenomenon of nature. In some cases, however, wind is seen as God’s instrument (e.g., Gen. 8:1; Num.
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Spirit. In Christian theology the word denotes: (1) The intelligent and immaterial part of man or the human *soul in general, whether united with the body in life or separated from it in death, and esp. that aspect of it which is concerned with religious truth and action and is directly susceptible to
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
SPIRIT (Heb. rûạh, “breath, wind”; Gk. pneuma, “wind, breath,” the “vital principle,” etc.). A term used in the Scriptures generally to denote purely spiritual beings; also the spiritual, immortal part in man. Other terms (nepesh; psuchē) refer to the animal soul or life of man, though it seems evident
Encyclopedia of the Reformed Faith
ProphesyingsOriginating in sixteenth—century Zurich, “prophesyings” (1 Cor. 14:29, 31) were “an academic exercise in the spirit of biblical humanism, replacing logical discourse as the principal discipline for the schooling of future ministers” (Collinson, p. 169). They were begun in Elizabethan England
Key passages
Is 61:1

The Spirit of the Lord Yahweh is upon me, because Yahweh has anointed me, he has sent me to bring good news to the oppressed, to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim release to the captives and liberation to those who are bound,

Jn 3:5–8

Jesus answered, “Truly, truly I say to you, unless someone is born of water and spirit, he is not able to enter into the kingdom of God. What is born of the flesh is flesh, and what is born of the Spirit is spirit. Do not be astonished that I said to you, ‘It is necessary for you to be born from …

Jn 20:21–23

So Jesus said to them again, “Peace to you. As the Father has sent me, I also send you.” And when he had said this, he breathed on them and said to them, “Receive the Holy Spirit. If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them. If you retain the sins of any, they are retained.” …

Ro 8:14–17

For all those who are led by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God. For you have not received a spirit of slavery leading to fear again, but you have received the Spirit of adoption, by whom we cry out, “Abba! Father!” The Spirit himself confirms to our spirit that we are children of God, …

Ga 5:16–18

But I say, live by the Spirit, and you will never carry out the desire of the flesh. For the flesh desires against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh, for these are in opposition to one another, so that whatever you want, you may not …

See also
Topics & Themes